The military leader is the central pillar of all military structures, whose functionalism is sustained and enhanced by the exercise of an effective leadership. Explaining the role and place of the military leader in an organizational context creates prerequisites for the identification of his/her action situations from an educational perspective. In this context it becomes necessary and useful to investigate the issue of the educational leadership on delimiting the conceptual framework, identifying the exigencies and forms of exercising the educational leadership, as well as the particularities of the educational leadership at the tactical level. From this approach, implications of habit-forming arise.
This paper describes the particularities of satellite navigation on the territory of Romania in search of solutions to improve the accuracy of these systems. The performance of a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is influenced by many factors, including distortion of the signal, the influence of the ionosphere and the troposphere, multipath propagation. Some of these factors depend on the geographical position and the environment in which the navigation system is used. Moreover, Romania is located at the border of coverage of two Satellite Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS) – European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS) and System for Differential Corrections and Monitoring (SDCM) which leads to some peculiarities regarding satellite navigation.
It is said that western society is heading toward individuation, towards personalization. This, along with continuous technological progress, triggers the concept of Personal Identity Online (PIO) which highlights and tailors a specific characteristic of an individual’s behavior in an online network of similar ones, benefitting from a single opportunity to shape an individual’s identity differently from the one he has in reality. Looked at from the network of ties existent in a social online environment, identity is tailored by each individual representation in virtual encounters. This representation is provided by the users’ profiles while the posts used are enriched and shared account for the visual representation of alterity. The present paper looks at how impression management and personal branding are developed in the social network environment in a desire to complete personal characteristics that reality did not grant. Analysis on posted content, management of information and social manifestation are involved to this end.
The need for efficient management of defense-related resources has become a primary objective for every nation, regardless of whether it belongs to an alliance or not. Current societal challenges generate a series of redrafts of how these resources are managed. Only a quantitative approach to defense resources is no longer a solution, but an integrated medium and long-term approach is an appropriate solution to the new security environment. The risk, as a component of military capabilities management, should be carefully analyzed, localized and treated in order not to jeopardize the effectiveness of the use of defense resources.
During September-November 1968 there was a crisis situation in the Romanian-Soviet relations, generated by the criticism that the Romanian government formulated for the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia on August 23, 1968. This crisis came to the attention of decision-makers in the United Kingdom and Allied bodies within NATO. Both the British Cabinet and the representatives of the North Atlantic Alliance member countries held several meetings in which the issue of Romania and Yugoslavia was discussed in the context of Soviet threats. The Secretary of State of the Foreign Office visited Romania and discussed with Nicolae Ceauşescu, Ion Gheorghe Maurer and Corneliu Mănescu. This article aims to present debates within the NATO and the UK bodies on the political crisis in the Romanian-Soviet relations from the autumn of 1968 and the position adopted by them against a possible Soviet invasion in Romania and Yugoslavia.
Paradoxically, the more educated and wealthier the society is, the greater the negative impact on the environment, because the consumption needs are higher, which leads to an increase in the pollution of the environmental factors. This leads us to the conclusion that, in order to achieve sustainable development, education of the population is not sufficient. The link between sustainable development and education is very complex, and the challenge faced by mankind is to educate the population to become a factor of change.
The habit of smoking is one of the most dangerous long-term behaviors affecting the health of a population, especially for young women, who will become the mothers to give birth to the future generations. In order to identify the prevalence of smoking among young women in Târgu Mureş, as well as other lifestyle-related risk factors, in this cross-sectional study we used a questionnaire to assess lifestyle among 964 women aged 15 to 49 years. The results showed that almost half of the interviewed women declared being smokers. The highest prevalence was found to be associated with the 21 to 30 year age group, no high-school education, non-Romanian ethnics, showing no interest for a healthy lifestyle, low resistance to stress and lack of proper rest and relaxation. This increased prevalence of smoking among women of childbearing age was identified alongside a low willingness for smoking cessation.
Educators generally concur to the idea that one of the most essential goals of schooling is to empower students to become efficient problem solvers for the knowledge-based society. Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional methodology mainly focused on developing students’ abilities to deal with solving realistic issues by employing team-oriented strategies. The present paper discusses the opportunities of integrating PBL in the teaching of English for specific purposes, starting from the firm belief that by putting students in the role of effective collaborators, critical thinkers, creative problem-solvers, and capable communicators, the proposed strategies efficiently prepare cadets for real-life environments, for the challenges of their professional careers, and for an active citizenship. Drawing on a solid theoretical conceptualization of problem-based instruction, the article outlines the advantages of PBL for both teachers and students and proposes a series of practical strategies that are intended to facilitate our cadets’ development in four key skills – critical thinking, creativity, communication and collaboration, –with the help of project-based learning.
Romania’s security interests and objectives, the army missions in the current geopolitical context and Romania’s obligations as a member of NATO have imposed the continuation of the process of quantitative and qualitative restructuring of the human resources and determined the decision to renounce compulsory military service in favor of the one based on volunteering, starting with the first of January of 2007. The transition from the army based on compulsory military service to the one based on voluntary service imposed the repositioning of the military profession on the Romanian labor market, especially in relation to the competition represented by other similar institutions.
After the criminal prosecution is completed, the indictment is the act of referring the court (not the inculpation, as in the previous regulation, the prosecutor’s ordinance being the only procedural act in this respect), and when it also includes, in its contents, solutions for closing or waiving the prosecution, the court is not also referred for the judgment of those, even if they were described in the presentation of the case and are related to the deed brought before the court for judgment. This act of indictment is issued by the prosecutor only if he is convinced that three conditions are met cumulatively – the deed exists, it was committed by the defendant and he is criminally liable – otherwise, he has a solution of non-adjudication or can appreciate on the opportunity to abandon criminal prosecution. As a novelty in the current Code of Criminal Procedure, the Guilty Plea/Agreement on the Recognition of Guilt is an exception to the principles of truth and legality, being adopted in our judicial system for pragmatic reasons, being similar as an institution to that of other criminal procedural systems on the continent. The guilty party is the prosecutor and the defendant, the latter being both a natural person and a legal person, as procedural rules do not differ in this respect. The interpretation of Article 478 par. 1 of the Criminal Procedure Code: “the defendant and the prosecutor may conclude an agreement” implies that neither of the two holders will be compelled to enter into an agreement initiated by the other.