This article looks at interprofessional disagreements about how care should be provided in nursing homes for elderly people. The article shows that, while work is discussed by referring to four general principles, their prioritization remains a point of contention. This priority ranking is specific to the norms of each profession involved, which are not always compatible.
The article deals with the unequal career outcomes between women and men. The data from the graduate survey are used to investigate the effect of work-related values on career success. The Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition determines which factors can explain the gender difference. The results show that career aspirations have a more positive effect on men than on women and that a considerable proportion of the gender gap remains unexplained.
The transformation towards a functional differentiation of society and the current emergence of social media have increased the importance of reputation, because persons have become comparable and contingently addressable throughout society. We examine both social media and China’s emerging “social credit system” to determine whether and to what extent these developments point to the development of a symbolically generalized communication medium of reputation, respectively, to a social change from functional to individual differentiation.
Scientific events are rarely discussed in the formation and development of new fields of science. Using the example of the Swiss NanoConvention, it will be shown to what extent a long series of events shapes the Swiss nanosciences and is shaped by them. The convention offers the opportunity to both, present and legitimize new forms of science and research to heterogeneous publics, and to consolidate internal structures of the field. The analysis thus provides insight into the contours of nanoscience.
The opening in 2009 at the University of Lausanne of a master’s degree program marked a new stage in the history of the profession in Switzerland. With new resources, the emergence of these nurses disrupting professional relationships, both with respect to doctors as well as within the profession. After having presented the issues of making knowledge more academic and more scientific in every sense, we show some effects of this diploma, in particular the attempt of redefinition of the practical and symbolic roles to which it gives rise.
By extending the analytical perspective of Durkheim, we set a theoretical framework to examine social bonds at two levels: the attachment of individuals to each other and the attachment of individuals to society. We create statistical indicators for comparing European countries and also, on an exploratory basis, the regions of Switzerland. We can distinguish and validate four ideal types of attachment regimes (familialist, voluntarist, organicist and universalist). Furthermore, our analysis shows national and regional specificities.
Schools are under increasing pressure to prepare students for the transition to post-compulsory education and vocational training. Beyond the support of the students’ professional orientation, the focus is on students’ learning of soft skills. Based on an ethnographic study in schools of the lower secondary level, the article discusses how in school, autonomy is anticipated in school as a central requirement of the world of work. The analysed counselling interview reveals a narrowing of autonomy to the self-responsible execution of orders.
Higher education is a site of contesting visions by actors in politics, science and the economy. This article investigates imaginations of the future articulated around the introduction of data science in Swiss higher education through a qualitative analysis of study programmes, policy documents, and business reports. Universities envision data sciences mainly in reference to economic and technological concepts, which contribute to the coordination of the various actors and thus unfolds specific performative effects in the present.