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Michal Michalovič

Abstract

Dominik Tatarka’s novella The Miraculous Virgin was first published in 1944. Twenty years later a second edition (revised by the author) was published and at approximately the same time Tatarka wrote a literary script for an intended film based on his novella. Director Štefan Uher (who had previously directed three feature films – Class Nine A, The Sun in a Net and The Organ) undertook the film adaptation. He wrote the shooting script based on Tatarka’s literary script and in 1966 he directed the movie The Miraculous Virgin. In the present study the author analyses the evolution of the text from one version to another. Tatarka’s modifications to the text and Uher’s subsequent changes are being analysed. The readers – and future audience of the film – had at their disposal four literary versions of The Miraculous Virgin: two editions of the novella, a film treatment by Tatarka (published in two issues of the Slovenské pohľady magazine in 1964) and a so-called literary script (published in 1966). Therefore we can talk about a complex consisting of various components and we can analyse in detail the relationship between them.

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Italian Thrilling Spectacle Between Aesthetics, Enthusiasm and Nostalgia

Popular Genres of Italian Cinema from the 1960‘s – 1980‘s as reported in Czecho(Slovakian) Film and Non-Film Periodical Press (1990 – 2000)

Jan Švábenický

Abstract

This study focuses on the reflection of popular genres from Italian cinema during the 1960’s to 1980’s in Czecho(Slovakian) film and non film press during the years 1990 to 2000. The subject for analysis will only be comprehensive and compact texts that deal with concrete popular genres or with the productions of filmmakers that represent various models of a thrilling spectacle. We will mention only one example from Czech and Slovak translations, because this study deals purely with original published Czech and Slovak texts. This study aims to emphasize the themes chosen by Czech and Slovak film publicists, critics, and journalists in relation to popular Italian genres and in what way they developed interpretative thinking and historical, socio-cultural and industrial context of various models of a thrilling spectacle. Part of our study examines the point of view of film journalism in Czecho(Slovak) periodical press, in the sense of a historical document about period thinking on popular genres of Italian cinema, it will also take into account the enthusiastic and nostalgic approach taken by some of the authors that became a parallel line to the aesthetic interpretation of the films. The study will also touch on social, cultural and medial transformations after the year 1989 which led in Czecho(Slovak) film journalism to a greater critical interest in Italian popular genres. The text will be divided into two parts. The first part will deal only with the Italian western that belonged to the most often reflected and analyzed categories of spectacular spectacle. The second part will point to other lines of thrilling spectacle in Italian popular cinema and to some filmmakers whose work was repeatedly reflected in film journalism.

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Michaela Mojžišová

Abstract

The study deals with the increase in the introduction of modern opera production at the Slovak National Theatre in the 1960s. The author interprets it not only as an attempt of dramaturgy to enliven the traditional repertoire, but in particular as an ambition to apply more modern theatrical poetics in the production opera practice. Since there was no practice of updating classic opera production in Slovakia in the sense of “Regietheater” at that time, this production of the 20th century was considered to be the most realistic way of reviving opera. At the same time, the study highlights the social motivation of this intention: an effort to address a new, progressively oriented audience that would create appeal for a conventionally oriented audience that primarily focuses on the musical-vocal component of opera productions.

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Elena Knopová

Abstract

The text briefly illustrates the history of the Europe Theatre Prize (ETP) and its current form. The author offers insights into the work of theatrical performers who received prizes in the categories of Special Prize and Europe Prize Theatrical Realities. While also briefly apprises the productions seen during the 16th ETP. In 2017, the Special Prize category was won by: Wole Soyinka, Fadhel Jaïbi, Dimitris Papaioannou, the Europe Prize Theatrical Realities was won by: Susanne Kennedy, Yael Ronen, Theatre NO99, Alessandro Sciarroni, Jernej Lorenci. The main prizes were won by actors Jeremy Irons and Isabelle Huppert. Productions also presented in this week included the works of directors Petr Stein, Robert Wilson and Giorgio Barberio Corsetti former recipients of the Europe Theatre Prize.

