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Open access

Sebastian Floştoiu

Abstract

The results and performance of an enterprise are the result of the decisions taken by the management of the entity, decisions which are the result of a complex procedure of processing and analyzing the relevant data and information provided by the information system available. In other words, appropriate and correct decisions that lead to the achievement of the objectives and attainment of higher performances are dependent on the quality and quantity of the information. Consequently, accurate information generates correct decisions. Due to of its qualities (relevance, intelligibility, credibility and comparability), accounting information occupies a very important place in the architecture of the economic information system, having the highest degree of certainty and providing the possibility of an accurate representation of economic phenomena and processes, both at micro, as well as at macroeconomic levels. Hence, we can say that the “final outcome of accounting”, namely accounting information, is one of the most important pillars of the elaboration, substantiation and decision-making process. Starting from this premise, this article aims to capture the main features of accounting information, which qualifies it as the object and the subject of the management system.

Open access

Cosmin-Marius Grozav, Țuțu Pişleag and Aurelian Raţiu

Abstract

We need a brief assessment of the international security environment in order to have a more realistic picture of the world we live in, having the perspective of threats, risks and vulnerabilities. The current and future security environment is characterized, among other things, by its complexity of actors, dynamism of threats as a result of the rethinking of the political-military postures of some states with military potential ore emerging states and non-state actors. In the foreseeable future, the security environment will continue to be influenced by multiple challenges, risks and threats, caused by the globalization phenomenon and political, economic, military and technological interdependencies which can provoke strategic surprises. The European area is in a continuous process of transformation with strategic implications. The systemic transformation will affect the European states and their adjacent regions visibly but distinctly, but the impact on European and Romanian security will be differentiated in the long run.

Open access

Sebastian Emanuel Stan and Camelia Oprean-Stan

Abstract

This study aims to highlight the implications of intangible resource preponderance in all areas on the way of exercising management within Romanian organizations, respectively it will attempt to capture the respondents’ ability of knowledge, identification and exploitation of intangible resources, and also, the way in which they consider it necessary to implement intangible resources management in their organizations. As a result, we have conducted a selective research among the factors involved in the knowledge and operationalization of these concepts (managers). The results of this research may be a reference for the concrete situation of the Romanian companies regarding the ability to know and operationalize the specific concepts of intangible resources management, but also a signal to all those involved or interested in this issue who will be able to give greater importance for the professionalization of those involved in intangible resources management at the level of organizations.

Open access

Vasile Roman and Maria Roman

Abstract

Any organization is in a permanent search for reputable leaders. Leaders adopt a behaviour reflected by their professional training and ego-esteem. Ego-perception reflects how a person is seen as a genre (how is?), as an identity (who is?), as an image of his/her ego (what is?), as self-opinion (what has?) and as an object (what affects?). The perception of those around them revolves around the things that are known to themselves and to the others (such as the physical reflection), the things the person knows about but the others do not know (personalities not shown), the things others know about him/her own person, but about which he/she does not know (personality traits that are perceived differently) and things that neither the person nor the others know (the ones in the unconscious). To be effective, the leader needs to know himself/herself and the environment in which he/she is acting, and to constantly pursue the relationship between ego-perception and perception of others about him/her. The desired report is the one in which the personal perception is the same as that of the others. Any significant variation leads to under or overestimation and, implicitly, to negative effects on the leadership process.

Open access

Rena Lovo, Eric Gilder, Ora Renagi and Dapsy Olatona

Abstract

In this study, the authors carried out a detailed analysis of the technologies required for successful implementation of a sustainable renewable energy household power supply in Papua New Guinea or PNG (PNG is a Pacific Island nation, North of Australia) to free the country from fossil fuel dependency. The role of renewable energy sources in the recent PNG National Energy Policy covering 2018 to 2050 (unveiled at the 2018 March Energy Summit in Port Moresby by the PNG Minister of Energy) was also analysed. From the outcome of our recently concluded SERI 2018 Renewable Energy conference, we assembled into a single hypothetical ‘energy basket’ all the varied renewable ‘green’ energy sources within PNG (as estimated by our energy research groups). This paper estimates that there is sufficient renewable energy in PNG and advocates that these available green energy sources should be tapped, for they can go a long way in the quest for climate change mitigation. This research paper will articulate that shifting PNG’s and other Pacific Island nations’ energy reliance from fossil fuels and other non-renewable sources to renewable green and environmentally sustainable sources is not only achievable, but feasible within a reasonable time.

