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Open access

Călin Ciobotari

Abstract

This study intends to check how much Romanian performances of the last two decades owe to tradition and what is, nonetheless, contemporary in the ‘contemporary performance’. The study takes into consideration the shows produced in the public theatres, the ones which provide the overwhelming majority of the Romanian theatrical production.

Open access

Tamer Kutluca, Murat Yalman and Ali Tum

Abstract

As interactive whiteboards have been used recently in secondary schools for sustainability, this study on use of interactive whiteboards is considered to be very important in terms of knowing the effects of interactive whiteboards on mathematics lessons, determining the perspectives of teachers as users of the system and increasing the efficiency of the attempts related to the use of interactive whiteboards. In this respect, the purpose of the study was to investigate the use of interactive whiteboard in teaching mathematics for sustainability and to examine its effects on the role of teachers. The qualitative research approach was adopted in the study as it tried to conduct a deep analysis of a situation. The study was conducted with eight secondary school mathematics teachers working in the province of Adiyaman in Turkey. The research data were collected using a semi-structured interview form developed by the researchers. Each interview lasted in a period of time ranging from 8 to 14 minutes. The data collected in the study were analyzed using descriptive analysis with a qualitative approach. In the study, the data were interpreted considering the following themes: “The changes created by interactive whiteboards in the process of teaching mathematics”, “The facilities provided by the system for mathematics teachers”, “The effects of using interactive whiteboards in teaching mathematics on the role of teachers”, “The preparations for using interactive whiteboards in teaching mathematics” and “Use of computer software with interactive whiteboards in teaching mathematics”. The results obtained in the study revealed that the teachers were not sufficiently informed or directed regarding the use of whiteboards in teaching mathematics or provided with in-service training support which they needed in relation to the use of interactive whiteboards especially in teaching mathematics. Current role of teachers existing in accordance with the constructivist educational approach has not changed with the use of interactive whiteboards in teaching mathematics, but this role has only become stronger. Furthermore, it was found that interactive whiteboards in mathematics classes are generally used for mathematical exercises.

Open access

Ulrich Kerscher

Abstract

Plastic, plastic waste and marine litter indisputably is one of the key environmental issues of the 21st century. The already existing amount of accumulated marine litter, the high quantity of plastic waste escaping from waste management streams every year in combination with the low recycling rates for plastic and the missing awareness of the consumer for sustainable consumption pose a permanent threat to the ecosystem, biodiversity and human health. What is more, as economic and ecological interests strongly deviate from each other, the transformation of this status quo towards a more sustainable future will take place very slowly. Against this background, this paper will shortly outline the multitude of problems connected to plastic products throughout a productís lifecycle and introduce the idea of a circular economy. On this basis, the paper will critically analyze the strategy papers and the ongoing legislation of the EU introduced to solve these problems and to realize the transformation process of the EU-economy towards a circular economy from a sustainable development point of view. On the one hand, awareness raising is one main strategy of the EU to achieve this transformation, on the other hand, educational institutions are not specifically mentioned by the EU. In order to address this shortcoming, the paper will constitute the teaching principle global development politics / education for sustainable development as one measure to increase consumersí awareness and sustainable consumption. In general, this paper will proof that the topical area plastics can fruitfully be implemented at German schools for primary and secondary education in order to strengthen the education for sustainable development.

Open access

Menekşe Eskici

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine sustainable learning levels of students. The study also attempted to determine sustainable learning levels of students based on gender and grade. The participants of the study consisted of 742 high school students (354 females and 388 males) in various high schools in Babaeski district of Kırklareli, Turkey during the 2017–2018 academic year. In order to collect data, a scale with two subscales – behavioural and cognitive – was developed. The data were analysed through SPSS 17, and arithmetic mean, standard deviation, t-test and one-way analysis of variance (One Way Anova) were used. According to the results of the study, it is concluded that sustainable learning level of the high school students is moderate. The study also found a significant variation in favour of the female students in “learning for development” subdimension on the cognitive subscale of the scale.

Open access

Michal Šimáně

Abstract

The topic of this study is the issue of Czech primary minority schools (ISCED 1) in the period of interwar Czechoslovakia. The specific objective is to describe the development of these type of schools as an example of the sustainability process of Czech education and erudition in general in the border areas of the interwar Czechoslovak state; in other words in the areas, which were inhabited predominantly by the German-speaking population. The research is based on the study of archival sources kept mainly in the Archive of the City of Ústí nad Labem and National Archives in Prague as well as on the study of contemporary legislation. The study brings, among other things, a unique view on the process of disseminating and maintaining Czech education through establishing Czech minority schools in the linguistically heterogeneous areas of the Czechoslovak state. It also indicates the importance of this process in the context of the development of Czechoslovak education system after the year 1945.