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Jana Dudková

Abstract

Using the example of three films – Kandidát (The Candidate, 2013, dir. Jonáš Karásek), Pirko (Little Feather, 2016, dir. Lucia and Petr Klein Svoboda), and Únos (Kidnapping, 2017, dir. Mariana Čengel-Solčanská), the present study deals with distrust in the systemic elements of society in Slovak feature films in the period following the establishment of the Audiovisual Fund (2009). By means of a thematic and stylistic analysis, it points to the similarities between the selected films. It shows their rootedness in the established trends of Slovak cinema as well as their diversion from them, which is mirrored in their dialogical work with the phenomenon of reality, by creating an illusion of anticipation or influencing future events.

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Josef Vinař

Abstract

This text is a posthumous work by Assoc. Prof. Josef Vinař (1934–2015), a lecturer at the Theatre Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. Before his death Josef Vinař asked his colleague Jan Vedral to take care of his unfinished theoretical work and make it available. Acting upon this wish and the wish of Vinař’s heirs, Jan Vedral put together a team from some of Vinař’s students (current doctoral students), who compiled Vinař’s theoretical ideas about theatre. The present study is a summary of some of Josef Vinař’s findings and especially his phenomenological ideas about the art of acting. The author prepared it for the Slovak Theatre journal.

Open access

Eva Šošková

Abstract

Throughout its entire history, Slovak animated film has had the form of figurative narrative art or craft. For this reason, the author of this study examines its post-1989 development through the prism of the body. Since the most visible change that has affected contemporary film aesthetics is the feminization of animated film in terms of authorship, the study primarily focuses on the ability of an animated body to represent gender and gender roles. It attempts to capture the most significant changes in the depiction of the body in authorial animated film before and after 1989, in more detail record the post-revolution changes in the body, and relate this to the changes in the institutional background of animated film. Animated bodies have developed from “ordinary people” from a dominant male point of view in socio-critical socialist production through female characters in interaction with clearly distinguished male characters in the films of female authors from the Academy of Performing Arts, the crisis of stereotypical masculinity in the production of male authors to independent women looking for their own identity inside themselves, without relating themselves to their male counterparts.

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Jan Švábenický

Abstract

This study examines journalistic, publicist, and critical discourse in relation to the popular genres in the Italian cinema of the 1960s and 1970s in Czechoslovak film and non-film periodical press. Of interest are mainly comprehensive texts that analyse Italian popular genres as a genre system and a specific corpus of films that belong to the same genre. Czech and Slovak translations of foreign studies and texts (with the exception of some examples), interviews with Italian filmmakers, short glosses, or informative texts are beyond the scope of this research. This study reflects critical, journalistic, and publicist interpretations and views by Czechoslovak press of popular genres in national Italian cinema in the selected historical period. Research is divided into two parts that develop specific aspects of these analytic questions. The first part analyses texts about this subject matter in various film a and non-film periodicals, including newspapers and journals with emphasis on long studies and interpretations of a few categories of popular genres viewed in the extensive context of their national, socio-cultural, iconographic, and industrial aspects. The second part deals only with the popular genre of western all’italiana (western in Italian style), which represented an international cinematic and socio-cultural phenomenon in the 1960s and 1970s and was of the greatest interest to Czechoslovak critics, journalists, and publicists in relation to popular genres of Italian cinema in general.

Open access

Dáša Čiripová

Abstract

This study deals with a period of the Greeco-Roman history related to theatre. Hellenism is a period which is often overlooked by theatre scholars although it is an immensely important and rich transformatory and revolutionary period from a historical point of view. Hellenism is not only marked with the encounter of two worlds, but also with their mutual enrichment. In the world of diverse peoples, theatre and drama turn to lighter themes (comedy is more popular than tragedy), show preference for entertaining theatre forms, gradually divert their attention from serious textual levels and turn to non-verbal genres. Menandros is a typical representative of Hellenistic drama. Unfortunately, a great number of texts and files, which would contain at least mentions of drama production at that time, have been lost.

Open access

Dagmar Inštitorisová

Abstract

This study deals with television and radio artistic, documentary, and investigative programmes whose thematic focus is the historical figure of Milan Rastislav Štefánik. The analysis examines television and radio recordings from the archives of RTVS, the Slovak Film Institute in Bratislava, and two documentary films produced by the company Kanimex. It focuses on the form of their artistic treatment as well as representation of the personality of Štefánik. In its conclusion, the study summarizes findings about the manner of interpretation of his personality in a model of an audiovisual and audial historical figure.