In this work, five maize hybrids were analyzed in terms of productivity elements (number of rows of grains on the cob, mass of 1000 grains, yield in grains, production per hectare) cultivated in the pedoclimatic conditions offered by Targoviste’s Plain.
The analyzed hybrids were Caussade, Clariti, KWS Kamelias, KWS Kinemas, Pioneer P0017, KWS 2376, hybrids of FAO 320-390 precocity group. The Pioneer P0017 hybrid was chosen as a control variant because of the frequent cultivation in the area.
The study was conducted during the agricultural year 2017 in Băleni, Dâmboviţa County. The results obtained highlighted values between 14 and 18 rows of grains on the cob, the mass of 1000 grains presented values between 332.7 and 435.7 grams, and the yield in grains 87.16 and 89.9%. Regarding the production of grains per hectare, the analyzed hybrids achieved high levels of this parameter, namely from 9590 to 12846 kg of grains / hectare.
The purpose of the paper is to thoroughly understand the soil cover in the Moroeni commune, Dâmboviţa County, in order to establish the best measures for its protection, improvement and judicious use.
The paper was drafted on the basis of data gathered in three research stages:
• the investigation and documentation stage, which took place at the end of the academic year 2016-2017;
• the stage of the field, which took place in the summer of 2017, when we made direct observations (on the spot) in the studied area, we made sketches, photographs;
• the processing and interpretation stage of the cartographic material, which took place during the academic year 2017-2018.
In the paper are presented the pedogenic factors and processes that contributed to the formation of the soil cover in the studied territory, as well, there are described both morphologically and in terms of physicochemical analyzes the classes and types of soils that have been identified on the field. It also presents the main categories of use in the studied territory and the measures for the protection and improvement of soils in order to increase their fertility.
In the current context, food safety crises often have a direct impact on the health of the European population. Such moments bring chaos and confusion among the population, about food consumption, food systems, the ethics of businesses involved in the agri-food chain, or about guaranteeing their consumers’ rights.
Although the level of consumer information has increased in recent years, there is a need for a uniform approach to all topics of interest to them, from quality, cost, authenticity, maintenance of food safety, to contaminants and fraud.
Choosing a diet generates multiple effects on the quality of human life. Europeans are concerned about how food products are produced and consumed and which are the short and long-term effects, with attention being shifted from providing sufficient food. However, food consumption patterns of European citizens often have negative health consequences, endangering the future and making it necessary to change the way we feed and consume them. From farms to restaurants, we need to redefine the assumed concept of adequate nutrition in the 21st century: sustainable diets from sustainable food systems.
Străteanu Amalia-Gianina, Simona Nicoleta Stan and Laurenţiu Ciornei
Education, in general, and environmental education, in special, is salvation and future of mankind, contributing by reorientation and interdisciplinarity of education to strengthening in values, behavior and lifestyles required for sustainable future development. The ecological and economic implications of better use of information on sustainable resource management lead to the development of perspectives, knowledge and skills that are so vital to environmental education (life skills education). Unfortunately, environmental criminality has reached fourth place in the category of illicit activities at the international level. Therefore, detailed knowledge of the relationship between economic fundaments, society and the environment is strictly necessary in order to understand the values that we want to reach, the effect on performance for identifying and promoting quality criteria. These criteria help the development of a toolkit and techniques needed to increase competences and creativity, in the context of opportunities, challenges and barriers imposed by environmental security. Public health, without an adequate living environment, cannot exist and for this reason, a global effort is mandatory to raise awareness and education of the population to fight against environmental crime on our planet.
Current and future challenges, the efficiency of food systems resources, induced by the impact of biodiversity loss and degradation, in general and agro-forestry biodiversity, in special, are crucial and contribute concretely to ensuring human and animal welfare and health, with direct implications for quality of life. Social responsibility is the attribute of every member of the civil society and every member of the knowledge society, to protect the food resources that are so necessary for the evolution of the present and future generations. Responsible social approaches need to be incorporated into day-to-day decisions from all decision levels because they have a dynamic character with real involvement in practice. We have an obligation to preserve the ecological balance, and so fairly fragile, but from the desire to accumulate benefits in the short term, we endanger the productivity and efficiency of the food system. For people belonging to poor and vulnerable groups, local biodiversity ensures the functioning of ecosystems and the provision of goods and services that are so necessary to unfold a healthy life, representing a social safety net with direct implications in the process of sustainable development.
