Browse

You are looking at 91 - 100 of 11,334 items for :

  • Business and Economics x
Clear All
Open access

Laura Bertalan, Renáta Inzsöl, Judit Hegedüs and Ferenc Jankó

Abstract

Direct sales by farmers gained acceptance in Hungary following the incursion of healthy eating and the enhancement of local economic development efforts. Conducting questionnaire surveys and interviews, our research investigated the means through which locally produced goods reach consumers, e.g., short food supply chains, as well as the farmers’ motivations and the necessary developments. According to the main results, personal direct consumer relations are vital for local farmers; however, advanced sales channels are not popular nor fully developed in Hungary. Only the capital city shows some development here, catalysing and stimulating the domestic market and consumer behaviour. On the other hand, the age structure of local farmers or the lack of knowledge hinder the advent of advanced sales channels. Nevertheless, there is a continuous and immanent need for development in this sector; although, the recent conditions of subsidies unfortunately do not support small scale local farmers.

Open access

Michał Molenda

Abstract

This article presents the issues of quality research and improvement of logistics processes in the area of distribution of one of selected industrial enterprises. The case described concerns the producer of raw chemical materials, who acts as a supplier for industrial customers. The studied company, due to dynamic changes in product demand, very often outsources the distribution of raw materials to external transport companies. This solution results in limited supervision over commissioned processes, which may lead to increased probability of customer dissatisfaction. The article presents the results of the study of the quality of logistic processes implemented or commissioned in the examined enterprise. The assessment was based on the results of the customer satisfaction survey and the results of the analysis of received complaints regarding deliveries. Analysis of the causes of complaints allowed to identify the actions necessary to improve the quality of logistics processes. This article contains, among others, the criteria for the assessment of transport service providers and a set of recommendations to reduce the risks associated with logistics processes of deliveries.

Open access

Oana Ramona Lobont, Sorana Vatavu, Oana Ramona Glont and Lavinia Daniela Mihit

Abstract

This paper analyses the influential factors which determine the differences between social and economic dimensions in the European Union. The main objective was to construct a composite indicator of the quality of government and citizens’ well-being, and rank the EU countries based on it. The dataset refers to variables specific to economic and social wellness (latest year available is 2015), focusing on both, the objective and subjective dimension of the governance and well-being. The results obtained indicate that the countries with the highest performance in terms of the quality of government and citizens’ well-being are Denmark, Sweden, Finland, followed by Austria and the Netherlands. Differences to the rest of the EU member states are based on economic and social policies, as these countries have the highest employment rates and social protection expenditures, focusing on the risks related to unemployment, social exclusion, invalidity or aging to increase citizens’ overall life satisfaction.

Open access

Tomasz Nitkiewicz, Duangthida Hussadintorn Na Ayutthaya, Pisut Koomsap, Rui M. Lima and Wichai Chattinnawat

Abstract

Managing quality of education is difficult and diversified task. Certainly, at the very center of quality assurance is experience that students and graduates get throughout their education course. One of the factors influencing these experiences are teaching methods. The objective of the paper is to assess the experience of Workplace Safety and Hygiene master program students of with regard to teaching and learning methods and Industry 4.0 readiness. The objective is realized through interpretation of the survey results that was made within MSIE4.0 project among the students of different industrial engineering master programs. Additionally, the program and courses documentation is interpreted in accordance to the ‘LOVE’ model approach to assess education experience. The sample of the survey is based on MSc students of Workplace Safety and Hygiene that are held at Częstochowa University of Technology. As the study shows, there are some drawbacks of the program with regard to immersive approach to learning and more active students engagement. The readiness to Industry 4.0 requirements is not really visible and some purposeful actions should be made in order to make the program part of activities addressing this economic and social challenge.

Open access

B. B. Arogundade and F. A. Belo

Abstract

The study examined the relationship between quality assurance and internal efficiency of primary school teachers in Ekiti State. The study was a descriptive research design of the survey type. The study population comprised all the 9,310 primary school teachers and all primary school pupils in Ekiti State while a sample of 700 teachers and 700 primary six pupils were selected through random, proportionate and stratified sampling techniques. The instruments used to collect data were questionnaire titled “Quality Assurance Questionnaire” which was answered by teachers and “Teachers Internal Efficiency Questionnaire” which was administered on the pupils. The instruments were validated with reliability coefficients of 0.78 for QAQ and 0.75 for TIEQ. The hypotheses were tested using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation and t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between quality assurance and internal efficiency of primary school teachers. It was also revealed that there was significant difference in the quality assurance measures provided in rural and urban schools. It was concluded on the basis of the findings of the study that quality assurance is an essential variable of primary school teachers’ internal efficiency. It was therefore recommended that supervising agencies of primary education should closely monitor teachers’ activities, especially those in the rural areas in order to boost their internal efficiency. It was also recommended that workshop and conferences should regularly be organized for primary school administrators, most especially those in the rural areas on the various ways through which their teachers’ activities could be monitored in order to actualize school goals.

