Browse

11 - 20 of 165 items :

  • Social Sciences x
  • Media Studies x
Clear All
Nahrungskulturen erzählen: Sinnes- und medienästhetische Praktiken

Abstract

Wie werden Nahrungskulturen tradiert? Welche Rolle spielen (fiktive) Narrative für den Transfer der Nahrungskulturen im Bereich des Kulturerbes und des kulinarischen Tourismus? Wie und zu welchem Zweck erfolgt in den Narrativen die Hinwendung zum Körper, zu den Sekundärsinnen und zum Geschmack im Besonderen? Wie trägt diese Hinwendung zur Inszenierung der Authentizität der Nahrungskulturen und zur Inwertsetzung des kulinarischen und nichtkulinarischen Erbes bei? Und welche Bedeutung wird bei all dem den sinnes- und medienästhetischen Praktiken beigemessen? Der Beitrag demonstriert, dass (fiktive) Narrative wie ihre (multi-)mediale Umsetzung ein eigenständiges, bedeutungsgenerierendes Format für die Produktion des Kulturerbes darstellen. Im Sinne eines Differenzmerkmals verleihen Narrative den (Kulturerbe-)Produkten Exklusivität und erhöhen ihren Wert. Je authentischer die Narrative wirken – insbesondere durch ihre Kopplung an den Körper, sinnesästhetische und multisensorische, mediale Praktiken –, desto größer ist das Anreicherungspotenzial der Produkte.

Open access
Narrative des Anthropozän – Systematisierung eines interdisziplinären Diskurses

Abstract

The Anthropocene concept originates from earth system sciences and conceptualizes humanity as a planetary geophysical force. It links current action-oriented time horizons to Earth historical deep time and implies non-separability of natures-cultures. The Anthropocene concept has resonated in debates in natural and social sciences, the humanities and the broader public, serving as an inter- and transdisciplinary bridging concept. Based on an analysis of numerous texts from multiple scientific disciplines and media, this contribution distinguishes five narratives of the Anthropocene: the disaster narrative, the court narrative, the Great Transformation narrative, the (bio-)technological and the interdependence narrative. The five narratives articulate very different perspectives and experiences and transport divergent political, economic, ethical and anthropological values and interests; this is also shown in alternative conceptualizations such as Eurocene, Technocene, Capitalocene or Plantationocene. The analysis reveals that the narratives share significant structural characteristics concerning story, plot, protagonists, spatial and temporal structure and action-oriented emplotment which together can be referred to a meta-narrative of the Anthropocene. Since the partly overlapping, partly contradictory narratives compete for legitimation and dominance in science and the broader public, the findings raise the question whether this struggle will stabilize or undermine the Anthropocene meta-narrative in the long run.

Open access
Prekäre Natur – Schauplätze ökologischen Erzählens zwischen 1840 und 1915 ll Eine Forschungsskizze ll.

Abstract

During the second half of the long 19th century „precarious nature“ moves to the center of a variety of popular discourses. The increasing visibility of and reflection on the human manipulation and destruction of nature is equally important for an understanding of precarious nature as is the publicly received progress of science and the social transformation caused by industrialization and accompanying processes. All these fields create versions of human-nature-relations and of ‘natural’ lifestyles and -forms under increasingly precarious conditions. Precarious nature provides a perspective which allows for the recognition of the dual conditioning of nature in literature, popular science and personal as well as travel narratives and the analysis of its part in the production of affective, discursive and material environments. Ecological story-telling is a vital force which produces a specific proto-ecological knowledge in representations of village-home and forest-wilderness. Liminal spaces between nature and culture thus can be recognized as privileged sites of the negotiation of human-nature-relationships.

Open access
Selbstbeschreibungen des Politischen – in Serie: Perry Rhodan 1961–2018

