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Electrodeposition of multicomponent Co–Cr–Fe–Mn–Ni alloy

Abstract

This work is focused on the initial realization of a multi-component coating deposition from the aqueous solution. The Coating composed of the elements Co-Cr-Fe-Mn-Ni was prepared by electroplating process. The chosen substrate was copper. The purpose of the work was to apply the high entropy alloy, which is defined as alloy with structure of a solid solution containing five or more elements in an approximately equal atomic ratio. The use of electrodeposition in this area is rare. The conditions of the plating process, the percentage of the metal ions and cohesion of the layers were studied. The morphology of the excluded coatings was monitored by scanning electron microscopy and their elemental composition was verified by the EDS analysis. The wear resistant features were examined approximately before and consequently also after the thermal resistance testing.

Open access
Evaluation of corrosion resistance of powder coatings after various surface chemical pre-treatment

Abstract

The surface treatment by a powder coating is one of the progressive technologies. Such coatings are resistant to corrosion and mechanical wearing. The quality of surface protection is affected primarily by a layer pre-treatment, the type of surface tretment, the system selection and the method and quality of application. Taking into account all the surface pre-tretment methods, the chemical pre-modification is a leading method. One of the methods is pre-treatment using a conversion coating which was developed on the nanotechnology basis - BONDRITE NT. That non-phosphate chemical pre-treatment is utilized at a surrounding temperature. It creates nano-ceramic protective layer on steel, zinc and aluminium surfaces, and as the result the coating has a significant adhesion. In the paper, the possibilities for the improvement of corrosion resistance of powder coatings using the subject conversion coating are presented at the current pasivation of respective surface.

Open access
The impact of produced hydrogen gas and calcium zincate on changes of porous structure of cement paste in the vicinity of hot-dip galvanized steel

Abstract

The paper summarizes the impact of produced hydrogen and calcium hydroxyzincate (Ca[Zn(OH)3]2·2H2O) on the formation of the porous structure of cement paste in the vicinity of hot-dip galvanized steel. These substances result from cathodic (hydrogen) and anodic (zincates-formed by reaction with hydroxides) corrosion reactions of hot-dip galvanized steel (or pure zinc) in the cement paste.

The cement binder pore structure was studied by means of mercury porosimetry and analysis of scanning electron microscopy and confocal microscopy images. The porosity of the cement paste at the galvanized steel / cement interphase increased as a result of galvanized steel corrosion while hydrogen was formed. Such a porous structure was maintained throughout the maturation of cement paste. Kinetics of galvanized steel corrosion related primarily to water transport through the binder. The formation of calcium zincate did not result in transition of galvanized steel from active to passive state corrosion.

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The anticorrosion properties of pigments based on molybdates and tungstates surface-modified with conducting polymers

Abstract

The objective of this work was to examine the properties of molybdate or tungstate based pigments whose surface has been coated with a conductive polymer, viz. either polyaniline phosphate (PANI) or polypyrrole phosphate (PPY), if used as pigments in organic coating materials. The anticorrosion pigments were prepared by high-temperature solid-state synthesis from the respective oxides, carbonates. The composite pigments (pigment/conductive polymer) were dispersed in a solvent-type epoxy-ester resin binder to obtain a series of paints whose anticorrosion properties were assessed by means of corrosion tests in accelerated corrosion test and by the linear polarisation method. Focus was on the anticorrosion properties of the paints depending on the pigment surface treatment, initial pigment composition, and pigment volume concentration (PVC) in the paint. The surface-treated pigment particles were expected to have a favourable effect on the anticorrosion and the mechanical properties of epoxy-ester resin based paints.