The contrastive analysis of the lexical and semantic traits of the adjective phraseology from the Romanian and English languages was made on the basis of notions presenting different qualities of man, such as good and bad generally speaking but also with regard to man’s attitude towards the environment and the man created environmental issues. The contrastive analysis has demonstrated that the phrasal systems of the Romanian and English languages generally have both common x and specific features. Their knowledge allows for a deeper understanding of these two languages.
White bean is one of the mayor legumes, which covers a wide surface in planting structure. High yields are closely related to the right regionalization of this crop and the implementation of agrotechnical provisions.
One of the most important agrotechnical issue is: to determine the optimal number of plants in regard to the distance between rows and the distance of plants in a row.
Depending on the morphological differences of beans, the number of plants per unit of surface should change. In order to determine this optimal number, it is necessary to experiment different plant varieties with an average number of 250-400 thousand plants / ha.
The study was carried out by experimenting two autochthonous varieties Eҫmeniku and Trenare (they were evaluated as the best varieties in Korça District among 5 experimented varieties.)
The study aims to identify the influence of the plant number and planting method on the production results.
For this purpose, we studied the varieties with a distance of 5-12 cm between plants in a row (distance between rows 60 cm), with a number of about 50,000 plants per hectare.
We used two planting methods, that of individual planting of beans and the bouquet planting where the beans are placed 2 by 2.
We draw respective conclusions based on experimental results calculated according to the three-factorial statistical analysis.
Nicolae Cărătuș, Livia Vidu and Gheorghe Emil Mărginean
In the paper we analyzed the situation of animal breeding in the center region and the evolution of the Romanian Spotted breed. In 2017 there were included in the Official Production Control a number of 130.765 cows of the Romanian Spotted breed cows. A program of improvement of the breed towards the two productions, milk and meat was established.
Conservative systems are based on less intense soil loosening, carried out by different methods, without turning the furrow and only in the conditions of keeping a certain amount of vegetal residues at the soil surface; for that reasons are therefore considered to be ecological protection strategies. For this study the parcel of 118.78 ha was divided into two plots of 59.39 ha each. On the first plot (P1) the conventional soil works system was used, while on the second plot (P2) was used the system of minimum soil works. The methodology used was to analyze, synthesize and calculation of fuel consumption. Following the application of soil conservation systems, many benefits have been identified: - the time with soil tillage is reduced at 2-4 times;-the fuel consumption per unit area is reduced by 40-50%;- the number of agricultural machinery at the surface unit is reduced;-soil structure is rebuilt and surface and depth compaction is reduced;- the organic matter content from the soil is increased;- soil permeability for water is increased and global soil drainage is improved;
In Romania, the living environment of salmonids is the mountainous and pre-mountainous waters, the alpine lakes and the reservoirs built on mountain rivers. Improving living conditions of salmonids involves work on stabilizing mountain water courses, regulating their flow, reducing the transport of alluviums. Salmoniculture includes concerns about artificial growth and amelioration of Salmonidae populations in special resorts called trout. The researches were carried out at SC Cascada Laur SRL Moroeni, a specialized breeding farm. Having a land with very poor agricultural potential, but conducive to the development of an aquaculture activity, on the Ialomita River, in 2007, the company decided to build a farm for the breeding and breeding of trout. The technical documentation has been carried out and the infrastructure of this economic unit has begun.The pond basins have a wooden trunk shape with dimensions of: 4.00 x 20m - 3 pools; 3.25 x 9.70m - 4 pools; 12.80mx 2 m - 1 pool and a pool of 12.00 x 6.00m. The main features of the buildings: - Soil basin (trowel), trout for breeding and fattening of the trout, waste water basin, incubation micro station, filter. Economic growth of salmonids: a viable alternative to protecting the natural resources of the planet; an important source of animal protein, easily digestible; have a determining role in maintaining human health; efficient valorization of feed; obtaining constant productions throughout the year; low crop areas, high growth densities, exploitation from the piscicultural point of mountain accumulation lakes and impassable land for agriculture; reduced expenses with the staff employed; meeting the demanding tastes of consumers.