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Zabłocie is a Krakow’s post-industrial neighbourhood currently in transition. Numerous investments are being made there. The old industrial function (of this area) is disappearing year by year. Dynamic and large-scale transformations began in the 21st century and have continued to the present, influencing the functional-spatial transformation. Rapid changes have resulted in numerous problems that may intensify in the future. The annually increasing change seen in the Zabłocie neighbourhood, and the emerging doubts about the correctness of the changes taking place, make it necessary to undertake a thorough analysis and evaluation of the regeneration process.

The purpose of the article is to present the conditions, barriers and perspectives accompanying the development of Zabłocie. An attempt was made to identify problems related to the ongoing functional and spatial changes occurring in Zabłocie. Emphasis was given to both the positive and negative aspects of the regeneration process in this area. The identification of the transformations that occurred made it possible to define contemporary problems.

The following were distinguished as falling amongst the main problems: obscure planning and strategic documents, the lack of preservation of valuable facilities, planning chaos, special conflicts of interest (between developers, investors, residents and city authorities), the lack of parking lots, the occurrence of the gentrification phenomenon, and a shortage of public green spaces. A key task should be to take action to improve the way the area functions so that in the future it has positive associations. It was emphasised that the development and transformation processes do not always have a positive effect. In the case of Zabłocie, it is necessary to fully control this process in order to prevent the formation of negative phenomena in the future. In the coming years the research results obtained may have a positive impact on the anticipation and monitoring of the progressive regeneration of this area and will enable the occurrence of negative aspects to be identified. The results of the research may be useful during the analysis of the process of regeneration and the identification of problems in other cities.


This paper is directly associated with the international conference “East meets West – contemporary urban issues revisited”.

The main objective of the paper is to provide readers with ideas related to the possibility of studying the “Eastern” (post-socialist) housing estates through selected “Western” concepts including representation, symbolism, everydayness/everyday life and the complexity of relations including the materiality or socio-technical configuration of places.

The paper consists of three main sections: in the introductory section, basic information and knowledge regarding (large) housing estates are concisely presented and discussed. By means of illustrative examples, the second main section of the paper covers a brief presentation of selected “Western” concepts. The final section focuses on the discussion of the concepts’ usefulness and of the methods through which they can be utilised. The main ideas and conclusions resulting from this paper can be stated as follows:

  1. particular housing estates in CEE countries find themselves in a common, yet at the same time always in one way or another specific and individual “post-socialist situation”;
  2. to understand the situation of a particular housing estate means to understand the structural influences as well as the agency of particular (local) actors, either human or non-human;
  3. housing estates can be seen as dynamic, ever-changing socio-technical-spatial formations constantly passing through a continuous process of (re) production by various forces/actors and (power) relations.


Monuments and memorials have become mundane elements of public space: commemorative plaques, statues, and memorial sites are mushrooming in the wake of memory production. However, besides the emblematic ones that have become accepted both by the powers and the public, there is a long list of monuments which are less cherished and/or have failed to be accepted as landmarks. When analysing two memorials in Budapest, I was interested in the possible factors explaining the failure and/or neglect of a monument. The monument dedicated to the victims of the German Occupation of Hungary was never officially unveiled, thus has not become part of the governing authority’s political landscape. Hence the proliferation of commemorative plaques on site the Corvin Passage, one of the emblematic scenes of 1956 revolution in Hungary, seems to be in a limbo between a commercial area and a heritage site. In contrast, the anti-monument on Liberty Square, a collage of personal relics, juxtaposing the official memorial, regularly visited by locals as well as tourists.

Based on the example of the anti-monument on Liberty square, I stress the importance of social practice in commemoration. I argue that a memorial site’s public acceptance and success is correlated with its capacity to engage in regular social practices.


Major changes can be observed in the way that the public transport system in Poland operates as a result of the structural and ownership transformations of the former state-owned Motor Transport Company (Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacji Samochodowej [PKS]). An analysis was carried out of the town’s existing public transport connections in order to determine the impact of these changes on the mobility of the residents of a small town. The town of Brzozów was selected for the research. After August 2013, PKS Krosno S.A. withdrew from the provision of services on many bus routes in that area.

