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Abstract

Heroes play a role in every nation's founding narrative, embodying a group's strength and courage, its dedication to protecting all within its fold, and its most important traditions and promises. Yet hero images and tropes have not received the attention they deserve in the social science literature on nations and nationalism. Recent theories of character work – the rhetorical construction of heroes, villains, victims, and minions – reveal the challenges of building an inclusive nationalism in post-colonial states. We engage the debates over some of Namibia's most prominent and contested heroes through the memorials dedicated to them and the commemorations honoring victims of past struggles. We study the victims that these heroes sought to defend and trace the process by which victims become heroes of endurance. The Namibian state has, after its recent independence, constructed a memorial to fallen heroes, Heroes Acre, and an Independence Memorial Museum. Alongside these state-sanctioned memorial sites, a range of citizens have sought to honor and defend their own heroes. By honoring different heroes, they have defined alternative understandings of the nation. We also demonstrate the power of victims in mobilizing present day campaigns for justice and reparations. In Namibia, as elsewhere, greater attention to victims could shift the balance of political power. This article demonstrates how a focus on struggles over the legitimacy of particular heroes and victims can provide unanticipated insights into the study of divided nationalism.

Abstract

Does increasing immigration change the nature of language politics in a party system underpinned by ethnic valence strategies? This paper utilizes qualitative data to illustrate the manner in which debates on linguistic pluralism have become enmeshed in the politics of ethnic defense in Northern Ireland. It will be shown that language politics in this context is driven by the powerful pull of bi-national considerations. This is despite the fact that migrant languages have become increasingly common in the territory. The research provides insight into the manner in which ethnically defined parties have engaged with multicultural diversity, in the context of increasing immigration. It is shown that Sinn Féin representatives largely ignore discussions about wider language diversity, preferring to focus on narratives related to Gaelic. The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) tends to utilize the broadened range of minority languages as a shield to repel nationalist demands for greater state support for Gaelic programs. The analysis of this evidence suggests that ethnically defined parties are ill-suited to the demands of a multicultural society and immigration-generated diversity.

Abstract

In der deutschsprachigen Forschungslandschaft bildet sich derzeit eine kulturwissenschaftliche Pflanzenforschung (Plant Studies) heraus, die auf den neueren Untersuchungen der Botanik und Philosophie zu Pflanzen fußt und die theoretischen Grundlagen mit denen des Ecocriticism und der Animal Studies teilt. Zentrale Strömungen und aktuelle Tendenzen werden ebenso vorgestellt, wie auch der aktuelle Forschungsstand mit dem Fokus auf der kulturwissenschaftlichen Germanistik.

Abstract

Der Beitrag analysiert das breite Echo, dass das Mauerfall-Jubiläum in der französischen Presse fand. Es handelt sich um eine Untersuchung von über hundert Artikeln, die in Frankreich um den 9. November in den, laut Auflistung der ACPM, bedeutendsten Tages- und Wochenzeitungen erschienen. Die herausgearbeiteten Thematiken behandeln die Darstellung und Interpretation des historischen Ereignisses in Frankreich, die Frage nach der Erinnerung und Vergangenheitsbewältigung der DDR, die veränderte Erinnerungsperspektive anlässlich des 30. Jahrestags, die Bedeutung des Mauerfalls für die heutige Disparität zwischen dem Osten und dem Westen Deutschlands, den Zusammenhang zwischen 1989 und der europäischen Entwicklung und die Debatte über das Ende der Geschichte und der Ideologien. Die Untersuchung der französischen Presse zeigt die fortdauernde Bedeutung des Mauerfalls in den Debatten über Deutschland und Europa, wobei sich der Blick nunmehr auf das Ereignis außerhalb der deutschen Grenzen richtet, so dass sich das jetzige Mauerfall-Gedenken von der vorherigen Euphorie unterscheidet.

Abstract

The study follows the archetype - prototype - stereotype path in the evolution of the plastic model, in order to capture the organic connection between these notions specific to iconic language. The chronology is reversed to capture a contemporary stereotype of advertising images, as a result of an apparent form of expression of female emancipation: the erotic objectification of man. Far from being just „trendy”, the visual motif has a whole history that deserves to be pointed out as the different approaches always reflect the spirit of that era.

Abstract

During the 2016 presidential election debates, Donald Trump became the subject of a guerrilla campaign initiated by the anarchist group Indicline, through which five grotesque nude statues of the Republican candidate were installed in various cities in the United States. The message was not accidental considering that nude photos of Melania Trump from the beginning of her modelling career were re-published simultaneously. Through aesthetic antithesis, the image of the naked body was supposed to stigmatize the couple in public perception, starting from an artificial reality created in the everyday landscape, but which had to become viral in the online environment.