A 21-year-old female patient with abdominal pain, vomiting and constipation was admitted to the hospital with the possible diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. Due to increased abdominal pain and constipation the patient underwent a surgery with the diagnosis of ileus. However, no pathological findings were found in the abdominal organs apart from serous fluid in the abdominal cavity. The patient became hypertensive, tachycardic and had an episode of seizures postoperatively. Neurological manifestations with unexplained abdominal pain indicated a diagnosis of acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). Acute intermittent porphyria diagnosis is based on elevated urinary δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and porphobilinogen (PBG) levels as well as hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS) IVS13-2 A>G heterozygous mutation. Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) gene mutations were not confirmed. Porphyria should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with recurrent abdominal pain, neurological symptoms and lack of FMF gene polymorphism.