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Revisiting the Importance of Distance in Transnational Family Lives:
How and why Danish migrant parents transmit ‘Danishness’ to their children settled in Australia

Abstract

In recent years, a body of research has aimed to ‘de-demonise’ distance in transnational family lives, arguing that transnational families compensate for physical co-presence with other means of caring and ‘being there’ for each other, particularly by way of new information and communication technologies (ICTs). Although many researchers claim to study transnational families, they mostly study the relationships between ageing parents in ‘home’ countries and the migrant son or daughter overseas. In this article, I propose to broaden that scope to include generations further apart too. In analysing how and why Danish migrant parents work to transmit their Danish culture and language to their children settled in Australia, I argue that geographical distance continues to matter, not least to the relationships between grandparents and grandchildren separated by this distance but also due to the complicated relationship between migrants and parents which is fostered by separation.

Open access
How Does Place Matter to Highly Skilled Migrants?
Work/non-work experiences of international physicians in Norway and Sweden

Abstract

The article tackles the question of how place matters to migrant physicians in the regions of Agder in Norway and Skåne in Sweden by exploring how place-specific conditions affect their experiences in the work, private, family and social domains of life. For this purpose, the article uses thematic analysis of the narrative material gathered through 25 semi-structured interviews. The lens of work/non-work domains, combined with a practice-oriented approach to place, highlights the complexity of lived experiences as they evolve in a particular context. Three main findings are identified: the non-homogenous significance of place across life domains, the vital role of transborder connections and obligations that affect individual and family resources for work/non-work negotiations in the place of settlement and the limits to the skill-based privileges in the place of settlement, which are notable in the domain of work but not replicated in non-work domains.

Open access
Analysis of Happiness in EU Countries Using the Multi-Model Classification based on Models of Symbolic Data

Abstract

The results of happiness analysis are presented in the form of a World Happiness Report that covers 156 countries and 17 different indicators. In the article model-based clustering ensemble is built to determine what selected European countries have similar patterns of happiness. The results are analyzed using multidimensional scaling and a decision tree to find out what factors determine cluster memberships. In the empirical part, three clusters were detected The first contains countries: Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. They have the highest values for all the variables, except the negative affect. The second cluster contains seven countries: Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. This cluster is also the most homogeneous one. The third cluster contains eight countries: Cyprus, the Czech Republic, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain.

Open access
Book Reviews
Open access
Constituting Immigrant Care Workers through Gendering and Racialising Practices in Education

Abstract

The focus of this paper is to examine how immigrants become constituted as ideal care workers in educational settings. By analysing the everyday practices in two educational contexts in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Finland, the authors explore how these practices that are influenced by the national and transnational immigration and integration policy, regardless of their well-meant actions, can gender and racialise students with immigrant status.

Open access
Dual Citizenship in an Era of Securitisation:
The Case of Denmark

Abstract

This article uses the case of Denmark to critically discuss key assumptions in the theoretical literature on dual citizenship. When Denmark surprisingly accepted dual citizenship in 2015, the decision reflected two distinct lines of argument: first, accepting dual citizenship would allow Danes living abroad to keep their Danish citizenship; second, because it is considered illegitimate to make people stateless, allowing dual citizenship would simultaneously allow for citizenship revocation of dual citizens who engage in or support acts of terror. This rationale stands in striking contrast to how dual citizenship has been previously theorised. The gradual acceptance of dual citizenship in Western countries since the early 1990s has been seen either as a symptom of a post-national era or as a pragmatic adjustment to the transnational realities of international migration. By contrast, the case of Denmark shows that dual citizenship may serve as a lever to protect the political community of the nation-state from terrorism and, as such, function as a tool of securitisation.

Open access
Editorial
Open access
Forecasting the Sales of Console Games for the Italian Market

Abstract

In videogames industry, time series analysis can be very useful in determining the general evolution and behaviour of the market dynamics. These methods are applicable to any time series forecasting problem, regardless of the application sector. This article discusses time series approaches to forecast the sales of console games for the Italian market. In particular two univariate techniques were evaluated, exponential smoothing and the SARIMA technique. The aim is to exploit the capabilities of these statistical methods in order to have a comparison of the results and to choose the most accurate model through an ex-post evaluation. Using monthly time-series data from November 2005 to September 2017, the selection of the most suitable model was indicated by the smallest value of the measures of accuracy (MAPE, sMAPE, RMSE) for the out-of-sample observations regarding the period October 2017-September 2018. The implementation of the models was done using Forecast PRO and Gretl. The time series involved is related to the sales regarding the first party manufacturers of consoles and handhelds (Microsoft, Sony and Nintendo).

Open access
Graphical Tools of Discrete Longitudinal Data Presentation in R

Abstract

Good graphical presentation of data is useful during the whole analysis process from the first glimpse into the data to the model fitting and presentation of results. The most popular way of longitudinal data presentation are separate (for each wave, in cross-sectional dimension) comparisons of figures. However, plotting the data over time is useful in suggesting appropriate modeling techniques to deal with the heterogeneity observed in the trajectories. The main aim of this paper is to present the changing perceptions of the financial situation in Poland using different graphical tools for the heterogonous discrete longitudinal data sets and present demographics features for those changes. We will focus on the most important features of the categorical longitudinal data – category sequences and their graphical presentation. We aim to characterize the analyzed sequences on the basis of unidimensional indicators and composite complexity measures, as well as using mainly TraMineR [Gabadinho et al. 2017] package of R.

Open access
The Hazard Function and Its Role in a Non-Parametric Duration Analysis of Enterprises in the Łódzkie Voivodeship

Abstract

In a duration analysis of enterprises, as a rule there are determined four basic functions related to the time of their duration, i.e.: the density function; the distribution function; the survival function, and the hazard function. It turns out that the hazard function and its cumulative version are the key to understanding modern survival analysis. The aim of the paper is to indicate the best method of the estimation of the values of individual functions in survival analysis based on other functions. The paper provides compiled and classified information on particular functions used in the non-parametric duration analysis of enterprises. It examines some theoretical and practical problems related to the determination of, among others, the hazard function and the cumulative hazard function on the basis of data in cohort tables and the results of the estimation of the survival function with the use of the Kaplan-Meier method. The considerations included in the paper are illustrated with the results of analyses for enterprises established in the Łódzkie Voivodeship in 2001-2015 (including those which went into liquidation).

Open access