Open access

Elżbieta Robak and Agnieszka Kwiatek

Abstract

Contemporarily, the safety of employees in the work environment is affected by many different factors. Among them, attention should be paid particularly to those that shape the psychosocial safety of employees. The aim of the article is to analyze organizational activities related to diversity management in terms of their impact on psychosocial safety of employees in the work environment. Organizational activities related to diversity management more often appear in enterprises, providing benefits from taking advantage of the various human resources. The effective diversity management is connected with building organizational culture and shaping employee relations in the area of psychosocial safety of employees in the work environment. In the first part of the article, the authors presented the issue of diversity management in relation to the psychosocial safety of employees. The second part shows the results of selected reports and studies related to diversity management in enterprises operating in Poland. Furthermore, the influence of diversity management on the psychosocial safety of employees in the work environment was demonstrated.

Open access

Jolanta Jasik-Ślęzak and Serhii Kasian

Abstract

Work in a special school as a supportive teacher of disabled children requires experience and mental resilience. The supportive teacher is exposed to a whole range of difficult behaviors of the child (i.e. psychosocial risks), including aggression, which brings many other threats with a dangerous nature (accidental). In this paper the results of research conducted among supportive teachers from one of the Polish special schools have been presented. The research contains the identification of psychosocial risks and, as a consequence, indications of ailments observed by the supportive teachers. The results of the conducted survey concern the type of threats with particular emphasis on psychosocial risks, as well as preventive activities that minimize the effects of these threats. In addition, the respondents indicated the extent of professional work on private and family life. The research tool used in this study is a questionnaire divided into three parts: hazard identification, assessment of psychosocial risks and potential effects of their occurrence, and subjective assessment of the impact of professional work on private life.

Open access

Abílio Oliveira, Sérgio Moro and Pedro Torres

Abstract

We are living in a time of huge competitiveness, where many institutions fight hard for their survival. Unemployment, exclusion, xenophobia, poverty and disrespect towards nature and our peers are causing unbearable impact to humanity. This situation is challenging us to retrieve and keep alive the true values, without any distinction of cultures, religions and ways of thinking. Only this way we can contribute to a fairer, inclusive and better society. A corporation can contribute to the employees' well-being, personal and professional fulfillment. The present study is focused in the employee turnover and how it is affected by the internal branding and the psychological contract, in a company of informatic services – in which we mainly considered its organization and human resources. So, we aimed to contribute to the understanding of: internal branding and psychological contract, and their interrelation; effects of internal branding and psychological contract in employees; the turnover (common in this company of informatics services). A questionnaire was developed to measure the internal branding and employees' psychological contract. We used several statistical techniques to analyze the data, namely, descriptive statistics analysis, factorial analysis in principal components, comparison of means and correlations among the resulting dimensions. Findings reveal low values for the internal branding and psychological contract, although, men feel slightly more satisfied with their situation than women. A positive association was found between the internal branding and the psychological contract, admitted as a possible cause of turnover. Anyway, results denote an insufficient concern of the company towards its human resources.

Open access

Ewa Jurczyk-Romanowska

Abstract

Edward T. Hall presented three aspects of the perception of space: the infra-, pre-, and microcultural dimensions. This theory is the basis of an analysis rooted in years of experience in conducting computer skills training courses for seniors. Proxemics has great importance in IT education of seniors in all three dimensions: infra-, pre-, and microcultural. In the infracultural aspect it ought to be assumed that there exist some fundamental discrepancies arising from the differences between generations. That is why it is necessary to ensure that there is a common understanding of perspectives and relations with the virtual world of the generation of teachers (Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants) and the students (Digital Foreigners, Digital Aliens) that is decisive in the effectiveness of the computer skills training courses. In the precultural aspect it is crucial to take into account the involutionary processes that condition the perception and the learning of seniors. The deteriorating hearing, eyesight, as well as the lowered acuity of other senses may lead to a number of difficulties in seniors’ computer skills training. In the microcultural aspect, in turn, what is perceived by seniors as a positive element is the social distance with the correct arrangement of classroom space which may at the same time allow the students to coarrange the learning space.

Open access

Richard Grover and Marek Walacik

Abstract

Research undertaken by the World Bank in Europe and the Central Asia Region indicates that there are four principal preconditions for introducing value-based recurrent property tax reforms: comprehensive property registration, a reliable source of data about the prices achieved in transactions, a valuation infrastructure that complies with internationally-recognized standards, and an efficient tax collection system. In spite of the arguments in favor of value-based recurrent property taxes, many countries raise revenue from recurrent property taxes using an area basis, and most countries raise relatively little revenue from recurrent property taxes. The paper has been written according to both the dogmatic-legal method and comparative method. It presents current solutions adopted in post-Soviet European countries in order to draw out recommendations and suggestions for Poland. The original reasoning for the paper is that, amongst many scientific papers concerning thorough debate of property tax systems, few have focused on post-Soviet countries and the issues that arise in transition countries. Most concern Western European or North American countries with different economies, politics, institutions, and histories to the Eastern ones. Authors of the paper believe that the article can fill the gap in discussions on the shape of the property tax system reform in Poland and the reforms carried out in Eastern Europe countries.