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Piotr Kuryło, Joanna Cyganiuk, Adam Idzikowski, Dariusz Michalski and Anna Sobczyńska-Linke

Abstract

To consider the optimization of the supply chain, a company operating in the cosmetics and hygiene industry was selected. It is a typical production company with foreign capital, working on entrusted material which entirely belongs to the parent company. The company management, purchasing and sales department are located at the parent company, the Polish branch is entrusted only with production and direct distribution of finished goods. The purpose of the work is to present the applied logistic solutions, characterize and analyse the existing supply chain and to propose actions to optimize currently used methods.

Open access

Leszek Kiełtyka

Abstract

The paper stresses the importance of trainings in the scope of Health and Safety, in this H&S management in the functioning H&S systems of contemporary enterprises. The author also presents the principles of training, including H&S training, considering: demonstrativeness, accessibility, awareness of social responsibility, regularity, knowledge durability and binary relations between theory and practice.

The underlying objective of the paper is to present training methods in the scope of Health and Safety. These methods have been aggregated in two groups: explanatory methods and activating methods. Referring to the research conducted within the European programme Leonardo da Vinci „H&S management system in enterprise – introductory module” the author has summarised the criteria for selecting teaching methods with regard to: goals and content of training process, diversification of participants in training groups in the scope of H&S, skills of the trainer and organisational conditions. Moreover, training methods in the scope of H&S have been aggregated, being highly adjusted and reflecting actual professional activities – carried out activities and potential threats that occur at the work post, in the enterprises of training participants. These methods have been characterised considering the following aspects: learning goals, educational resources, organisational conditions and examples of pursued contents.

Open access

Joanna Fabiś-Domagała, Hassan Momeni, Mariusz Domagała and Grzegorz Filo

Abstract

Preventive methods are important group of methods used in the process of design and which are known as quality design methods. The aim of these methods is identification of potential failures and cause-and-effect relationships in consistent and systematic way, and then taking appropriate preventive or corrective actions. The well-known examples of preventive methods also used for modelling and analysis of the criticality (risk) factor are FMEA analysis and FTA analysis. A matrix FMEA analysis method has been presented and discussed in the work. The basic assumptions related to this method were characterized and algorithms for each stages of analysis have been presented. It has been presented practical application of FMEA method on example of selected components of hydraulic system.

Open access

Agata Krukowska-Miler

Abstract

The main goal of this publication is to show the areas where patients and marketing activities of health care organizations overlap. It shows regulations which ensure safety of a patient, and presents a path model for supporting patients in case some regularities stemming from the above mentioned contact points arise.

Open access

Marek Krynke and Alan Vaško

Abstract

The article analyzes of the load capacity of the rotation mechanism of the boom arm sub-assembly for a self-propelled crane. The uneven flexibility of systems supporting structures of the machine was taken into account in the identification of the load. The consideration are illustrated by the example slewing bearing from self-propelled crane. FEM method was used for calculations. The basic problems of construction of numerical model were discussed. Sample calculations of bearing carrying capacity has been done taking into account flexibility of bearings supporting structures, which also allowed to define the internal load distribution in the bearing. On example of the supporting structure of the mobile crane DST 5050 the internal load distribution in the crane bearing at different positions of the crane machine body were defined. During the rotation of the crane body priority angels were indicated. It has been shown that the deformations of the supporting frames are so large that they significantly change the distribution of forces transmitted by the individual bearing rollers.

Open access

Katarzyna Kapustka, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar and Gerhard Ziegmann

Abstract

The rare earth elements (REE) are vital to innovation technologies and society and are important for the industry, especially for high-tech solutions. In the modern world, anumerous applications have been developed using rare earth elements (REE), implying human exposures and raising unclear questions as to REE-associated health effects. Protecting the environment and public health from disadvantageous actions of rare earth elements mining and processing as emerging pollutants is urgently desired to achieve sustainable development. All activities in mining processes like extraction, separation and after recycling of REE elements could create rick to human health and environment. In the paper the role of management in safety aspects during mining and processing of rare earth elements has been highlighted. In the paper, the potential dangerous and damaging effects on the environment and human health have been identified - the potential risk in the processing as well as the possibilities of preventing the occurrence of hazards have been analyzed.

Open access

Agata Kielesińska and Miroslav Pristavka

Abstract

In paper, the issues and the essence of labor protection in relation to EU and national legal standards in the field of machine safety have been presented. In the elaboration also, the requirements and selected issues of machine safety management in the sphere of their construction, production, distribution and operation have been defined. But above all, the general principles of hazard assessment and the technical measures applied to improve the safety of machines during their use have been presented.

Open access

Józef Flizikowski, Andrzej Tomporowski, Robert Kasner, Adam Mroziński and Weronika Kruszelnicka

Abstract

The work describes the components of efficiency in the form of energy, economic and ecological benefits and outlays in the life cycle, i.e. construction and operation of machinery, equipment and power systems, on the example of wind farms and the most important models useful in designing their construction and operation for increasing system safety in three areas: environment, technical system, and human health. Technical conditions (ideas, constructions and processes) necessary to increase the benefits and / or reduce energy, economic and ecological expenditure of the operation and the prospects for effective development of the global, European and national wind energy market are characterized. A preliminary analysis of the relations of operators, workpieces, live and artificial objects of the 2-MW wind farm environment was carried out, for the possibility of increasing the benefits and reduction of outlays as a result of compensating for the destructiveness of the system, the environment and man.

Open access

Agata Mesjasz-Lech

Abstract

The safety of a logistics system is understood as ensuring (to a certain level) the implementation of operational logistics processes in any entity, under specific conditions, by using favourable circumstances, taking business challenges, reducing risk, uncertainty and preventing all kinds of threats to logistics activities.

The relevant determinant of the management of logistics system safety is appropriate infrastructure which enables the implementation of logistic processes and guarantees their effectiveness and efficiency. The infrastructure determines logistics performance measured by the logistics performance index (LPI). The aim of the article is to identify the logistics system safety measures in a macro approach and to determine the impact of logistic efficiency on the management of logistics system safety.

Open access

Robert Kucęba

Abstract

The underlying objective of the paper is to indicate pro-environmental awareness level in micro and small enterprises and its influence on this sector’s activity in the context of environmental management. The author has introduced a taxonomy of pro-environmental awareness and also pro-environmental security, pro-environmental culture and pro-environmental ethics. Heterogeneous pro-environmental attitudes of units/entities (including business entities) have been aggregated in the paper, in the context of their transformation from a passive towards active attitude. The elaborated levels of pro-environmental awareness growth have been summarised in a chronological grasp, which constituted the subject of the research with reference to the subject matter of the paper defined in its title. The author has also justified the selection of the research subject – micro and small enterprises, which are a source of surface contamination (local one), but not always perceived as beneficiaries of the natural environment.

With reference to the adopted subject of the research the author has made an attempt to evaluate the pro-environmental awareness of the purposefully selected population of micro and small enterprises. Maturity level of their pro-environmental awareness has also been evaluated according to the adopted scale described and explained in the theoretical part of the paper, which is a narrow part of the conducted research and an attempt to answer the question: What is the maturity level of pro-environmental awareness in micro and small enterprises and is it reflected in their green activity in the conducted business activity?