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Open access

Roxana Săvescu, Ana Maria Stoe and Mihaela Rotaru

Abstract

Working students face many challenges: they must balance work, school, extracurricular activities, and personal life. Several studies reflected the fact that this balancing act goes hand-in-hand with the level of stress. The scope of the study was to find out whether working students in the Faculty of Engineering Sibiu experience different levels of stress compared with the non-working students. Eighty students from the third year of studies were interviewed regarding the research topic. The interviewed students were randomly selected, five working and five non-working students from each of the eight faculty specializations. The results of the study reflect the fact that the management of the faculty and the professors themselves must take into consideration that stress is a factor that affects students’ performance and behavior.

Open access

Agon Demjaha

Abstract

Inter-ethnic relations between Albanians and Macedonians in Macedonia have been rather problematic since the times of former Yugoslavia. After independence, the new constitution of the Republic of Macedonia instead of improving it has further downgraded the position of Albanians and other minorities living in the country. The non-fulfilment of Albanians’ core demands led to an armed conflict in 2001. The Ohrid Agreement has in addition to ending the armed conflict, also provided for a range of legislative and policy measures to improve the position of the Albanians by ensuring equality and minority protection. However, 16 years after the Ohrid Agreement, inter-ethnic relations in Macedonia still remain burdened by prejudice and stereotypes, rather than cooperation and mutual prosperity. The main aim of the paper is to analyse the state of inter-ethnic relations in Macedonia, with special focus on relations between ethnic Macedonians and ethnic Albanians. The paper also offers an analysis of main factors that contribute to inter-ethnic tensions in the country and explores possible scenarios in the future. The most relevant part of the paper analyses the causality between inter-ethnic and interstate relations. The paper claims that similarly to most of the countries in the Western Balkans, inter-ethnic and interstate relations are basically the components of the same equation. The paper concludes that in Macedonia, Kosovo rather than Albania is much more relevant for the causality between inter-ethnic and interstate relations in Macedonia, and it also offers several reasons to support such thesis. Accordingly, the overall inter-ethnic relations between Macedonians and Albanians in Macedonia heavily depend on inter-state relations between Macedonia and Kosovo and vice versa.

Open access

Hendro Basuki and Lily Hartanu

Abstract

Water is the most essential element in life, it is vital for our survival and it has a crucial role in our ecosystem. Water has many functions, such as firstly for human health, water makes up 2/3 of our body and we cannot survive without water. Secondly for plant health, water is necessary for the transfer nutrients facilitate the growth of plants. Thirdly for animal health, just like for human, water is necessary to maintain the life cycle and survival of the animals. Furthermore is for the earth, water keeps the earth temperature stable, finally water is also used in many sectors to support human life, such as in transportation, agriculture, industries, technologies, etc With the increasing population of the world, innovations are required to maximize the existing water resources; because as the demand for food continues to increase, the source of water remains the same. Adequate funding from Indonesian Government is required to improve access to fresh water and also for the sewage treatment to enable the recycling of water and hence an efficient usage of water. An efficient usage of water is very important and it must be socialized and made aware to the public. The role of the government is to monitor and develop a sustainable usage of water, especially for irrigation in Indonesia rural’s area. In small islands, suitable water infrastructures must be developed to give a positive impact to the people’s life.

Open access

Dan Balanescu and Catalin Fetecau

Abstract

There is a fracture at the level of teaching - between the content of the courses and the meaning that the individual person extrapolates at personal level, and it is from this level of the individual sense that the intrinsic motivations which lead people to fulfillment start. The sense distance is noted in the field of all areas when teaching focuses on information transfer within the respective subject matters, so that the bases of the theories taught are considered nonnegotiable. In this context, the individual cannot be aligned and is basically bound to become a professional and social machine. The solution proposed is to design a motivational seminar to synchronize students with the significant values and histories of each subject matter.

Open access

Ronak Warasthe

Abstract

The number of Public-Private Partnerships in the education sector is growing in developing and emerging economies. Traditionally governments are the main financial contributor to education however, the involvement of the private sector is an increasing one. While more established in primary and secondary education, PPPs in tertiary education are a phenomenon rather slowly growing in the past decades (Patrinos, Barrera-Osorio, & Guaqueta, 2009). There are various concepts of PPPs in higher education each targeting different goals. In order to give an insight into different types of PPPs, the typology according to Mabizela has been briefly displayed and the case of a PPP in Namibia is given. The framework of the partnership was compiled to give an outlook on the practicability of partnerships. The paper exemplifies that both partners within a PPP can benefit from the added value they may generate for their target group. Thus, the benefit depends on quality, relevance and execution of the partnership.

