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Călin Ciobotari

Abstract

This study intends to check how much Romanian performances of the last two decades owe to tradition and what is, nonetheless, contemporary in the ‘contemporary performance’. The study takes into consideration the shows produced in the public theatres, the ones which provide the overwhelming majority of the Romanian theatrical production.

Open access

Iuliana Nistor Muşetescu

Abstract

In the present material, I intend to bring light to somehow marginal elements that form the process of preparing a theatre show. These elements are not present in the show but they critically support it. I have also thought of recalling the importance of each detail which is related to theatre as an institution, starting with the entry into the building, the lobby in which the spectators are welcome and ending with the seconds at the end of the show and the first applauses. I didn’t intent to insist in the sphere of the analysis of the scenic arts by themselves (actor performance, music, dance, scenography and so on), but I wanted to present a redefinition of the attitude towards these marginal elements that support the show. Exactly in the same manner in which the secondary characters increase the value of action and, also, in the theatre there are a lot of people that work hard but, from time to time, their efforts are forgotten. In order for theatre to be a therapy for the souls, it is necessary that every cell that forms the artistic performance contain the premises of the healing.

Open access

Temidayo Gabriel Apata

Abstract

China has pursued a sustainable path of development in line with reality for four decades. Economic restructuring started in its vast rural areas, focusing on reforms targeting income increase for rural farmers. These radical sustainable policies that China’s political leaders imbibed were not embraced by Nigeria’s past leaders and these resulted in the bane of underdevelopment. The study examines the level and composition of the drivers of public-spending policy mechanisms that contribute to gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the agricultural sector in China and Nigeria and draws up a model of Chinese development for Nigeria. Secondary data was used and were sourced from FAOSTAT and International Monetary Fund’s Government-Finance Statistics (various issues) from 1970–2016. Random-effects model results revealed that the policy of public-expenditure (PUEXP) and intervention (INTEV) variables were significant but negative, while enterprise-development (ENTDEV), drivers of development (DRIVERS) and Dummy D1t (modest public-expenditure access) were significant and positive for Nigeria. Three variables were significant and positive. The dummies D1t and D2t (macro-economic stability) were positive and significant for China. Public-expenditure and GDP growth has an inverse relationship in Nigeria, but a direct relationship in China. In Nigeria, PUEXP coefficient is ˗0.6810 and 0.8902 for China. Hence, macro-economic stability, enhanced market mechanisms and economic progress resulted in China and hereby lessons are drawn for Nigeria. Public leaders are responsible for governing the market in a manner that induces businesses to produce public value. However, if public-policy mechanisms are not well-designed to fit the economy’s needs it could significantly influence the economy in a negative way, and the society bears the costs.

Open access

Adrian Strâmtu

Abstract

The following article attempts a discussion concerning the issue of creativity in the context of artistic approaches, by taking into consideration the central concepts: creative personality, creative process, and creative product/ creative performance. Our analysis is based on two questions that concern the extent to which we can speak of flexibility and creativity in contemporary artistic activities. Our conclusion is that creative artistic activities are not disorderly/ unorganised, they are realised according to artistic rules and principles that relate to the forms of expression that can be used in creative artistic approaches. Furthermore, in the context of the cultural hybridization phenomenon, the merging of the traditional with the postmodern allows the manifestation of cultural and artistic diversity, as well as the revaluation, redefinition and update of the traditional forms of expression and of cultural forms in a creative manner, by means of a creative exploitation of their spectacular artistic potential.

Open access

Renata Valerievna Oplakanskaia, Lyudmila Alekseevna Osmuk, Anastasia Pogorelskaya and Inna Pomorina

Abstract

The paper examines the role of universities in city development under the Triple Helix model through case studies of Russian and British cities. The cases of Bristol and Sheffield illustrate that the implementation of the Triple Helix model can be achieved through different approaches. In Bristol, universities reached beyond their campuses to create a ground for cooperation with partners. In Sheffield, there was a platform for interaction with partners using the brand of a top university. Meanwhile, the examples of Tomsk and Novosibirsk provide some evidence for the growing importance of universities in the innovative urban economy. The comparative analysis provides recommendations for Russian universities, whose application of the Triple Helix model is prevented by the lack of experience in developing an effective marketing strategy and weak interactions between research and enterprises.

