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Open access

Alice Boateng

Abstract

Artisanal Small Scale Mining with its environmental, social, economic, and health impacts, is replacing agriculture as the main economic activity in sub-Saharan Africa. Mining activities have therefore become an economic activity in the rural mining areas, as a quick way to escape poverty. This exploratory qualitative study examines the factors behind the prevalence of women in the pit business, washing muddy sand for particles of gold, in the Atiwa district of Ghana. However, not much is known about the impact of the pit work on the women’s wellbeing. The goal is to understand the lived experiences of the women and explore ways they could be assisted. Findings from the study indicate that poverty, lack of economic opportunities, and unattractive rural poverty alleviation strategies have contributed to the plight of these women. The women could benefit from asset-based interventions that could redirect their work to projects that would enhance their livelihoods.

Open access

Olieta Polo and Manjola Sulaj

Abstract

In this article we will highlight some of the most important literary sections of the newspaper “Η φωνή της Ομόνοιας” (“The voice of Omonia”), published in Albania during 1991 - 2012, where are published works of artistic literature belonging mostly to the Ethnic Greek Minority writers in Albania but also works of the Albanian writers and those of the world literature. We will widely focus in the poems and stories published in the newspaper, bringing concrete titles that had their artistic and aesthetic values, and also in the weaknesses that derived from the ideological limitations of the time they were published and by the lack of professionalism from the majority of the writers. Despite the weaknesses, these works further enriched the tradition and culture of the Ethnic Greek Minority with their values, and as such deserve to take their place in the literary criticism studies.

Open access

Gazmira Birce and Esat Demo

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to discover the way of speaking of pupils of elementary education, their linguistic behaviour, their speech, writing and speaking. The study aims to find the slinguistic factors that affect the pupils′ way of speaking, but also to find the other factors such as social factors which affect or limit the student’s speech. The participants in the study are the pupils of elementary school, particularly the pupils of fourth and fifth grades, to study their speech, the factors that affect it and if they speak according to the standard language. The study is conducted with the pupils of the fourth grade of “Dino Ismaili” school, because there is where we both work. We also conducted a conversation with the pupils to see their way of speaking and expression of thoughts. We also filled in some questionnaires in three schools of the city of Fier. The methods that we used are a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, we used surveys and questionnires. The data of the study revealed that the factors that affect the speech are: age, gender, ethnic group, social background, family and two social factors such as social economic group and the parent’s level of education. Other factors are book reading, TV and other children programs, conversation with peers and parents etc.

Open access

Alois Nzembe

Abstract

Educator morale has been a focus of educational leaders and managers throughout the world, because without educator motivation and morale the learning and teaching in our schools would be grossly compromised. It is against this background that this research was carried out to find out lecturers’ perceptions of leadership traits which promote motivation in a Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) college in South Africa. The research questions which guided this research were as follows: What are lecturers′ perceptions of leadership traits which promote motivation in an educational and training institution in South Africa? How can educational leaders and management in South Africa integrate their experiences and practices with what educators believe are the main drivers of high lecturer morale? A qualitative study was used to generate data that would be useful in answering the research questions. The nature of this qualitative study required in-depth interviews with participants where qualitative data was generated and interpreted. The researcher saw it fit to use in-depth interviews because this method of data generation would enable the researcher to capture the perspectives, views and opinions of participants about leadership traits which facilitate motivation in the South African TVET College in particular and the South African education system in general. The views of the participants showed that leadership traits such as accountability, responsibility, empathy, decisiveness, assertiveness, charisma, pro-activeness, motivation and communication are the life-blood, foundation and bed-rock of effective leadership and management in the TVET College.

Open access

Edlira Llazo and Elton Noti

Abstract

Albanian agriculture and especially the albanian farmer are experiencing a difficult situation with the ability to compete in the market.Albanian agriculture is a very important sector of the economy but with little contribution in the economic growth, due to a misorientation in the market of the albanian production. This study aims to adress some concerns and to open a discussion linked to the use of labelling as an instrument that would orient the albanian agriculture to a product with an added value and to make the albanian product a competitor even for the global market, based on the wide literature and on the experience of the more developed countires also referring to primary data.

