The paper is an interdisciplinary medical and engineering approach that aims to optimize the accuracy of the High Tibial Osteotomy surgical intervention. The axial deviations of the human inferior limb are presented in the first part of the paper. Without altering the shape of the bones, these deviations cause the wear of the knee’s articular cartilage by gonarthrosis. One of the most common and effective treatment modalities for eliminating axial deviations is High Tibial Osteotomy. Because the surgical procedure involves 3D spatial bone cutting, the accuracy of the procedure and thus the success of the operation and the recovery of the patient is dependent on the execution of these cuts. Within this paper, a specialized device is proposed that makes it possible to guide the surgical saw and to accurately perform the correction angles. In the last part of the paper, customization possibilities and fabrication of the main elements of the cutting device using Additive Manufacturing processes are presented.
Estimating the number of identical objects is a fundamental recognition task that requires exhaustive human effort. Automating this task in a warehouse would reduce the human load significantly. In this paper, we propose a method to automatically detect the number of objects, requiring only low-tech hardware and low-processing software, in a manner that provides optimal performance for the needed tasks. This method combines the physical weight of objects and simple image processing that do not require complicated operations, such as the detection of objects and their locations or the extraction of object figures. The experimental results demonstrate the increased effectiveness of the proposed method compared to methods based on weight alone or on image processing alone.
The research aims to test polymer materials as the plastic materials: UHMWPE and POM, to observe there characteristics, to determing how they can be used and what we can obtain from them. We wanted to see the strong and the weak values that characterize them, what kind of parts we can produce from them and in what case we can use it. By applying this tests is necessary in order to see real datas that can help you compare them, and lead you to conclusions. Using these methods of testing materials leads to the establishment of real properties of the material and to the establishment of new configurations necessary to be made to the manufactured parts.
The European Union regularly develops research, development, innovation (RDI) strategies for seven years for member countries. Romania benefited from the first RDI strategy during the period 2000-2007, during which our country was trying to meet the conditions of EU accession. Romania is a member of the EU since 1st January 2007 and started, based on the EU’s RDI strategy, to develop its own strategy. The present paper aims to analyze the achievement of the general and specific objectives established by National Strategy for Research, Development and Innovation (NSRDI) 2007-2013, the evolution of the results 2014-2017 and what could be the measures and programs taken by Romania in 2019-2020 to bring our country closer to achieving the established objectives through NSRDI for the period 2014-2020.
The paper is focused on identifying the main requirements for developing a CPPS demonstrator prototype. This research aims to categorize the main components and interactions within a new manufacturing system which are required to accommodate a CPPS. The proposed CPPS demonstrator also includes the preliminary requirements identified from the discussions with the regional industry, so that the prototype of the production system could be easily understood and also be the basis for further collaborations. The identified requirements were structured according to the top-down principle focusing on accomplishing the major objectives to be achieved through the prototype of the production system but also on the detailed concepts of the product and the production stations, thus preparing the choice for a concrete technical solution.
The aim of the present paper is to study the Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) level on subjects affected by stress. The device that we have used, connects to the people by finger electrodes to record GSR. The purpose was to find statistical differences between the activities (mental task, walking, sitting and to fill out a survey about their lives) and their stress level. During the experiment, it was found that the survey caused the source of high stress and increasing skin conductance was caused by sweat secretion (mental, physical activity). Is needed to work of collecting data from more subjects because GSR is depended on human behaviour, is variable upon many factors (their eating habits, their emotional state, their gender, their relationship with family, etc) and we need to build a substantial data set for a valid research.
Methods of education applied at universities have a direct impact on matching of knowledge, skills, but also on the approach to the professional sphere of graduates, in relation to the needs and requirements of employers. It is particularly important in the case of Occupational Safety and Health field of study. Using the available means of technical and informational support of education, one should concentrate on shaping individual thinking. In times of rapid technological development, it is not the duplication that counts, but the creative thinking that must be accompanied by the ability to work in a group. And in this direction, according to the author, academic education should pursue. In the publication, the author analyses the applied methods of education. For this purpose, the results of the study of the participant’s observation, direct interviews with employees and employers, as well as the results of a survey conducted among students of the Czestochowa University of Technology, will be used. The analysis will be carried out in terms of the evaluation of applied methods of education - quality, usefulness, adjustment to expectations (students and employers), attractiveness of form and content.
Ischemic heart disease is the most common heart pathology in medical practice. Proper assessment of the size of myocardium injury and its consequences on the heart function is extremely important both for a correct drug therapy and for interventional approach. Most frequently the left ventricle is affected. The need for accurate evaluation of the impact of left ventricular myocardial damage has led to the development of new imaging techniques and improvement of the existing ones. At the moment the most commonly used imaging method for the assessment of left ventricular function is echocardiography. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance and nuclear tomography are precious imaging techniques as well. They are more expensive but bring valuable information when used in adequate situations.
Incremental forming process is a relatively new process among researchers, which is yet to be implemented in automotive and aerospace industries. The researchers are studying various process strategies and methods to improve the geometrical accuracy of the parts obtained by incremental forming, because the geometry of the parts is one of the key factors holding back the process industrialization. One good method to investigate the benefits of a process strategy is by means of numerical analysis, from which the results obtained can confirm or disprove the gains of the researched strategy. The aim of this paper is to present the advantages of using a fluid under pressure as a supporting die instead of using a conventional fixed backing plate for the single point incremental forming process.
In this paper, the implementation and tuning steps of the PID controllers were proposed for the position control of a mobile robot with differential steering. The purpose of this robot was the participation in a European amateur robotics contest, the mobile robot being developed in the Engineering Faculty of Sibiu, Department of Industrial Machines and Equipment. After a brief introduction of the mobile entertainment robot, followed by description of the robot’s different components and traction principles, several principles of tuning the PID controller for the mobile robot are presented. The paper ends with some general conclusions based upon the results obtained from studying the research and considering all the ideas that were introduced.