Sustainable development has now become an element that is deeply integrated in contemporary architectonic design and urban planning. With the development of a modern designer’s workshop, resilience, passive, ecological, plus energy or nZEB buildings and various smart city issues have to be included in line with more conventional analyses prepared during the design processes. Currently, we also face the emerging theme of the circular economy. This has a great impact, not just on the introduction of circular loops into the flow of building materials, but also on the design approach and management choices. Historic heritage buildings forming part of the building stock must be considered within this new theme. Most existing research deals either with new or modernised buildings, or with the re-use flows of various materials, actually often coming from historic buildings which have passed beyond the limits of repair. This paper shows a different approach to historic buildings where a design was prepared focusing on best choice cases and included a chain of several intertwining approaches, presented against the background of a Polish case study in Warsaw. The aim of this work is to propose a design management procedure to be used when dealing with historic buildings. It follows both the path of a circular economy and of heritage values, emphasising the need to maintain as much of the existing fabric as possible. This analysis is also based on various issues of site research and is followed by historic building case analysis.
A comprehensive piece of research on the tools and methods available for public participation in urban development was carried out as part of the U_CODE Urban Collective Design Environment H2020-ICT Project, the results of which are presented in this paper. Approximately 70 methods and a range of participation goals were identified by investigating the publications of 20 cities and participation networks in Germany plus a number of online participation platforms. In the descriptions a general distinction was made between the level of involvement and the objective of participation. For most of the goals on informational or cooperation level, several (especially offline) tools were found to be available. For more ambitious objectives, e.g. massive co-design, no appropriate tools are currently market-ready, yet several research and development projects are targeting the development and testing of such means. The strong development of more complex methods and tools can be expected within the next few years. Often these instruments are designed in cooperation with urban authorities, however their broad application in German municipalities may take a couple of years yet.
Gentrification is no-longer, if it ever was, a small scale process of urban transformation. Gentrification globally is more often practised as large scale urban redevelopment. It is state-led or state-induced. The results are clear – the displacement and disenfranchisement of low income groups in favour of wealthier in-movers. So, why has gentrification come to dominate policy making worldwide and what can be done about it?
The suburbanisation of poverty has been noted in the cities of a large number of countries, including the UK. The main drivers are labour market restructuring on the one hand, and market-driven change in the housing system on the other although social and housing policies are also factors. This paper explores the possible consequences for the welfare of low-income groups in relation to two dimensions: exposure to air pollution and access to good quality schools. Results show that, for these groups, suburbanisation has had mixed impacts on welfare. In most cities, suburbanisation is likely to bring improvements in air quality but there are only a minority where it improves access to good quality schools. Overall, it is clear that suburbanising low income households enjoy fewer of the benefits of suburban locations than middle class households.
The article discussed aim to introduce readers to the problem matter in connection with the changes taking place within the area related to the issue of metrology in the Armed Forces of the Polish Republic. The article depicts the current situation along with the changes, which took place over the recent years, in the structures of Military Metrology, and it presents the major directions of its development, with particular emphasis on the automation of the calibration process.
In this paper a results of a transient analysis of the linear actuator is presented. The linear actuator consist of the three cylindrical unmovable coils surrounded by a soft ferromagnetic case, a runner made from sequence of ferromagnetic and permanent magnet rings. The model of the linear actuator was implemented into two software: the Comsol Multiphysics and the Matlab-Simulink. Both environments are commonly used in simulation analysis, but the first one uses Finite Element Method (FEM) and the second one uses Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE). Moreover, the dynamic model was analysed in Matlab-Simulink software with value of electromagnetic phenomena implemented from Comsol Multiphysics. Comparison was made due to the time needed for calculation, accuracy of the simulation model as well as the as utility for further optimization process.
The article in the short form presents a problem of protection of human activity in the offshore sector. Authors particularly focused on the analysis and presentation of highly specialized vessels — ERRV (Emergency Response and Rescue Vessels) which are specially designed to ensure safety in the offshore sector; their equipment and its appropriate use. Specific solutions and measures, their capabilities and limitations were presented.
There is an infinitesimal small non polarizable electric inertial charge in the individual atoms or in a number neutral matter included to equal number of the electrons and protons. We refer to the pure calculations verified by the experimental laboratorial results, also planetary phenomena and cosmic observations. This inertial electric charge is origin of a part of the measurable magnetic field in addition to self-consistent dynamo, together as complementary origins to generate very complex magnetism of the celestial bodies. Ultimately we refer to the null results of the test experiments for the spinning bodies magnetic field and we see that neither used bodies in the experiments have been number neutral (no equal number of the electrons and protons), nor the simple formula of the Patrick Blackett is accurate in detail. But we have extracted a new formula in agreement for all spinning bodies magnetic fields, in agreement with both terrestrial and cosmic bodies. We verify the effect of electric charge asymmetry in expanding universe and acceleration of the universe expansion and anisotropy of cosmic microwave background and singularity paradox and solar wind and acceleration of solar wind and corona high temperature puzzle as an equilibrium between the gravity and antigravity and mysterious heat generation of the Sun and planets interiors and missing neutrino and the comets plasma tail outward direction and pendulums mysterious precessions and some other mysteries phenomena too.
Article presented below is a prelude to the process of autonomous underwater systems positioning. An article include description of positioning methods and guidelines for the operators of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), concerning above mentioned process.
The company’s success depends on many factors. One of them is the ability to meet the customers’ expectations and adjust to the needs reported by market. Mathematical methods and tools are helpful in assessing demand. Forecasts should take into account all factors shaping the demand for goods and services, but they are often difficult to define, not only because of their large number, but also due to the impact of individual variables, which is difficult to determine. In many cases, the number of placed orders strongly depends on the time at which they are submitted. The needs can vary according to the time of day, week and year. Then we are dealing with the so-called seasonality, the inclusion of which is very important in the company and enables to better adapt its activity to the customers’ requirements.
This article describes the seasonality of demand in a company providing domestic and road transport services with high-tonnage vehicles. The validity of such analyses and potential benefits were indicated.