Open access

Jonida Naska

Abstract

The aim of this one year study was to assess the interaction between physicians and patients with neurological chronic diseases in public Health Care Settings in Albania. We randomly selected 25 neurologists who are employed at UHC “Mother Teresa” using short semi-structured interviews during 2015-2016. Twelve Female (mean age 37) and thirteen male (mean age 41) were interviewed. The individuals interviewed have worked an average of 14 years as neurologist in Service of Neurology, UHC “Mother Teresa’. In this study, we used qualitative methodology to better evaluate the opinion of physicians about the main concerns related to communication with patients suffering from chronic diseases. In Albania the interaction between physicians and patients is underestimated and the lack of confidence of patients for efficient communication in public health care constitutes the main findings of the all studies conducted in Albania from 1995-2017. This study showed that the social and economic characteristics of the patient directly affect the communication. Traditional norms determine the central role of the doctor in treating the patient's illness in Albania. All patients report many obstacles and a bureaucratic system that makes it difficult to meet a specialist doctor at the Service of Neurology, University Hospital Center “Mother Teresa” in Albania.

Open access

Ryan Miller, Harrison Schwarz and Ismael S. Talke

Abstract

Popularity trends of the NFL and NBA are fun and interesting for casual fans while also of critical importance for advertisers and businesses with an interest in the sports leagues. Sports leagues have clear and distinct seasons and these have a major impact on when each league is most popular. To measure the popularity of each league, we used search data from Google Trends that gives real-time and historical data on the relative popularity of search words. By using search volume to measure popularity, the times of year, a sport is popular relative to its season can be explained. It is also possible to forecast how sport leagues are trending relative to each other. We compared and discussed three different univariate models both theoretically and empirically: the trend plus seasonality regression, Holt- Winters Multiplicative (HWMM), and Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA) models to determine the popularity trends. For each league, the six forecasting performance measures used in this study indicated HWMM gave the most accurate predictions.

Open access

Dominador L. Pagliawan

Abstract

Writing research and other academic papers considered to be technical requires formal style and usage of a language. Moreover, it demands a serious tone and, as such, it does not allow jokes, expressions, and creative or artistic nuances contrary to informal essays and feature articles. Far from being entertaining, then, technical papers, to include research works, have been branded as something boring to read, hence their limited readership in contrast, again, to feature-penned reading materials. Rather than reject an academic paper submission of a college student sampling a deviant style, or feature in particular, this inquiry made use of his paper as an instrument for a case study. Using a qualitative, textual analysis method, this study examined his work in view of feature writing techniques to determine the extent of its departure from formal style, and to weigh its entertainment value that could arouse interest and promote ease of reading. The results indicate a breakthrough in academic paper writing which could make research-based articles more entertaining to read.

Open access

Fatemeh Modaresi Asem, Farah Lotfi Kashani and Shahram Vaziri

Abstract

Marriage conflicts lead to reduction of marriage, health and the healthy relationship with children. The side-effects of dissatisfaction with mental and physical health of spouses and children show the necessity of marriage interactions improvement and codification of various plans. This research attempts to present new results by investigating the effectiveness of four-factor therapy: the effect of therapy, therapy hope and expectation, increasing awareness, and ordered-behavior in marriage conflicts. This research is a semi-experimental based on the research type, 26 people were selected randomly among 40 people who were volunteering to take part in the therapy group and they were distributed into two groups experiment and control. The people who were in the experiment group experience than 2-hour sessions of group tetrahedron psychotherapy and the 54-questions questionnaire of marriage conflicts were applied in both groups as a pre-test and post-test questionnaire. Multi-variable covariance analysis was deployed in order to analyze the data. The data showed the significant difference between the scores of experimental group and control group and these results show the effectiveness of four-factor psychotherapy as an effective approach for reducing marriage conflicts and for improvement of couples′ relationships. The four-factor components of therapy can be effective on reducing marriage conflicts separately. Actually, this approach creates a relationship therapy (the hope creation in relationship improvement) and by this method the couple get noticed of their problem and understand how to modify their behavior and subsequently how to organize it.

Open access

Tayo Omoniyi and Gisanrin Gbenga

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of three instructional elements on achievement in computer-based mathematics instructions. The subjects were senior secondary school students who used four versions of computer-based instructions developed on compact disc to learn about volume of solid shapes. The four versions of the programme were (1) a full version that had the three instructional elements (2) a version without objective (3) a version without practice (4) a version without examples. Results indicated that the full package, which included objective, practice and examples, had significant effect on students′ achievement in the computer-based mathematics instructions. Furthermore, of the three elements, practice, had the most effect on the learners′ achievement. Implications of the findings on development of computer-based instructions are also discussed.