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Open access

Thomas Turner

Abstract

Drawing on the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS), this paper examines changes in the proportion of people aged over 50, active in the Irish labour market from 1998 to 2014. Results indicate that an increasing number of workers over 50 remain active, due mainly to the dramatic increase in the proportion of older females remaining in the labour force. By 2014 the 50 to 64 age group accounted for a quarter of all economically active people in the labour market between 15 and 64. Older workers are more likely to be employees and less likely to be employers or self-employed in 2014 compared to 1998. Older workers in lower-level occupations, particularly over the age of 60, are more likely to remain economically active. Level of education is strongly associated with the likelihood of older workers remaining economically active, particularly for the 50-59 age group and for females. .

Open access

Lorraine Ryan and Joseph Wallace

Abstract

This paper examines the conditions under which annual hours (AH) are likely to succeed or fail and the role of workplace partnership in delivering mutual gains. We explore two case studies, in one company with a positive experience and in a second where AH were regarded as a failed initiative. The case studies are constructed from interviews with trade union and management representatives in the companies involved; from secondary sources and from a worker survey. The findings echo previous research that AH can deliver mutual gains in both the presence and absence of workplace partnership (Author and Author, 2016) and that delivery of real mutual gains is the key driver of the long term viability of AH. However, the balance of mutual gains is subject to change and is strongly influenced by structural factors determining the suitability of AH to the particular enterprise.

Open access

Thomas Joseph McCabe and Sally Anne Sambrook

Abstract

This study explores the effects of New Public Management (NPM) on trust amongst nursing professionals, nurses and nurse ward managers within the British National Health Service (NHS). Thirty-nine nurses and nurse ward managers, recruited randomly, participated in semi-structured interviews. The original data, collected in 2000-2002, are re-analysed from a discourse analysis perspective. The findings support and extend contemporary research. They show that nurses have a strong professional identity and commitment and that increasing managerialism is eroding trust. Nurses both accommodate and resist managerialist discourses. They conceptualise trust in terms of their own ward environment, line-manager and colleagues. Trust is reciprocal and related to previous experiences and other factors. Trust is beneficial to healthcare organisations, healthcare professionals and their patients. Good communication and openness positively influence the development of trust. Nurse ward managers play a pivotal role in translating contested managerialist discourse into nursing practice to sustain trust and effect professional patient care.

Open access

Martin Čepel

Abstract

A stable, prosperous and competitive economic system in every developed country requires a high-quality business environment in the SME sector. The quality of the business environment is a key factor in the economic development of countries, as it is of a great importance for the growth of the economy´s competitiveness and also for its future and sustainable economic growth. The aim of the article was to quantify the significant social and cultural factors creating the quality of the business environment in the SME segment and to compare their importance in the Czech and Slovak Republic. Within the context of the stated aim of the research, questionnaire survey was carried out among the enterprises operating in the SME segment. Within the research, 312 companies in the CR and 320 companies in Slovakia were addressed. The Z-score method was used to verify the established scientific hypotheses. The research has brought up some interesting results. The research results point to a significant finding that the entrepreneurs in both countries have experienced a relatively low public and political acceptance. On the other hand, the entrepreneurs stated that the family environment motivates them to do business and helps them with their entrepreneurial activities. The assessing of the media impact on the business is quite negative in both countries. Entrepreneurs have largely thought that the media misrepresent doing business in general and do not help to shape the business environment, e.g. through the presentation of business success stories. More than the two-thirds of entrepreneurs in both countries have agreed that the doing business´ advantages outweigh the disadvantages. This research has some limitations, but is has brought interesting findings and a potential inspiration for further research to explore the issue of the quality of the business environment of SMEs.

Open access

Ho Thanh Tri, Vo Thi Nga and Juraj Sipko

Abstract

This study focuses on the impact of empowering leadership and challenges work environment on both sale employee’s creativity and innovative work behavior in the Vietnamese banking industry. An empirical test, a structural equation model comprising a sample of 319 sale employees in 15 banks, indicates a strong relationship between sales staff creativity and innovative work behavior. Moreover, the findings indicate that both an empowering leadership and a challenging work environment can trigger sale employees’ creativity. Finally, innovative work behavior has a positive impact on innovative output. In general, this study contributes with some suggestions for bank managers to identify appropriate methods in order to stimulate the creativity and innovative work behavior of employees with the objective of achieving strong and sustainable business performance.

Open access

Ionuț Mişa and Meral Kagitci

Abstract

The efficiency of the Romanian tax administration has as a main purpose the maximization of the public revenues in order to support the expenses necessary for the good functioning of the state and the achievement of the budgetary balance. Public finance policy is a priority component of the overall policy of a state, manifested in the field of distribution and encompassing all the effective methods and means of procurement and directing of financial resources and the instruments, institutions and regulations in the field in order to influence the economic processes and the existing social relations at a time in an economy.

