Studies have shown that project risks are responsible for the failure of most Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects. The study examined the critical risk factors associated with PPP housing projects. Data for the research was obtained through a questionnaire. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and mean ratings. Corruption and bribery among contracting parties (0.681), Exchange rate volatility (0.621) Availability of development funds (0.599) and Change in government (0.580) were the critical risk factors identified. The study also indicated that project cost is highly influenced by lack of development funds and changes in interest rates. The quality of PPP housing projects in Abuja was found to be influenced by partner selection risks. The study suggested a competitive, transparent, and efficient bid process to eliminate corruption, workable strategies for ensuring the availability of development funds at a cheaper rate and adopting mixed strategy in which government continues to provide social housing to the low-income class while providing the enabling environment for the private sector to thrive.
Although success is a word that encapsulates a general and wide idea and it is challenging to provide a definite and a consensus definition from all individuals concerned, for many years, there has been a growing interest in identification of the success factors and the relationship with project success. In this research, the main objective investigates the relationship between top management, project mission, personnel, communication and Schedule/Plan and project success in construction industry in Malaysia. A survey was conducted among Managers and Employees of construction companies registered with Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) of Malaysia and the correlation and regression analysis was carried out in order to test the hypotheses of the study. Key areas are now offered that practitioners and academics should further explore to contribute to the knowledge body on project success and to explore in more details which factors affect project success in construction industry in Malaysia.
Gap of building production management (BPM) is a serious issue that influences project success and building construction firms’ (BCFs) performance. Hence, the call for BCFs performance improvement using a new production model approach is a necessity. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the new production model concept as a method for enhancing the performance of BCFs through addressing the gap of BPM in Nigeria. To attain this aim, a research procedure was designed to achieve two objectives which include: (i) exploring the nature of Nigerian construction industry, gap of BPM and new production model concept; (ii) investigating the awareness and application of the new production model concept as a method for enhancing the performance of BCFs in the study area. To accomplish the aforementioned aim, a research method comprised of a literature review and questionnaire surveys was designed to address the objectives. The study identified unproductive/ineffective BPM, lack of buildability and maintainability analysis, professionalism mismatch, and unauthorized practices as the gap of BPM. This study revealed that the gap of BPM is the main reason behind building failures/collapses, bad debts, low productivity, low level of clients satisfaction, high labour turnovers, and barriers to economic fortune. The study also revealed poor cash flow, lack of experience in the construction field, unprofessionalism and a high number of unskilled employees in a company, lack of co-operation from subcontractors and suppliers and poor labour relations, as the top five causes of BPM gap. BCFs in Nigeria have adopted several approaches to arrest these issues, but the challenges still occur. Thus, the new production model concept that has not been well adopted by construction firms in Nigeria, and which emphasizes on-site production, and aims at enhancing production management is a key to tackling these issues. Based on the survey findings, the study recommended that the issue of the gap of BPM must be correctly identified and clearly understood so as to enable BCFs to bridge the production management gap which will influence their performance positively.
The intent of this article is to explore a mathematically sound method to graphically monitor schedule performance index (SPI) such that it enables the project manager to take objective data based decisions regarding the progress of the project schedule. The article aims to leverage the theory and application of control charts, specifically the U chart and Laney U chart and test its applicability to earned value management by trending schedule performance index on a time series chart. Off the shelf software, MinitabTM was used to generate the control charts based on earned value and planned value. While this paper proves that the Laney U chart, with correct interpretation, acts as an effective trigger-based tool for schedule risk management, it also generates further avenues for research into similar use of control charts for cost performance and other quality indices.
The main purpose of this study was to investigate how leadership skills and stakeholder management acting together to influence the execution of fibre optic infrastructure. The study adopted the pragmatism research paradigm, with a cross-sectional survey design. Census was used to select 187 respondents from a target population of 187 functional members of staff in fibre optic infrastructure departments of two mobile telecommunication and four internet service companies in Nairobi County, Kenya. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data while an interview guide and document review guide were used to collect qualitative data. Inferential statistical analysis was performed using multiple regression. It was demonstrated that leadership skills and stakeholder management act together to have a significant positive influence on the execution of fibre optic infrastructure. Therefore, there is a need for companies to ensure that stakeholders are involved in all phases of a project from inception to closure. Mobile telecommunication and internet service providing companies should also develop training programs to improve the leadership skills of project leaders and make use of conflict management strategies and communication skills to ensure appropriate management of change. It was suggested that similar and comparable studies should be conducted in other countries across the world.
