A deep approach to learning is essential for student academic achievement and several studies demonstrate a significant association between such an approach to learning and student academic performance. However, findings from some empirical studies in this domain are inconsistent and the main objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of application of the Biggs (2001) Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) for the diagnosis and monitoring of teacherstudent approaches to learning. Also, the aim of this study was to examine the association of the different approaches to learning with student reading habits and literacy skills. The sample included 202 undergraduate teacher education students. The study found that both, male and female students at the year of study have similar deep and surface approaches to learning. This initial evaluation of the R-SPQ-2F indicates that the questionnaire has acceptable internal consistency and is a promising short instrument for the diagnosis of student teachers′ deep and surface approaches to learning. Results are discussed with reference to a procedure that combines qualitative and quantitative data to increase the diagnostic validity of student learning approaches. Based on the findings of this study, it seems that the R-SPQ-2F scale can be used as a reliable instrument that can help educators diagnose and encourage the development of student teacher approaches to learning, that is a significant contributing factor to their academic performance and teaching practice.
Saidatul Akmar Zainal Abidin, Asiah Hj Jamil and Normah Abdullah
This paper reports the significance of an internship experience which is intended to assist students to obtain jobs as soon as they graduate. It also discusses some of the reasons graduates fail to obtain jobs after graduation. Feedback from employers (from place of internship) via questionnaires and interviews was analysed to gain insight into what employers expect from graduates, how the graduates performed during the internship and what is expected of them in the future. One of the common problems cited by stakeholders/employers is graduates do not have the necessary skills to perform certain jobs. It was discovered that employers expect the graduates to posses a high communicative ability, to be well motivated, to have positive attitude, willingness to learn and interpersonal skills. In addition, some of these future graduates were found to be lacking in commitment, perseverence and knowledge of office etiquette. This paper highlights the crucial role that internship plays in ensuring that graduates secure employment after graduation. Internships greatly increase the chances that a student will gain full time employment after graduation. Reports often reveal that while prospective employers have specific expectations of the interns and that some are willing to provide training, they are confronted with issues relating to candidates’ language proficiency and their competence in a number of soft skills.
This documents aims to study the progress of the development of two operational structures, it MFIs and SMEs in our country. In this context, this research analyzed the progress and development financial institutions (MFIs) and their impact on the promotion and development of SMEs in Albania. Through performance evaluation of leading MFIs operating in our country, it is examining the potential opportunity and the role they play in increasing the profitability of SME's. The financial industry is considered more important seeing that they contribute to the economic development of the country. As MFIs seek self ongoing funding would successfully realize their business, they should be very careful in the administration of resources through evaluation of financial activity indicators. Analysis of the financial statements of MFIs regulated by special laws and supervised by the Bank of Albania. Analysis of financial and economic indicators of an MFI done through an analysis known as CAMEL reports. CAMEL reports are used as a more efficient decision-making tool for assessing the performance of financial institutions to anticipate the future and their risk. To realize the full information required CAMEL evaluation of data from financial statements, information on operational activity, etc. macroeconomic information. MFIs develop internal and accounting procedures and internal control mechanisms to identify, record and monitor all potential exposure to them. Bank of Albania, in case of failure to meet its obligations and requirements apply supervisory measures, preventive and punitive provided by law. Seen under this perspective, we must qualify for MFIs that have taken in the study are faced restrictions on their financial statements. So with the data available we will try to estimate the financial reports for each IMF review (FED Invest SCA, BESA Found, NOA, Vision Fund Albania, and FAF) and the total system of MFIs in Albania. These results are generated through an empirical analysis of IMFs in Albania and broke the are-consistent with the theory.
The purpose of this A-B subject research design was to investigate the efficacy of video self-modeling with video feedback using an iPad to promote social initiation skills in a young child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It was hypothesized that the participant would increase social initiations toward peers in an inclusive preschool classroom by viewing a video of himself performing four targeted behaviors. The participant’s paraprofessional and his early childhood special educator implemented the intervention and provided feedback on his performance. Findings of this case study revealed improvements in the four targeted behaviors: approaching, greeting, inviting, and interacting with a peer. As a result of the intervention, the participant demonstrated generalization of target behaviors across settings, peers, items, and activities. In addition, the target behaviors were maintained one month after the intervention was withdrawn. Social validity results from the participant’s parents as well as his paraprofessional and teachers supported efficacy of the intervention.
This study investigated the relationship of locus of control in career decision making. To guide the study, three hypotheses were formulated. The study employed an expost facto design specifically of a descriptive survey type. One hundred and twenty male and female secondary school students were sampled for the study through simple random sampling technique. The main instrument used for the study was the questionnaire comprising of career decision scale and Rotters locus of control scale. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics, simple regression and Pearson product moment correlation. From the analysis of data, it was discovered that there was significant relationship between external locus of control and career decision making. Internal locus of control was not significant but gender was significant. Some recommendations were made.
