The paper deals with the documentation of the current political protests and demonstrations in the context of the museum’s work and the material culture. It focuses on the documentation of the political banners used in demonstrations and the preservation of the selected banners as part of a museum collection. It further outlines the possibilities of using a political banner as a source of information on political protests, which take place in the physical public space: more specifically, information on the statements, claims and attitudes of the demonstrators; the iconography of the protest; the identity of the demonstrators as well as the links between them and their hierarchy.
Even though the tramping subculture forms a part of Czech society for nearly a century, it only gained the attention of the museums and other memory institutions, aside from some exceptions, over the last three decades. The paper examines both previous research on the history and on the present status of the tramping movement in the Czech and Slovak Republics, and the general theoretical and methodological problems it raises. These include, among others, assessing the importance of individual tramping groups defined locally, socially and by generation; the fragmentary makeup of sources resulting predominantly from the private nature of the tramping and, finally, choosing the appropriate methods when documenting and archiving findings. It focuses, furthermore, on ethical problems of such a research and assesses the blurred boundaries between tramping and other forms of grouping or staying outdoors. The present paper is based on the experience of documenting the tramping movement in the Ethnographic Department of the National Museum and within the grant project of the Department of Czech History in the Faculty of Arts of Charles University.
Kavka Tomáš and Jitka Gelnarová
The present paper focuses on the documentation of the present and recent history of the Czech sport and physical education through the example of the Department of the Physical Education and Sport History at the National Museum. Apart from The Olympic Studies and Information Centre it is the only institution on the territory of the Czech lands which systematically preserves the history of this field of human activity on a long term basis. Unlike in the past it faces a number of difficulties which limit the documentation of this area of study. In spite of this inconvenience in many cases it is still possible to preserve the present of the Czech sport and physical education both from a general perspective and in terms of specific sport branches.
The study focuses on the theoretical and practical questions related to the possibilities and limits of the documentation of the present and recent history of the Czech sport and physical education. It also analyses the problems of the “present” in sports: how it is perceived, defined and its problematization in relation to a field, which is, given its nature and link to social changes, relatively young.
The following text reflects on the research project implemented by the Theatre Department of the National Museum within the framework of contemporary collecting (documentation of the present). It presents both the concept and the starting point of the project and describes its practical implementation. The paper further analyses practical and theoretical issues and problems that have arisen during the two-year implementation of the project; it deals with specific examples of collected material – its types and relevance, the way it was archived, processed and used. Rather than presenting a final complex methodology, the article presents the first steps made during its creation; it points out the difficulties of the project and reflects the future potential of the documentation.
The present paper focuses on countryside life after the collectivization of agriculture and on the changes of the work processes there during the so-called normalization (1969–1987). It is based on narrative interviews with the then Czechoslovak agriculture workers conducted through the method of oral history. The research examines everyday life in the countryside through the memories of the interviewed. Their memories recorded through the method of oral history are treated here as an important historical resource for researchers in Modern History.
Marie Haškovcová, Monika Holoubková, Jaroslav Kvasnica and Markéta Hrdličková
Since human knowledge has become today an intrinsic part of the online space, an important question has emerged in relation to its preservation for future generations. Given that electronic documents hold the contemporary cultural heritage, the web archives, which seek to collect and store data on a long-term basis, are an irreplaceable source of information for studying the recent past. There is an international debate about how to make accessible the archived web pages and how to use them.
The present paper outlines various approaches to the acquisition and archiving of the Czech web sources, and further on draws attention both on the possibility of data accessibility within Czech legislation in the digital archive of Czech web resources administered by the Czech National Library and to problems related to the provision of metadata.
It examines the role of a curator in relation to electronic resources acquisition and the significance of topic collections containing data which are structured based on predetermined parameters to larger logical units. The article strives to summarize current knowledge and points out some possible approaches to web resources archiving.