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Let’s Go Bananas! Green Bananas and their Health Benefits

Abstract

Bananas have enormous health benefits as a food for both animals and humans. They have been used as a complimentary medicine to treat pathological conditions since ancient times. Recently, there has been increased interest in the scientific validity of the beneficial effects of bananas in alleviating and treating disease conditions including, ulcers, infections, diabetes, diarrhea, colitis and blood pressure. Herein, we write on the potential therapeutic and functional benefits of certain species of bananas when consumed green as well as considering the properties of extracts from the non-fruit parts of the plant. We conclude that green bananas appear to deliver an array of health and therapeutic benefits

Open access
in PRILOZI
Normal Values of Tissue-Muscle Perfusion Indexes of Lower Limbs Obtained with a Scintigraphic Method

Abstract

Introduction

Muscle perfusion is a physiologic process that can undergo quantitative assessment and thus define the range of normal values of perfusion indexes and perfusion reserve. The investigation of the microcirculation has a crucial role in determining the muscle perfusion.

Materials and method

The study included 30 examinees, 24–74 years of age, without a history of confirmed peripheral artery disease and all had normal findings on Doppler ultrasonography and pedo-brachial index of lower extremity (PBI).

99mTc-MIBI tissue muscle perfusion scintigraphy of lower limbs evaluates tissue perfusion in resting condition “rest study” and after workload “stress study”, through quantitative parameters: Inter-extremity index (for both studies), left thigh/right thigh (LT/RT) left calf/right calf (LC/RC) and perfusion reserve (PR) for both thighs and calves.

Results

In our investigated group we assessed the normal values of quantitative parameters of perfusion indexes. Indexes ranged for LT/RT in rest study 0.91-1.05, in stress study 0.92-1.04. LC/RC in rest 0.93-1.07 and in stress study 0.93-1.09. The examinees older than 50 years had insignificantly lower perfusion reserve of these parameters compared with those younger than 50, LC (p=0.98), and RC (p=0.6).

Conclusion

This non-invasive scintigraphic method allows in individuals without peripheral artery disease to determine the range of normal values of muscle perfusion at rest and stress condition and to clinically implement them in evaluation of patients with peripheral artery disease for differentiating patients with normal from those with impaired lower limbs circulation.

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in PRILOZI
Peripheral Arterial Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease

Abstract

There are two points of interplay of chronic kidney (CKD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD): CKD has been recognized as one of the main factors for presence of PAD, and PAD has been defined as a useful tool for risk stratification of CKD population.

Peripheral arterial disease in patients with CKD is a frequent finding, even in those without symptoms.

This review tends to describe determinants for occurrence of arterial disease in chronic kidney disease patients and necessity for its screening.

Open access
in PRILOZI
Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Insomnia in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients and their Co-Relation with the Demographic Variables

Abstract

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging health problem in both developed and developing countries. Depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in patients with chronic disease, but remain undertreated despite significant negative consequences on patients’ health. Assessment of key components of mental health early in disease course will help to identify high risk subjects in whom modifying these predictors will help in providing active and healthy life in CKD patients.

Methods: We did a cross sectional study in 200 patients of CKD stage III to V-D fulfilling the eligibility criteria who were on follow up in a single tertiary care center in the state of Haryana, India. We assessed the prevalence of anxiety, depression and insomnia and their correlation with demographic variables in these patients. The structured questionnaire used in this study gathered information on respondent demographic and disease characteristics, and information obtained from the HADS and PSQI questionnaire. Factors associated with anxiety, depression and insomnia were examined by a multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results: The prevalence of anxiety, depression and insomnia were found to be 71%, 69% and 86.5% respectively. As the CKD stage advanced, the prevalence as well as severity of these parameters increased. Anxiety, depression and sleep quality were found to be significantly correlated to unemployment, low income, low education, urban residence and presence of co-morbidities. The anxiety, depression and insomnia scores were found to have a strong negative correlation with eGFR, hemoglobin, serum calcium (p <0.01) and a positive correlation with TLC, blood urea, serum creatinine and serum phosphate (p <0.05).

