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Grėtė Brukštutė

Abstract

The article analyses and compares general education and specialised schools built in Lithuania, Europe and the USA during inter-war years. The main problem analysed in the article is the correspondence between the architectural stylistics and functional spatial structure of interwar Lithuanian school buildings with the same typology buildings in the regional context. The aim of the article is to assess the essence of changes of architectural stylistics and functional spatial structure, what caused these changes. Interwar architecture in Lithuania has many of the main trends of the global architecture of that time, so undoubtedly interwar period is considered to be one of the most significant periods in the history of Lithuanian architecture, which has laid the foundations for the further development of Lithuanian architecture.

Open access

Matti Lakkala and Janne Pihlajaniemi

Abstract

Log is a highly topical building material. Despite the current potential of log, large-scale log buildings of high architectonic quality are rare. By increasing understanding of the architectonic quality of industrial log building, the quality of future log buildings can be enhanced. Our research data is based on the outcomes of two recent architectural competitions and interviews related to these. Methodology combines semi-structured interviews with research by design. The results describe, in the scope of tectonics, architectonic features that are essential for architectonic quality of a log building and are revealing of log structures, acknowledging the preconditions of log in the design, and making secondary design solutions characteristic for log. The results are coherent with ideals of tectonic theory.

Open access

Jānis Krastiņš

Abstract

The article analyzes the works of Liepāja’s architect Ludwig William Melville, who was previously unknown but in fact is really remarkable and sets his place in the legacy of Liepāja Art Nouveau architecture. Several historical documents have been used in the study and L. Melville as a potential architect of many buildings has been identified through a broad formally-stylistic comparative analysis.

Open access

Dénes Kocsis

Abstract

In this case study, the course and assessment of a work noise problem in a laboratory environment are described. Noise measurements are performed for the evaluation of workplace noise levels caused by the dominant sources at the site of the investigation. The results are evaluated according to the current Hungarian legislation, which is harmonized with the directives of the European Union. Based on the results noise protection interventions are shown to be required and proposals are described to solve the current situation.

Open access

Barnabás Sándor

Abstract

The opportunities offered by the smart city and the smart home to create livelier cities and homes in cities of increasing populations. [1] Meanwhile, there may be more problems which the average user does not yet think about. Focusing on these issues will be of utmost importance for information security and IT security, as the development of technology may not be able to keep up with a society such technologies are used in. On a theoretical and practical level, I examine an intelligent heating system for IT vulnerability, as well as some cases of attacks against IoT in recent years.

Open access

Adrienn Mislyenác

Abstract

The larger part of Pécs’s downtown area – an area that still preserves the structure of the medieval city – is protected either by local or national regulations. Although the street structure within the limits of the city wall have not changed, the cityscape has undergone more transformations, since every architectural era has left its dominant mark in the buildings. In this study I will analyse one of the most important East-West axes of the downtown, and in more specific detail the Király Street with its historically important buildings. I will describe the history of its development, its past and present function, and the changes that this area has undergone up to the present day. In addition to the architectural aspects of these changes, transport, trade, and tourism also play an important role. In this study, I would like to draw attention to the currently vacant, incorrectly used properties and opportunities for their use in the future.

Open access

Balázs Kósa, Hajnalka Juhász, Lilla Gyüre, Olivér Schmidt, Renáta Németh-Szigeti, Kinga Paczolai and Attila Béla Széll

Abstract

Hungary has been the home of many peoples from the beginnings of its history. As a result, our accumulated heritage is made up of buildings which were built, used and formed by different peoples during their lifetimes. This study investigates the diversity of the built heritage, the architectural and social multiculturalism in the city centre of Pécs.

Open access

Henrietta Bodolai, Balázs Kósa, Tamás Molnár and Gábor Arnold Szücs

Abstract

Just like at the Romans, the bath was the main venue of everyday life for the Turkish people as well. Besides exchanging recipes, women gave advice to each other, the men disputed important issues and often kept pre arranged marriages here. You were only allowed to pray, when you were sufficiently cleaned. Of course, it is not insignificant that the construction of baths was in many cases intended to promote material well-being, as they were usually built by senior executives who influenced the satisfaction of their followers in a very positive direction. Generally speaking, these baths were free for the reasons mentioned above, indicating to everyone that the builder was a wealthy man.

Open access

Daniella Szauter

Abstract

In order to understand transitional spaces I would like to create an in-depth study that includeshow they evolve, reviews their evolution and hierarchy, and analyses their role and importance. There are several types of transition spaces that can be distinguished, in my study I examine more specifically the transitions between the natural and built environment. In my study I wanted to put emphasis on the relationship between man and nature, furthermore the relationship between nature and architecture, this knowledge is necessary to understand these spaces.

Open access

János Novák

Abstract

There comes a time in the life of every family when their child becomes an adult and sets out to put themselves to a great test: undertaking further studies in higher education institutions. But can we really use the word adult for these youngsters? Seen from a teacher’s point of view, we surely cannot: we see them every day, and it is obvious that they are still very much children. And if we think deeper, we can understand it, we too were once freshmen. When parents let their children go out into a world that is yet unknown to them, the most important concern is their safety. Security consciousness is appearing in many places in higher education. Getting to the school, living in hostels, the rent, the whole environment, the list is endless. But we should mention something that has become an integral part of the new world, which is freedom, and the lack of parental control. Many simply cannot handle this and get carried away, some people just can’t say no to a friend’s invitation. And there is yet another serious source of danger; the Internet. Social media pages, email accounts, video sharing channels, etc. that keep appearing and refreshing. All are potential sources of attack, and if we don’t have sufficient means of protection, youngsters can easily fall prey.