Albulena Pllana Breznica, Zana Pllana and Fisnike Pllana
This research outlines the challenges and obstacles of introducing English for Specific Purposes (ESP) in a Technical High School “Lutfi Musiqi” in Vushtrri, and most importantly, the benefits for the students, who can use this acquired knowledge in their future professions as well. In spite of the fact that most of the students are likely to get employed after they graduate from this school, there will always be some of them, who might continue their studies at a Technical University. Having a sound base of English, ESP will equip students with the relevant professional vocabulary and language skills needed for their further professional studies. The students were 17 up to 18 years old; they’re attending the 12th grade in the secondary Technical High school. The total number was 56. Because of the nature of this school there were more male students than female. This research was realized by the quantitative and qualitative methods through questionnaires I used with my students.
Accreditation is carried out to ensure that universities meet acceptable standards of quality in its programme offerings. This paper, which examined politics of National Universities Commission programme accreditation practices used descriptive survey design. The research covered universities in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States, Nigeria. Three research questions were raised to enhance the study. Purposive sampling technique was utilized to raise a sample of 85 current and former Heads of Departments for the study. A 21 - item instrument titled “Politics of Accreditation Practices Questionnaire (PAPQ)” was drawn, validated and tested for reliability using Cronbach Alpha. The index of reliability was 0.84 which indicated the fitness of the instrument for use. Data derived from the instrument were analyzed using means and standard deviation. Findings indicated that politics has been part of programme accreditation practices. Aspects of politics of accreditation identified were: politics of funding, borrowed books to boost library stock, borrowed facilities, window dressing of facilities, among others. The major challenges to programme accreditation as identified by the respondents were inadequate funding, inadequate and obsolete facilities and too much paper documentation. Suggestions to remedy the challenges to accreditation included that adequate funds should be made available to universities and internal mechanism for quality assurance should be strengthened within the universities.
Dr. Aniefiok O. Edet, Uduak R. Benson and Rita E. Williams
The thrust of this study was to investigate the relationship between Principals’ conflict resolution strategies and teachers’ job effectiveness in public secondary schools. The area of the study was Akwa Ibom State. The specific purpose of this research was to find out if principals’ conflict resolution strategies namely cause identification and integration strategies relate to teachers’ job effectiveness in terms of classroom teaching, maintenance of classroom discipline and supervision of students’ academic activities. Two research questions were raised and were duly converted into two research hypotheses to guide the study. Correlational research design was adopted for the study. The sample size of the study consisted of one thousand and fifty(1,050) public secondary school teachers and two thousand, one hundred(2,100) Senior Secondary two students randomly sampled from the population of six thousand, two hundred and ninety three (6293) teachers and twenty thousand, five hundred and ten (20,510) students respectively. Data collected from the study’s instruments called Principals’ Conflict Resolution Strategies Questionnaire (PCRSQ) and Teachers’ Job Effectiveness Questionnaire (TJEQ) were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis. Results of the findings revealed that cause identification and integration strategies had significant relationship with teachers’ job effectiveness in terms of classroom teaching, maintenance of classroom discipline and supervision of students’ academic activities. In the light of these findings, it was recommended that the government should ensure that school principals are retrained regularly and constantly through school-based workshops, conferences, and seminars on effective conflict resolution strategies in-order to enhance teachers’ job effectiveness.
The goal of the present study was to examine the quality of life (QOL) of parents of children with intellectual disability. An additional goal was to examine the effects of gender and educational status on the QOL of these parents. The sample for this study consisted of 50 parents of children with intellectual disabilities and 50 parents of children without disabilities as a control group. As A measure of QOL, we used Family Quality of Life Survey. Results have shown that there is a statistically significant difference between the perceived QOL of parents of children with intellectual disabilities and parents of typically developing children. The effects of gender and educational status on QOL of parents of children with intellectual disabilities were also statistically significant. However, there were no interaction effects of gender and educational status on the QOL. Given the lower QOL of parents of children with intellectual disability, it is important to provide them with support programs in order to improve their QOL.
Research students usually encounter great difficulties in setting up a viable research project mainly because, on the one hand they lack familiarity with the philosophical underpinnings of major paradigms used in educational research: quantitative, qualitative or mixed, and on the other hand , they do not associate the corresponding research types with these paradigms : experimental, non experimental for the former, and interactive or non interactive for the second and the for the latter whether it is explanatory or exploratory, in addition to the importance of triangulation in any research study . These paradigms determine not only the formulation of the problem chosen for research and the associated research questions or hypothesis but also and more importantly, the sampling procedure as well as the selection of the appropriate research tools and the way the collected data is analysed and discussed. This survey of the major paradigms in educational research and their implications for the design of any research study will hopefully provide them with the necessary guidance to approach their research project with more confidence et more efficiency.