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Abstract

The article presents a case study of the practical use of BOST surveys to identify the most important factors in chosen enterprise. This article presents an analysis of the answers given to the question contained in the BOST questionnaire, referring to the roof of Toyota’s house. Toyota's management principles by Jeffrey Liker were pointed out, which refers to elements of Toyota’s house roof. Results of the survey were presented and the proposal to improving the processes in the enterprise. Research results were subjected to statistical analysis with a use of basic statistical parameters. It was made a correlation analysis connected with elements of the Toyota’s house roof. Evaluation structure was presented in a graphic form. Based on the survey results of carried out on the population of production workers, a series of importance areas for improvement was formulated. The aim of the analysis is to present which factors are the most important by building the significance sequences of obtained results. The results obtained for the type of small and medium-sized enterprises overlap with the results of tests verified in other enterprises.

Abstract

Faced with ever-increasing customer demands and global competition, companies are forced to look for production reserves, increase efficiency and productivity. Hence, the need to monitor the use of the machine park has arisen, making it possible to identify waste and production reserves in the implemented technological processes. The aim of the article is to evaluate the effectiveness of the production line of internal frame doors and to analyze the correctness of the use of selected key indicators of the production process effectiveness. This article proposes a response to the problems formulated in manufacturing companies, including practical aspects of the use of specific measures to assess the effectiveness of the use of technical infrastructure. The solutions presented in the article can be used in practice for improvements in production units.

Abstract

The use of cast aluminium has still increased, so have the mechanical property requirements. By casting and also in other metallurgical processes, the inclusions enter to the molten aluminium alloy and it exhibits poor ductility or toughness. It can cause a variety of problems in the manufacture of aluminium alloy castings. Therefore, the purification of the molten aluminium alloy is one of the most important processes for improving the quality of Al-products. Filters have been used for many years in order to improve the quality of castings. The inclusions in molten secondary AlSi7Mg0.3 cast were removed using depth filtration by ceramic foam filters of 20 ppi porosity. Were used 4 types of ceramic filters in 2 thicknesses (15 and 22 mm); Brinell hardness and porosity were measured. Quality of microstructure (occurrence of oxidic particles and larger non-metallic inclusions) was observed. Experimental results show that the insertion of ceramic filters into the inlet system has contributed primarily to a decrease in porosity. On the microstructure, the inclusion of filters was not significantly reflected.

Abstract

The right use of creativity and innovation in business leads to increased competitiveness and development in your company. The progressive use of modern technologies and their presence in the economy causes problems in managing these assets and defining intangible property and their protection, which is directly related to the basic processes of making important decisions in the development of the enterprise. Everyday industrial designs (most often: e.g. new packaging designs), trademarks (e.g. product names, advertising slogans, logos) and other technical solutions (utility models, recipes or inventions), which are the result of creative work in company. The lack of protection of the above intellectual (industrial) goods as a consequence often leads to the appropriation of the idea by the competition and their commercialization on the market without the participation of enterprises.

Abstract

Occupational health and safety nowadays is beginning to be seen in a multi-interdisciplinary way. Man's lifestyle also contributes to safety at work and work efficiency. The employee performs tasks at a specific place and time, however, this work is also affected by elements of private life. This paper deals with the impact of private life and lifestyle on human professional work in the areas of work safety and its efficiency. The research has been conducted on the basis of the opinions of employees.

Abstract

This article constitutes an analysis of the influence of public financial support on the process of replacement of the asbestos-cement sheets used as a roof covering for materials safe for the environment. Commonly used asbestos-cement sheets, known under the commercial name of „Eternit”, should be removed of civil structures by 2032 following a program established by the Polish state. However, the carried-out analysis indicates that until present times the products containing asbestos have been properly identified in all municipalities across Poland, and also the amount of financial support that a property owner may obtain for removal of products containing asbestos is relatively low comparing to the costs of the roofing replacement. The cost of roof covering replacement falls within the range. 18.417 – 41.232 PLN/m2, so for the roof area of 100 m2 and considering the simplest roof structure (gable roof) the cost would total between 18.417 and 41.232 PLN. Therefore the existing system of public financial support providing funds for asbestos removal only will not affect the investor’s decision regarding replacement of roof covering and increase of civil structures safety. The replacement process of dangerous Eternit roof covering is slow and most probably the established programmed will not be completed on time.