The external accessibility of public transport in Brzozów was presented at three scales: local, intra-regional and national. Each of these has its own characteristics, and the bus routes provided on each of these scales have different significance for the inhabitants and the functioning of the economy.

Accessibility by public transport in Brzozów is very good and strongly correlated with the city’s functional links on local, regional and national scales. The main transport axis of the city is the route connecting Rzeszów (the capital of Podkarpackie Province) with the Bieszczady Mountains (an area of great value for tourism).

On the local market, the desire to adapt the carriers’ provision to the needs of students and the employees of large companies, while providing for university students on the market for long-distance transport, provided the main motivations for changes in the public transport system in the area of Brzozów Municipality.


The main aim of author was to present the specific features of the architecture and urbanisation of Algiers – the capital of Algeria. The history of the city was marked by two great periods: Muslim domination (especially from the 15th century) and French colonialism (in the years 1830 – 1962). Both of these have left behind numerous traces of architectural and urbanistic thought. The material effect of French domination is the architecture of modern Algiers, which took the form of a French ville, similar to Paris, Lyon or Marseille. On the other hand, the architecture of Algiers also includes the old Arab district – Casbah, that resembles the cities of the Middle East (Madīnah in Arabic), like Istanbul, Cairo or Damascus. Both architectural traditions give the city of Algiers a cosmopolitan and universal character. The threat to the peculiar coexistence of these traditions is the progressive migration from the countryside to the city, which results in the expansion of area of slums, called bidonvilles.


Public libraries play an important role for local neighbourhoods as they function as community hubs. In an ideal case libraries would be located in such a way that a high level of equity in access to them is ensured. This study examines whether or not this equity of access is provided in the case of Krakow where the network of public libraries has recently been reorganised. Besides other methods of measuring accessibility the authors utilise the enhanced two-step floating catchment area approach in order to uncover spatial differences in potential accessibility on foot. Findings from the analyses indicate that, with the exception of the central districts of Krakow, every district is faced with an accumulation of more or less neglected areas. In addition, the work highlights that almost one quarter of Krakow’s population is affected by poor accessibility on foot (more than 20 minutes walk) to the nearest library. The study concludes that the variations in access to libraries presented should be considered by local planners in future phases of the planning of new libraries.


Intensive development of discount store chains has been noticeable in Poland over the last couple of years. This phenomenon is also present in the largest cities, in which – at least in the beginning – investors representing this type of shopping chain were not interested. This article presents research results on the “Biedronka” chain of discount shops in Warsaw. Particular emphasis has been placed on the location of the individual shops in relation to the city centre, and on the specific characteristics of the locations in which the shops have been established (type of building, former function).


The article presents the development of the foodservice industry in major cities in Poland. The paper uses secondary sources of information such as data of the Central Statistical Office (CSO), business reports, and industry newsletters and publications. The research period was the years 2000–2015. A comparative method was applied to the analysis of the data and material collected. Analysis shows that foodservice businesses form one of the most vigorous sectors in Poland. The number of foodservice enterprises changed in every year since the start of analysis in 2000. Also in more recent years the revenue from foodservice activity grew significantly. The development of foodservice enterprises differs between cities in Poland, and is affected by various factors whose interrelations with it are correlated in different ways. Intensive development is particularly often found in major cities (metropolises), where residents earn higher than average incomes, and in attractive tourist destinations. The geographic distribution of foodservice enterprises in the regions of Poland is uneven: the highest concentration of enterprises is in the Mazowieckie voivodeship. Warsaw, capital of Poland takes first place in the country in terms of the number of foodservice enterprises. Foodservice enterprises have shown a significant improvement in quality and variety of services.


The study deals with dynamic suburbanisation based on the example of the communes surrounding Wroclaw. Preventing the negative effects of the process and exploiting it for development opportunities is a challenge to the spatial policy of suburban communes. The main objective is to investigate the impact of spatial policy implemented at the commune level on housing development in a given area. An analysis of the currently valid Study of the Conditions and Policies of Spatial Management of a Commune was made for individual communes. The housing policy created by municipalities located in the vicinity of the large city of Wroclaw was discussed with reference to these documents. The article is intended to show how local governments deal with this phenomenon at the planning level and what might be the consequences of their actions.