Public private partnership projects have been adjudged to contain more risks than traditionally procured projects due to more number of parties involved and their varying interests. These risks affect the achievement of projects objectives and therefore need to be identified and treated to guarantee project success. This paper developed a life cycle framework for managing risks in PPP housing projects in Nigeria. The respondents were selected using purposeful sampling technique. The data used for the study were obtained through semi-structured questionnaire and were analysed using mean rating. Risk transfer was found to be the widely used measure for responding to risks in PPP housing projects. The criteria mostly used for risk allocation were party with the best ability to manage specific risks should they occur and ability of the party to foresee risks. A four-stage life cycle framework was developed, evaluated and validated by experts in the built environment to ascertain its reliability. The framework is recommended for PPP housing projects in Nigeria.
Project manager’s skills which are the competencies required for successful completion of the project play an important role in the construction industry, therefore acquiring these skills is significant for project success. However, indigenous construction firms compete with their multinational counterparts for the available skilled workforce. The study, therefore, investigates the level of project managers’ skills acquisition in indigenous and multinational construction firms in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study adopted cross-sectional survey research and data were collected using a structured questionnaire. One hundred and thirty-three questionnaires (106 indigenous and 27 multinational) were administered to project managers and 106 retrieved and valid for analysis representing 73% response rate. The techniques for analysing the data are mean score and t-test. The study revealed that the most important skill type as perceived by project managers is a technical skill and there is no significant difference in the level of skill acquisition by project managers in indigenous and multinational construction firms. Hence, the study concludes that the categorisation of construction firms has no effect on the level of skills acquisition by project managers; therefore, it plays no role in project managers’ skills acquisition. Project managers should strive towards developing themselves through training for improved performance and for successful completion of construction projects.
Business management is a continuous decision-making process. It is difficult to imagine a company that does not use forecasting techniques. Even small enterprises without relevant forecasting departments more or less consciously anticipate future events, forecasting the volume of production and setting directions for development. Today’s production companies must quickly adapt to changing customer requirements, implementing structural and technological changes and delivering projects related to the production of new products. Under the dynamically changing conditions, the functioning and effective management of modern enterprises depend on future-oriented information. This increases the validity of forecasting. This article aimed to identify forecasting methods and areas of their use in production engineering. The publications on this subject were reviewed in the Scopus database, using the time frame from January 1970 to June 2018. An original classification of research subareas was created using VOS viewer software, and then, a bibliometric map was developed to visualise the results of the word coexistence analysis. The analysis of the co-occurrence and co-classification of words made it possible to indicate research subareas of forecasting in production engineering and related emerging research areas and issues.
The study aims to assess transport systems in terms of ISO 37120 indicators in selected European cities. Using the principal components analysis, the research identified significantly correlated variables associated with urban transport. Three principal components explained almost 87% of input data variability. The first principal component was mainly related to transportation fatalities, the second component — to the length of bicycle paths, and the third component — to the length of the network used by light passenger public transport. A strong correlation was found between the length of high capacity public transport and transportation fatalities. Furthermore, the analysis proved that the Aalter transport system was an outlier. The paper concludes by identifying several recommendations on the improvement of urban transport management and the development of low-carbon mobility systems.
This article aims to examine the effects of new technology on the purchase of regional brands in Czechia and draw conclusions that will help to adapt the brands to customer needs. Regional brands are a speciality of Central Europe, which emerged due to consumer dissatisfaction with low-quality of global retail products. These traditional local handmade products are heavily influenced by new technology and customers requiring them to be purchasable online with a massive online presence. The sample consisted of 1050 residents of the Czech Republic. The data were gathered by a professional marketing agency Ipsos using a questionnaire survey. The sample was tested using the one-way Chi-square test, which had good compliance to test the basic sample characteristics, followed with the one-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test to test the data distribution, and then, the dependencies were tested with the Kruskal-Wallis test. Finally, a post-hoc test suitable for the type of analysis could be chosen to better understand the type of factors that could influence the results and their possible effect. The main findings indicate a slow change in the demand as customers are neutral in relation to regional brands available from online shops as well as their about social media presence but require them to have a good-quality website. Solutions are proposed using a government-run brand with a platform providing web layouts and hybrid e-shop. The type of content is proposed, indicating the appropriate execution, which should be done based on the researched-derived segmentation criteria.