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Cristi Avram

Abstract

The road from the theatre text towards the opera performance is an attempt to essentialize words which unravel in order to ease the communication between the characters and the playwrights’ message. This endeavor is very difficult, as the play which stands at the root of the libretto already operates with an essentialization. Anyhow, the libretto cannot have the length of a play, but appends a musical dimension to the production. These things apply to Pelléas And Mélisande by Claude Debussy, built on the same text written by Maurice Maeterlinck. This article, although oriented towards an operatic retrospective of the year 2018 of the great musical stages of the world, also follows this libretto’s journey on these stages. Furthermore, 2018 marks the centenary of Claude Dubussy’s death.

Open access

Agnieszka Szczepańska and Katarzyna Pietrzyk

Abstract

Centrally located public spaces, such as old towns, are an important feature of historic towns. They are often the most characteristic and representative element of a town that brings together members of the local community, plays various sociological and social roles and promotes direct interactions between the users of space. Only high-quality public spaces can effectively fulfil their role. The aim of this study was to analyse spatial order in public spaces on the example of the Old Town district of Morąg in North-Eastern Poland. The quality of public spaces was analysed with the use of a self-designed method, a field inventory and a questionnaire survey involving 100 members of the local community who were asked to evaluate the quality of public spaces in the town. The results of the comparison were used to identify public spaces that require revitalisation. The study demonstrates that spatial order directly influences the quality of public spaces. Our findings indicate that multidimensional analyses of spatial order and opinion surveys provide valuable inputs and should be included in studies evaluating the quality of public spaces.

Open access

Cristina Todi

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between performing arts, the multidisciplinary aspect of them, thereafter seeking to address a few similarities and differences in approaching a live performance. The confluence between ballet, theatre and opera is obvious and a brief overview of the main interlaced stages in the development of performing arts will also prove that they have always been related and dependant on one another. Every performing art crosses its boundaries and not only does it explore issues or topics specific to the other arts, but it also uses their tools. Thus, this article integrates a few contemporary tendencies of intersection in performing arts, mainly the pervasive presence of ballet and theatre. Subsequently, in considering live performance, the impact on the audience is also assessed, as well as the harmony of perception created between the performer and the public.

Further on, the paradigm development in performing arts is determined due to the augmenting of the new technological tools being used. The aim of using these tools is to create special effects that emphasize the quality of the performance. In addition to a comprehensive influence, this article explains how contemporary social and political changes, scientific and technological progress have determined more changes in the performing arts than they had in the previous centuries.

Open access

Anca Doina Ciobotaru and Alice Florentin

Abstract

The academic polemics I’ve been having with Alice Florentin, my Doctoral student, regarding the ideal method for training acting/choreography students, necessary for them to approach dance theatre, brought us (once more) to the shadows of the demons that surrounded Teibele (and us too, perhaps), the contrasts of Salome’s world, the fascination of The Tropical Tree, the turmoil of the Love Stories, the unrest and fears haunting The Cherry Orchard and… the inventory of emotions could go on (beyond them, any approach would be useless). We wondered: “What is the secret? How does Alexander Hausvater succeed in determining the actors he works with to search/discover the giant within, to renounce their crippling fears and the numbness of the everyday? What are the steps the actors take to find themselves?” We knew some things about the (probably defining) periods of physical and vocal training, but we wanted to find out… the truth. Caught in the cage of the rigours of academic research, we dared and tried.

Open access

Sílvia Sousa

Abstract

Traditional planning practice, in its essence, usually pursues urban growth, and is more comfortable dealing with population increase and other growth dynamics than with population decline and what ensues. The main goal of this article is to assess local planning attitudes in Portugal towards demographic change, and in particular towards population decrease, in terms of housing development. In order to do so, a comparative content analysis of municipal director plans (PDM) – Planos Diretores Municipais – of the fourteen Portuguese cities that shrank prevalently and persistently across both conjoining periods 1991– 2001–2011 was completed using a simple matrix of analysis. The qualitative analysis of the regulations of these PDMs showed that aspects of population decrease and shrinkage in relation to housing development are gradually entering local planning practice, though there is not yet an overall intelligible strategy. In Portugal, demographic change and housing development are only just starting to come together in local spatial planning.