Open access

Iulian Alexandru Bratu

Abstract

Forest management, as a component of the management of natural protected areas, has the mission to adopt the most effective measures in relation to climate change. The forest management activity is based on management plans drawn up for a period of 10 years, a period appreciated, until recently, to be sufficient for management plans to be considered up to date. Their updating is done with the data provided in field by the rangers through direct observations and measurements, but the accuracy of these data is complemented by data obtained through modern technologies. Analyses of the distribution of forest vegetation, its composition and its evolution, both in time and in the area, and last but not least, the technical measures for implementing the most effective treatments for preserving its health, the optimal structure and biomass production is made using the latest technology, such as Free Open Source Software and GIS. Recent services provided free of charge by some remote sensing operators make it possible to adopt the most appropriate technical measures, real-time tracking of their implementation and expected results. This paper aims to bring to light some of the most useful free remote sensing services and how to use them.

Open access

Mariana Kuzmanova and Ivaylo Ivanov

Abstract

Crises are more often perceived as a common phenomenon which requires adequate managers’ reaction and response. Nevertheless, changes have long become an element of standard management activity to support the long-term development of modern organizations. Organizations in the information and communications technology sector (ICT) face a number of challenges: intensive innovations, high R&D expenditures, widespread ICT penetration in all areas of the economy and society, shorter product life cycle, increase of crisis phenomena, etc. The purpose of this publication is to present the results of an empirical survey on the practice of linking solutions in the field of change management and crisis management among organizations in the ICT sector in Bulgaria. Achieving this goal requires solving the following tasks: examining the essence of both change management and crisis management and the need to combine their decisions; analyzing respondents’ opinions on their understanding of the different types of changes and crises experienced by organizations in the ICT sector in their development process as well as on the management activity of managers.

Open access

Fănică Cercel

Abstract

After the criminal prosecution is completed, the indictment is the act of referring the court (not the inculpation, as in the previous regulation, the prosecutor’s ordinance being the only procedural act in this respect), and when it also includes, in its contents, solutions for closing or waiving the prosecution, the court is not also referred for the judgment of those, even if they were described in the presentation of the case and are related to the deed brought before the court for judgment. This act of indictment is issued by the prosecutor only if he is convinced that three conditions are met cumulatively – the deed exists, it was committed by the defendant and he is criminally liable – otherwise, he has a solution of non-adjudication or can appreciate on the opportunity to abandon criminal prosecution. As a novelty in the current Code of Criminal Procedure, the Guilty Plea/Agreement on the Recognition of Guilt is an exception to the principles of truth and legality, being adopted in our judicial system for pragmatic reasons, being similar as an institution to that of other criminal procedural systems on the continent. The guilty party is the prosecutor and the defendant, the latter being both a natural person and a legal person, as procedural rules do not differ in this respect. The interpretation of Article 478 par. 1 of the Criminal Procedure Code: “the defendant and the prosecutor may conclude an agreement” implies that neither of the two holders will be compelled to enter into an agreement initiated by the other.

Open access

Aurelia Teodora Drăghici and Adina Eleonora Spînu

Abstract

Romania’s security interests and objectives, the army missions in the current geopolitical context and Romania’s obligations as a member of NATO have imposed the continuation of the process of quantitative and qualitative restructuring of the human resources and determined the decision to renounce compulsory military service in favor of the one based on volunteering, starting with the first of January of 2007. The transition from the army based on compulsory military service to the one based on voluntary service imposed the repositioning of the military profession on the Romanian labor market, especially in relation to the competition represented by other similar institutions.

Open access

Isabela-Anda Dragomir, Brânduşa-Oana Niculescu and Georgeta Obilişteanu

Abstract

Educators generally concur to the idea that one of the most essential goals of schooling is to empower students to become efficient problem solvers for the knowledge-based society. Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional methodology mainly focused on developing students’ abilities to deal with solving realistic issues by employing team-oriented strategies. The present paper discusses the opportunities of integrating PBL in the teaching of English for specific purposes, starting from the firm belief that by putting students in the role of effective collaborators, critical thinkers, creative problem-solvers, and capable communicators, the proposed strategies efficiently prepare cadets for real-life environments, for the challenges of their professional careers, and for an active citizenship. Drawing on a solid theoretical conceptualization of problem-based instruction, the article outlines the advantages of PBL for both teachers and students and proposes a series of practical strategies that are intended to facilitate our cadets’ development in four key skills – critical thinking, creativity, communication and collaboration, –with the help of project-based learning.