Conclusion: We observed a high prevalence of anxiety, depression and insomnia in CKD patients. There is a need to develop strategies to accurately identify “high risk” subjects who may benefit from preventive measures before complications occur. By identifying CKD patients with high risk of developing these mental health related issues, healthcare provider may be better able to ensure the provision of appropriate rehabilitation to this population.

Open access
in PRILOZI
Surgical Treatment of Pleural Empyema – Our Results

Abstract

Pleural infection is a frequent clinical condition. Prompt treatment has been shown to reduce morbidity, mortality and duration of hospital stay. Unfortunately, advanced stages of empyema need to use extensive surgery - decortications or thoracoplasty. Early recognition of the parapneumonic effusion and the adequate treatment with thoracentesis or pleural drainage, which is minimally invasive, is possible not to prograde the process and not to become empyema.

Aim: To analyze the results of the surgical treatment in patients with empyema treated at Clinic for thoracic surgery.

Material and methods: In the retrospective study we analyzed 234 patients with empyema which were treated at the Clinic for Thoracic Surgery in 5 year period (2011-2015). The mean age of the patients was 51.94 years. They were treated with pleural drainage, decortications or thoracoplasty.

Results: With pleural drainage were treated 165/234 (70.51%) patients, of which successfully were finished 124/165 (75.15%), but 41/165 (24.85%) were indicated after the decortications. A total of 108/234 (46.15%) were treated with decortications from which, primary decortications were indicated in 67/234 (28.63%) patients. 5/234 (2.14%) patients were treated with thoracoplasty – 3 of the patients with decortications and 2 with primary indicated thoracoplasty according to the local findings, long term untreated empyema and bad general condition. The Mean hospitalization was 17.4 days, of which 13.4 days after surgery. In the group with primary drainage it was detected a lethal outcome in 7/124 (5.64%) patients, 5/105 (4.76%) in the group with decortications and 2/5 (40%) in the group with thoracoplasty.

Conclusion: Early detection of the parapneumonic effusion and the adequate treatment will prevent the appearance of empyema. If the empyema is detected it is necessary as early as possible to start the treatment with minimally invasive pleural drainage. In earlier stages it is possible to use less invasive decortications, using VATS than the open thoracotomy decortication which is more extensive surgical intervention.

Open access
in PRILOZI
Transition Towards Transradial Approach Improves Outcomes of Acute Myocardial Infarction PCI

Abstract

Introduction and aim: Transradial (TRA) instead of transfemoral (TFA) approach strategy has been presented in research literature as superior access strategy especially for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). There is a paucity of registry-based data of outcomes from default TRA strategy compared to TFA.

Materials and methods: All-comers STEMI PCI institutional Registry identified 1808 consecutive patients in time-frame of 40 months from 2007 to 2010, without making any exclusions. Moreover, we applied Propensity Score Matching (PSM) to replace randomization, address the potential confounding and selection bias. PSM derived 565 congruent pairs of patients from the groups.

Results: After 30 days the primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) was in favor of TRA 6.5% vs. 12.4% in TFA group, simultaneously secondary endpoints of death in TRA with rate of 4.8% and with rate of 10.1% in TFA. Moreover, the rate of major access related bleeding was 1.1% in TRA vs. 8.5% in TFA, in contrast the major non-access related bleeding was 1.8% and 2.4% respectively showed no significant difference. One year Kaplan Meier survival plots were in favor of TRA.

Conclusions: Default transradial access strategy is associated with improved STEMI PCI outcomes.