Open access
Characterization of Ni-P coating prepared via electroless deposition on AZ31 magnesium alloy

Abstract

This work deals with the characterization of Ni–P coating prepared via electroless deposition on wrought AZ31magnesium alloy. For the application of electroless deposition was proposed and optimized a suitable pretreatment process of magnesium alloy surface followed by Ni–P coating in the nickel bath. The chemical composition of Ni–P based coating was characterized using the scanning electron microscope with chemical composition analysis. Next, physico-chemical properties and mechanical characteristics of Ni–P coating were evaluated. The mechanism of corrosion degradation of the coating and the substrate was also studied in this work.

Open access
Determination corrosion rate of welded joints realised by MAG technology

Abstract

The paper deals with evaluation the corrosion characteristics of welded joints in two corrosion environments – SARS and 0.1 M NaCl solution. Welds were made by MAG technology using three protective gas mixtures - Ferroline He20C8, Ferroline C18 and Ferroline C6X1. There were realised chemical analysis of the base material and weld metal of all welded joints, Vickers hardness test of the base material, heat affected zones and weld metals, metallographic analysis of all areas of welds and measurement of base and weld metal corrosion rate in two corrosion environments. Hardness increases from the base material through the HAZ to the weld metal. The maximum difference between the hardness of the weld metal and the base material is 36 HV 0.1 - realised welds do not show a notch effect. The corrosion rate of the materials in SARS solution was higher than in the NaCl solution. The corrosion rate in weld metals of all welded joints was lower than the corrosion rate of the base material. The lowest corrosion rate in both corrosive environments showed a weld metal made using shielding gas Ferroline C18.

Open access
Evaluation of protective properties of acrylate varnishes used for conservation of historical metal artefacts

Abstract

Acrylate varnishes are due to their suitable properties frequently used in restoration and preservation on variety of historical objects and materials. Common practice of their application involves using as an adhesive agents, consolidants and protective coatings. The purpose of protective coatings especially on metal artefacts is to reduce access of pollutants to the surface of the artefact. In this paper, coatings prepared from two acrylate polymers Paraloid B72 and Paraloid B48N are compared in terms of permeability for water and level of protective properties against air pollutants. For this purpose, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and resistometric method were chosen for analysis of the coatings. Obtained results show lower permeability for water in case of Paraloid B72. However, same coating provided lower protection against air pollutants than Paraloid B48N coating.

Open access
A self-destroying mechanism generated when functional parameters of paint system layers are improved in a non-suitable manner

Abstract

Increasing the functional parameters of coating composition-based protective coatings is a strongly emerging trend. However, there are some limits to the increasing of utility parameters of protective coatings – always where such parameters are opposite to the basic property, which is corrosion protection. The presented study describes a case of a premature failure in the corrosion protection secured by a duplex system that occurred after the paint system had been enriched with an anti-sliding property.

Open access
Analysis of the galvanised steel sheets resistance to corrosion after plastic deformation

Abstract

Nowadays, number of customer and environmental requirements are laid to the automotive industry. These are related to safety increase, the weight and emission reduction as well as the life-time improvement. The article presents the way to improve the corrosion resistance of the car-body components when coated steel sheets are used based on Zn-Al-Mg coatings. Thus, the life-time of the car-body is improved. Samples with conventional Zn coating and samples with advanced Zn-Al-Mg coatings were deformed by stretching and 3-point bending to 90° and 180° tests. Consequently, the samples were exposed to salt spray in the corrosion chamber. Time to red corrosion appearance and adequate percentage of corroded surface was evaluated. The results showed the better corrosion protection of Zn-Al-Mg coatings when compared to the conventional Zn coating.

Open access
Corrosion behavior of wrought magnesium alloys AZ31 and AZ61 in Hank’s solution

Abstract

Corrosion behavior of wrought magnesium alloys AZ31 and AZ61 was studied in Hank’s solution. Potentiodynamic curves measured after short-term of exposure showed higher corrosion resistance of AZ31 magnesium alloy in comparison with AZ61 magnesium alloy. On the contrary, long-term tests measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed higher corrosion resistance of AZ61 magnesium alloy in comparison with AZ31 magnesium alloy.

Open access