Open access

Silviu Ilie Săplăcan and Ramona Lile

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and improve through recommendations the revenue management, in this case the turnover, applied by changing the method of feeding calves with age ranging from 0 to 6 months from the zootechnical farm at the Development and Research Center for Cattle Breeding from Arad. This will be achieved by using an approved and certified feed substitute (milk powder) to feed the calves instead of the cow’s milk so that the milk produced by the dairy cows can be delivered to customers. The differences between the cost of buying and feeding calves with this substitute and the income from selling milk are substantial. By this method, the income of the resort and that of any zootechnical farm will be maximized without endangering the health of the calves or the end-users. At the same time, we will disseminate the results obtained by applying this method in 2016, the results being conclusive.

Open access

Călin Ciprian Oțel and Violeta Firescu

Abstract

Through this paper, the authors have propose to briefly illustrate the shift from the “approach of knowledge as a product” to the “approach of knowledge as a process”, conducted through the Bologna Process in technical higher education. In this latter approach, the emphasis is on student rather than on teacher, as it is in the case of traditional higher education. The applied research was conducted at the Satu-Mare Branch of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca through the project “Specialists for Satu-Mare” and the survey was used as method and the questionnaire as tool. The information gathered through the questionnaires distributed to both parties involved: students and teachers were analyzed. The aim of the research is to identify possible malfunctions and to propose recommendations for improving interactions in the educational process. The most important findings are: the need for the learning process to transfer especially practical knowledge and the promotion of “Professor Bologna's portrait” among teachers obtained as a result of applied research.

Open access

Călin Ciprian Oțel and Florin Lungu

Abstract

We live in an extremely dynamic society in which classical approaches applied by companies no longer provide viable solutions to the problems they face on the market every day. Companies that will be able to quickly access information, qualified workforce and innovative solutions will be successful. This goal can only be achieved by those companies that will actively involve universities in their “life” through research partnerships, professional training programs, etc. thus being able to respond effectively to the market demands. The paper presents the results obtained through the achieved research by processing of the information collected from the teaching staff of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca and the companies' representatives from Satu-Mare participating in the events of the project “Specialists for Satu-Mare”. The most important findings are: the need to develop training courses and to involve professors in research activity in order to design, develop and implement new products. Finally, proposals are being made to improve the collaboration between companies and professors.

Open access

Zhou Yahong, Wang Rui and Wei Aihua

Abstract

The research object of this paper is the 66 students of Groundwater science and engineering in Heibei GEO University. Their 11 courses’ exam scores in grade 3 were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA). The results show that the course system is basically reasonable, because most of the score of the curriculums in PC1 are consistent with each other. What’s more, the results show that the professional basic courses laid a good foundation for the development of other courses. At the same time, the weakness of the curriculums has been reflected during the study. The content of the professional practice may need to be adjusted because it failed to transform the theoretical knowledge to practical application.

Open access

Bogdan Rusu

Abstract

This exploratory paper aims to identify and explain student’s opinions on such significant increase of bursary value, their track record of receiving bursary, the efforts they made to increase grades and explore four key factors that form student’s background characteristics: their relations with family, colleagues, friends/ acquaintances, and partner/ spouse. Data collection based on interviews with 33 Engineering students in two phases: individual and group-based written format and included both bursary and non-bursary students. Group-based interviews were designed and performed based on preliminary data analysis and enabled a better understanding of the interactions regarding bursary increase among the same group of students. Data analysis revealed complex interactions among factors that determine increased effort for learning influenced by amount of effort and family’s financial support, pride of accomplishment and being part of the best students as well as personal ambition and competitiveness. The relations with family and financial support provided (or lack of it) have in most cases a critical impact upon Engineering student’s efforts on learning and getting the grant. Entourage, cohort colleagues and close friends also influence student behavior through imitation and by selfarranging students into categories: with bursary (excellent or just good grades), no bursary (grades close or away from bursary trash hold) with dynamic positioning depending on context.