Open access

Laima Geikina and Dace Balode

Abstract

This article is part of broader research on “The Interrelationship of Theology and Praxis in the Context of Sustainable Intercultural and Interreligious Dialogue”1 in which we explore two essential concepts: sustainability and interreligious dialogue. We have narrowed this broader topic to study how facilitation of students’ spirituality in theology study programmes develops an environment for sustainability of interdenominational/interreligious dialogue. We provide a theoretical glimpse into research from theology, pedagogy, and spirituality. Our future research process will be based on our findings. One of the current challenges is globalization, which coincides with diversification of cultural norms and moral values. The sustainability provision for our home – Earth – suggests new ways to achieve common solutions, not only economically (prosperity) and politically (peace and stability), but also religiously (justice and solidarity) in terms of current changes. But, looking deeper, theology is searching for new definitions for traditional concepts such as “my neighbour”, “creation”, and “community of believers”. Bert Roebben states that the Christian community (and the global community as a whole) needs to find means to “grow in a common humanity” (Roebben, 2018). In this article, we reflect on how a spiritual approach can be methodologically integrated into theology studies to promote spiritual growth and establish sustainable interreligious dialogue: What type of theology should create the foundation of theology study programmes to promote students’ spirituality as a prerequisite for sustainability? How does spirituality promote sustainability of interdenominational/interreligious dialogue? Research methodology combines hermeneutic insights on conditions for sustainability of interdenominational/interreligious dialogue, its theological foundations, spiritual practice as a pedagogical basis, and the possibility for implementing sustainable dialogue support mechanisms in theology study programmes. Theology study programmes that promote student spirituality develop an environment for sustainable interdenominational/interreligious dialogue.

Open access

Iuliana Nistor Muşetescu

Abstract

In the present material, I intend to bring light to somehow marginal elements that form the process of preparing a theatre show. These elements are not present in the show but they critically support it. I have also thought of recalling the importance of each detail which is related to theatre as an institution, starting with the entry into the building, the lobby in which the spectators are welcome and ending with the seconds at the end of the show and the first applauses. I didn’t intent to insist in the sphere of the analysis of the scenic arts by themselves (actor performance, music, dance, scenography and so on), but I wanted to present a redefinition of the attitude towards these marginal elements that support the show. Exactly in the same manner in which the secondary characters increase the value of action and, also, in the theatre there are a lot of people that work hard but, from time to time, their efforts are forgotten. In order for theatre to be a therapy for the souls, it is necessary that every cell that forms the artistic performance contain the premises of the healing.

Open access

Vlastimil Růžička

Abstract

Over the last several decades the traditional role of universities in their unique mission in education and research changed to include also the so-called third mission consisting in their active involvement in the socio-economic development of the society. Publicly available data from annual economic report of Czech public universities were analysed to demonstrate the universities´ ability to raise funding from off-budgetary sources which belongs to main characteristics of entrepreneurial university. Off-budgetary sources, where revenues for internal services prevailed, made in 2016 around 16 % of the total income of Czech public universities. The off-budgetary sources include in particular charges for accommodation and board, fees for entrance exam, tuition fees for students that exceed the standard length of studies by more than one year, and tuition fees for studies in a foreign language. The last fees make up to three quarters of all offbudgetary sources at universities that offer studies at medical faculties. The universities´ ability to execute the third role was due to limited availability of data accessed only partially by analysing revenues from knowledge transfer in supplementary activities that involve contractual research, income from licences, educational courses on demand, consultations and counselling. Contractual research in supplementary activities was the most important among the listed activities making up to 8 % of all off-budgetary sources revenues. In international comparison the Czech public universities raise about one half of revenues for R&D from entrepreneurial sources than EU-28 average and only one third compared to German universities. Revenues from license agreements are low making around 0.1 % of all revenues for R&D.

Open access

Kittiya Sathithada and Poschanan Niramitchainont

Abstract

E-leadership has not been thoroughly explored, especially in Thai higher educational institutions. This study was conducted in a scenario planning workshop with 20 participants who were administrators, lecturers, staff members, and stakeholders of both Thai public and private higher educational institutions. The aim of this research was to develop the scenarios for Thai higher educational institution leaders to use E-leadership in 2027. The three scenarios for educational leaders to use E-leadership were developed for future Thai higher educational institutions and were e-leaders and international collaborations; e-leaders, innovation and sustainable environment; and e-leaders and the current situation. The scenarios were developed using STEEP analysis. The social aspect includes the phenomenon of youth called “digital natives”, increased individual learning and society of learning, generation gap, well-educated employees, and an aging society. The technological aspect is acclimatizing to the need of users, advancing technology and innovation, technology being everywhere, and competition within technology development. The economic aspect considers increase in oil prices, investment in university, increasing numbers of cross-institutions, and rapid economic growth in ASEAN. The environmental aspect considers global warming, climate change, and redesigns learning space. Lastly, the political aspect considers government policies in education and improved environmental governance. It does not only benefit higher education, but also schools or any organization that could apply this sustainable education research to develop human resources for the future.

Open access

Adrian Strâmtu

Abstract

The following article attempts a discussion concerning the issue of creativity in the context of artistic approaches, by taking into consideration the central concepts: creative personality, creative process, and creative product/ creative performance. Our analysis is based on two questions that concern the extent to which we can speak of flexibility and creativity in contemporary artistic activities. Our conclusion is that creative artistic activities are not disorderly/ unorganised, they are realised according to artistic rules and principles that relate to the forms of expression that can be used in creative artistic approaches. Furthermore, in the context of the cultural hybridization phenomenon, the merging of the traditional with the postmodern allows the manifestation of cultural and artistic diversity, as well as the revaluation, redefinition and update of the traditional forms of expression and of cultural forms in a creative manner, by means of a creative exploitation of their spectacular artistic potential.