Abstract

Der Aufsatz erschließt die bislang populärste deutschsprachige Heftromanserie, die seit 1961 ununterbrochen wöchentlich erscheint und Hunderttausende von Leserinnen erreicht hat, als Archiv gesellschaftlicher Selbstreflexion und kultureller Selbstverordnung. Die Komplexität und Kontinuität der Serie und ihre seit den Anfängen in Leserbriefen, Fanzines, Wikis und Online-Foren gut zugängliche Rezeption ermöglichen dem Beitrag erstens fundamentale Korrekturen an den Prinzipien der Massen- und Populärkulturforschung und zweitens die Untersuchung des Politischen der Gesellschaft, das die Serie nunmehr über 56 Jahre beobachtet, und zwar nicht allein anhand der Heftromane und ihrer Verweise, sondern ebenfalls anhand der intensiven Kontroversen um das Politische des gesellschaftlichen Kontextes und das Politische der Serie Perry Rhodan selbst, die in den Leserbriefspalten, Wiki-Artikeldiskussionen, Posts und Kommentaren nachzuweisen sind. Die Hypo these des Beitrags ist: Die Serie beobachtet das Politische der Gesellschaft, und sie provoziert, wie die Debatten in den Foren belegen, Beobachtungen des Politischen der Gesellschaft. Der Beitrag zeigt, wie in den Foren Autoren und Leser ihr politisches Selbstverständnis unter Beobachtung und aufs Spiel stellen, womit die Perry Rhodan-Forschung einen außergewöhnlichen und, mit Blick auf die Po pularität der Serie und die Quantität der Rezeptionszeugnisse, signifikanten Einblick in den Zusammenhang gibt von Selbstbeschreibungen der Gesellschaft, wie sie in literarischen Texten stattfindet, und kulturellen Identitätsentwürfen, wie sie in der Auseinandersetzungen um die Serie sichtbar werden.

Open access
Vom Schwarz-Weiß-Kontrast zur dividuellen Kompositkultur

Abstract

I discuss current shifts in cultural understandings under postcolonial conditions with particular regard to the French-African-Antillean area. Through a short reconstruction of culture constitutive approaches, their continuation and criticism in the Antillean area and furthermore the Afropolitan interpretations by Mbembe, Enwezor and African artists, I come to the conclusion that we need an epistemological shift in the cultural studies discourse itself. Along the lines of the affirmative-critical aesthetic of the mentioned African theorists, curators and artists, I advocate that the cultural studies discourse distances itself from descriptions in terms of cultural contrast, of the same and the other, of white and black and so on. I argue that the discourse should abandon the idea of unified or oppositional cultures and instead emphasize the „composite-cultural“, i.e. the entanglements of respective personal or societal forms of articulation and existence as well as profile the types of symbolic interpenetration, the temporally and aesthetically conditioned „dividuation“. With examples from the African art context, I attempt to outline certain dividual procedures and to stress the fact that nowadays even western articulations are bound to endure forced cultural participation [Zwangsteilhabe]: Instead of discursive contrasts we are in need of analyses of the respective participation and (self-)dividuation processes.

Open access
Workshop „Auf-Sammeln und Ver-Werten“, 14.–15. Juli 2017, Koblenz
Im Rahmen der Sektion „Materielle Kulturen“, Kulturwissenschaftliche Gesellschaft
Open access
Zwischen „Verwurzelung“ und „Bodenlosigkeit“. Gedanken zu einer Philosophie der Migration

Abstract

In reflecting and discussing philosophical approaches on migration (almost Flusser, but also Weil, Arendt, Kant and Waldenfels) – migration could be understood (not as an extraordinary case, but) as a ‘conditio humana’ and touches the limits and possibilities of human beings. As existential experience it is in between ‘rootedness’ and ‘groundlessness’ and has therefore also a critical potential for our views of the world and our standpoints and could enlighten them as a new form of cosmopolitanism.

Open access
Moderation by Researchgate Related to Comments on “Predatory” Publishing Practices

Abstract

The intersection between academia and social media is gradually overlapping. The ability to vent personal and professional discord online, either through blogs or social media, has had both positive and negative consequences on academic communication, with the public and/or in the public domain. ResearchGate (RG) is one of the most popular academic social media sites that allows commenting, either in response to published papers or to questions that are posed on that platform. This paper explores an important aspect of a high-profile, topical and controversial 2017 paper (Derek Pyne; Journal of Scholarly Publishing; DOI: 10.3138/jsp.48.3.137) that had based itself on a flawed blacklist created by Jeffrey Beall. In that paper, unfounded claims were made regarding financial rewards as remuneration schemes at a “small business school” in Canada related to publishing papers in “predatory” journals, i.e., in open access journals that were blacklisted by Beall. Based on those claims, Pyne used RG as a platform to target academics at his research institute. Pyne could have, but did not, use the scholarly platform to engage with his colleagues in an academic debate about his controversial findings, causing personal disrepute on three occasions. Consequently, RG was contacted with a claim of defamation on each occasion. Within hours of each claim, Pyne’s comments were deleted. In early May, RG also erased his social media account. The issue of actual or potential insults in the public domain, such as on blogs, is rarely discussed, much less related to academic social media sites like RG. This case study, and the issues discussed herein related to social media more broadly, will be useful for academics to better navigate increasingly challenging publishing waters.

Open access