Abstract

The paper presents the impact of the initial processing, cultivar, and storage time on the physical and chemical quality of freeze-dried sweet pepper crisps. Sweet pepper after initial washing and crushing was subjected to further four combinations of the initial processing. The first combination included freezing, the second one blanching in 98°C and 2-minutes time, the third one -dehydration in 2% solution of ascorbic acid and the fourth one - dehydration in the 2% solution of sodium chlo-ride. Both types of dehydration were carried out in 70°C for 20 minutes with a 1:4 participation of raw material to osmotic solution. Blanched and dehydrated raw materials were subjected to freezing in -18°C for 24 hours. After the completed process of freezing, the samples were moved to a freezer-drier and were dried by sublimation in -18°C and the reduced pressure of 63 Pa. The research that was carried out proved that the microbiological quality of the obtained sweet pepper lyophilizes was significantly affected by the cultivar, treatment type and storage time. These factors significantly diversified the number of micro-organisms in sweet pepper crisps. No initial processing before sublimation drying caused a considerably average increase of the number of psychrophile and mesophilic bacteria in crisps from both sweet pepper cultivars. A considerable reduction of their total number took place during blanching and dehydration in the ascorbic acid solution and sodium chloride solution. Additionally, along with the storage time, reduction of the total number of psychrophilic, mesophilic bacteria, fungi and yeasts was reported.

Abstract

The paper presents the impact of the initial processing, cultivar, and storage time on the physico-chemical quality of freeze-dried crisps. Sweet pepper after initial washing and crushing was subjected to further four combinations of the initial processing. The first combination included freezing, the second one blanching in 98°C and 2-minutes time, the third one -dehydration in 2% solution of ascorbic acid and the fourth one -dehydration in 2% solution of sodium chloride. Both types of dehydration were carried out in 70°C for 20 minutes with a 1:4 participation of raw material to osmotic solution. Blanched and dehydrated raw materials were subjected to freezing in -18°C for 24 hours. After the completed process of freezing, the samples were moved to a freezer-drier and were dried by sublimation in -18°C and the reduced pressure of 63 Pa. Based on the research analyses a significant variability of physico-chemical properties of the obtained freeze-dried sweet pepper with regard to a cultivar, processing type and storage time were reported. Freeze-dried yellow sweet pepper was the most similar to the fresh raw material. It was dehydrated in the ascorbic acid solution. The storage time considerably influenced the reduction of the quality properties of sweet pepper crisps.

Abstract

The article considers international trends and directions of inclusive growth which is considered as an inclusive economic growth and is measured by heterogeneous growth indicators, as an index of inclusive development. Considering the above, was analysed the existing state of the country’s growth considering the environmental, economic, social and technological components as prerequisites for inclusive environmental management. Thus, the main focus of this article is on the formation of prerequisites for inclusive nature management in socio-economic and environmental practices and their subsequent methodological support. So segments of population prosperity means not just material consumption, but social vision formation and the institutional support creation for enables everyone to participate in the socio-economic achievements. The main gaps in the institutional support of the inclusive environmental management process are disclosed: in the social sphere: limited access to economically viable means that meet the real needs of the population in terms of health care, social assistance, basic education and awareness; in the ecological and economic sphere there is no effective and efficient management of providing the population with products that comply with the requirements of eco-certification and eco-labelling, which negatively affects the replenishment of the state budget and the promotion of the rational use of natural resources. Therefore, in order to create a favourable climate and institutional support of inclusive environmental management, in this article, will conduct a thorough analysis of the status of its components and assess the compliance of the existing conditions with current international requirements for inclusiveness. Inclusive growth requires environmental inclusion, which can be achieved through the introduction of new metrics and resource value indicators in regional development projects and programs. In doing so, measures should be developed and recommendations made to improve further planning and control.

Abstract

Social responsibility is seen as an institutional innovation, which leads to a chance of social rules. Social responsibility also stimulates other types of innovation, which could work as feedback to keep or as a strategic change of social responsibility. The strategy for improvement of quality creates opportunities to identify and to learn from those who are farther along the road to exceptionality and have improved quality or their products and services by improving their organization. The initiative to improve quality of products and services by improving the organization has to be based on clearly defined principles that help define key functions that support organization’s activities, required resources and serve as supporting tools to improve quality. For an organization to have long term and continuous success it needs to fulfill expectations of all stakeholders and as part of this we can discuss Corporate Social Responsibility – CSR. This includes behaviour of organizations that goes beyond the prescribed legislative requirements, but includes activities that benefit not only the organization itself, but also its employees and the public.