Open access

Adrian Tanţău and Ileana Gavrilescu

Abstract

The purchase of an electric vehicle has become a widely debated topic by the economic community in recent years. However, few personal automobile users, who purchased new cars, have chosen a fully electric vehicle. The novelty of this research came from the assumption that there is a lack of knowledge in this field and fuelled by contradicting information. Potential electric vehicle buyers have developed a real psychosis on the subject, the most consistent motives being among others the charge anxiety. Many researchers consider that the worries of the vehicle users are exaggerated and are not based on reality. Better documentation of the subject would reduce these fears and would increase the process of electrical vehicles absorption. The main objective of this article is to analyse the main anxiety factors by buying an electric vehicle and to reduce the related anxiety. For this purpose, the authors have performed an econometric analysis based on a questionnaire distributed online and face to face in Romania.

Open access

Georgios Lampropoulos, Kerstin Siakas and Theofylaktos Anastasiadis

Abstract

Due to successive technological advancements, developments and innovations, the global industrial landscape has drastically transformed over the last years. The fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) aims at transforming traditional industries into intelligent ones by incorporating innovative technologies. Industry 4.0 enables physical assets to be integrated into intertwined digital and physical processes thus creating smart factories and intelligent manufacturing environments. Internet of Things (IoT) is a rapidly growing technology that has drastically contributed to the Industry 4.0 realization. IoT pursues to pervade our everyday environment and its objects, linking the physical to the digital world and allowing people and “things” to be connected anytime, anywhere, with anything and anyone ideally using any network and service. IoT is regarded as a dynamic and global network of interconnected “things” uniquely addressable, based on standard and interoperable communication protocols and with self-configuring capabilities. Despite still being at an early development, adoption and implementation stage, Industry 4.0 and IoT can provide a multitude of contemporary solutions, applications and services. Hence, they can improve life quality and yield significant personal, professional and economic opportunities and benefits in the near future. This study scrutinizes IoT in the Industry 4.0 context. More specifically, it presents related studies, describes the IoT concept and explores some of the numerous IoT application domains. Moreover, it presents and analyzes the concept of Industry 4.0 and the benefits it offers as well as the relevant key technologies (e.g. industrial internet of things (IIoT), cyber-physical systems (CPSs), cloud computing, big data and advanced data analytics). Furthermore, it describes the concept of intelligent manufacturing and highlights the main IoT and Industry 4.0 challenges and open research issues. Finally, the need for innovation in the industrial domain and the impact and benefits that IoT and Industry 4.0 provide to everyday life and industries is described.

Open access

Zahid Zamir

Abstract

The Knowledge Management (KM) has been defined as performing activites in discovering, capturing, sharing and applying knowledge in a more effective and effieicnt way. This study looks at only two such processes namely: capruring and sharing knowledge and their sub-processes. The purpose of this study is to conduct exploratory research to investigate the extent to which the sub-processes of knowledge capture and knowledge sharing of knowledge management impact the employee learning, adaptability, Job satisfaction and intention to stay on the job. This research was conducted using a purposive sample from financial services firms in Bangladesh. The sample consisted of 254 respondents from 23 different branches of eight commercial banks drawing from all levels of employees in the organizational hierarchy. The partial least squares (PLS) approach using Smart PLS has been used to test both the measurement and structural models. The findings of this study confirm that it is not the KM processes rather the sub-processes of KM process that can positively impact on employees' outcomes. This study involved self-administrated questionnaires and was open to all levels of staff and measured perceptions of the employees as opposed to actual behavior. This study suggests that employees' learning and adaptability depend on the usability and comfortability of the knowledge management initiatives undertaken by the management. Practitioners may employ the same experimental method using the instruments developed for this study to analyze the impact of the subprocesses of knowledge capture and knowledge sharing on employee outcomes. This study contributes to the existing literature of knowledge management that how the sub-processes of knowledge capture and knowledge sharing motivate employees to learn and adapt and how learning and adaptability contribute to job satisfaction and staying intention.

Open access

Antonio Clim and Răzvan Daniel Zota

Abstract

The Game Theory model provides revolutionary grounds for tackling problems in an optimal manner by considering various constraints and conditions. This research paper proposes a novel idea of monitoring, diagnosis and treatment of hypertension using game theory model using systematic review methodology. The theoretical framework for designing software called Hypertension Management System (HMS) is proposed using underlying principles of game theory by considering patients and doctors as players. The system is installed in the smartphones of players and its functioning follows the hierarchy of Big Data mining and extraction. The theoretical framework of HMS starts from data sensing through physical sensors, proceeds along layers for data processing and reduction, and finally arrives at the decision-making step to assist doctors in the treatment of disease. This novel system will reduce the mortality due to chronic diseases like hypertension by enabling game patients and doctors to deal with its symptoms in a timely manner according to feedback from previous data.