Open access
in PRILOZI
5th Rare Disease South Eastern Europe (SEE) Meeting, Skopje, Macedonia (November 15th, 2016)

Abstract

The fifth SEE meeting on rare diseases (RDs) was held in Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (MASA) the November 11th, 2016. Several lectures dealt with mucopolysaccharidosis, glycogen storage diseases and the possibilities for their diagnosis and treatment. Enzyme replacement treatment (ERT), its availability, effects (or the lack of it) on the brain, and further prospects of eventual gene treatment were comprehensively exposed and discussed. Special accent was on Gaucher, Morquio IVA, Hunter and the audience was given new knowledge on the complexities of diagnosis and treatment. A block of lectures on rare renal diseases was also impressive. From renal stones, their molecular and genetic mechanisms to different forms of CAKUT the use of NGS and other molecular methods in diagnosis of RDs. Mitochondrial diseases, the novelties and importance of early discovery were comprehensively exposed. Special lecture was given on the complement system. Endocrine disruptors, microprolactinomas were also the topic of the meeting. A rather reach session of posters was also presented.

Open access
in PRILOZI
BDI in the Assessment of Depression in Different Medical Conditions

Abstract

As a common disorder, depression must be diagnosed not only in psychiatric but also in different medical settings, especially in patients with chronic diseases. Beck Depression Inventory is valuable and sensitive self-report inventory used worldwide for assessment depressive symptoms. In this research we present obtained scores of BDI in different group of disorders and we showed that BDI scores are related to the clinical condition, as well as with the age.

Open access
in PRILOZI
Circonscript Subcutaneous Arteriovenous Malformation of the Head

Abstract

The aim of this study is to show the various possibilities to treat this rare malformation, accentuating the results of the early surgical treatment before complications.

Material: The authors present 8 cases of patients with subcutaneous arteriovenous malformations, 5 females and 3 males (age of 7, 13, 19, 23, 27, 52 and 58 years) treated in the period of 1999 until 2015 at the Clinic for Neurosurgery and the Clinic for Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia. This malformation has been observed by the parents in the childhood, around the age of 3 years in all cases. Local red circonscripted nodule, soft, with manually discharging tendency and varicose dilated veins have been observed in all cases, deaf on both sides in one case, while in the older case, a cavernous sinus thrombosis caused unilateral exophthalmia, hyaline indurated ophthalmic vein, vertigo, arrhythmia, heart failure and bradypsychia have been observed. The size of the malformation has been from 2.5 to 7 cm. The diagnostics was done using CT, CT-angiography and digital angiography including external carotid angiography. Endocranial arterials peduncle was present in all cases.

Results: Six cases underwent surgery, while two cases were treated with several treatments of endovascular embolization. The follow up has been ranged from 2 to 15 years. All surgically treated patients improved without recurrence, the exophthalmia, bradypsychia and the heart problems regressed, while in patients treated with endovascular non-complete occlusion the AVM decreased, but still remained.

In conclusion: The Surgical treatment remains a first option if it is possible, and as earlier as possible, while embolization is a useful tool in cases where a complete excision is not possible.

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in PRILOZI
Clinical Evaluation of Root End Resection Bevel in Periapical Surgery

Abstract

Root end resections play an important role in the success of periapical surgery. Beveling of the root end resections can vary significantly depending on the surgical technique, the root and canal morphology.

The intention of this article was to clinically assess the root resections bevels and to estimate their relation to applied periapical surgeries.

A prospective clinical study consisted of sixty periapical surgeries performed on teeth with chronic periapical lesions. Thirty periapical surgeries were performed in a conventional manner, while thirty were contemporary ultrasonic surgeries. Following the completion of strictly planned and performed intraoperative procedures, the resection bevels were assessed. To obtain the real bevel angles a compass was used. Root resections were significantly less beveled in all teeth operated with contemporary ultrasonic surgery, with mean values between 2.1° to 7.8°. The number of roots and their dilacerations didn’t influence the root resection bevel. For comparison, root resections were significantly beveled in all conventionally operated teeth, with mean values of 46°. Due to the technical limitations of the conventional periapical surgery, mandibular premolars were exclusively operated with ultrasonic periapical surgery, with mean values of resection bevel not exceeding 20.7°. Significantly lesser resection bevel associated with ultrasonic periapical surgery contributes to root preservation and favorable surgical outcome.

Open access
in PRILOZI