O genezie arcydzieła filmowego
Piotr de Bończa Bukowski
One of the masterpieces of Polish cinema is the debut film by Witold Leszczyński The Days of Matthew (1967, Żywot Mateusza). It is an adaptation of the novel Fuglane by Tarjei Vesaas, which appeared in translation into Polish in 1964. Leszczyński’s awarded film work has become an object of numerous analyses. However, there has been no particular research on the origins of The Days of Matthew. This article aims at presenting and interpreting the genesis of the film, viewed from three different perspectives: the existential, the ethical and the technical one. The study is largely based on previously unknown information or rarely cited sources.
Rewriting Pre-Existing Narratives in Sofi Oksanen’s Purge
Anna Estera Mrozewicz
The article offers a discussion of Sofi Oksanen’s novel Purge, focusing on the book’s strategy of evoking stereotypical narratives about Eastern Europe, such as the (postcommunist) fallen woman and (Russian) return home narratives, as well as related intertexts, primarily Lukas Moodysson’s film Lilya 4-ever. I argue that Oksanen constructs the plot around clichés in order to challenge them in a subversive fashion, first and foremost, in the name of recuperating the notion of Home. Related to locality and the feeling of being at-home, where the wholeness of the (national) subject is possible, ‘home’ is staged as an alternative to stereotypes, associated with transnational travel and the apparatus of colonization. A significant counter-narrative embedded in the novel - and hitherto rarely discussed - is the exilic perspective with its idealization of the lost and imagined home(land). In Purge, this is mediated through the main character’s postmemory. By means of a postexilic narrative, home is reconfigured as a ‘third space’ - neither fully ideal and (ethnically) pure nor adhering to the aforementioned stereotypical narratives. The positive valorisation of home, despised by some critics as simplistic and conservative, does not prevent movement and dislocation from being included in the new experience of home(land) emerging from the post-Soviet condition.
Litaniaminnen I “Bön Till Solen” av Karin Boye
The article is a presentation of partial research on litanic verse in Swedish literature carried out within the project “Litanic Verse in the Culture of European Regions”. Starting from the origins of the litanic genre, described by Witold Sadowski, the author analyses Karin Boye’s poem “Bön till solen” („Prayer to the Sun”), paying special attention to the presence of the three litanic genes: the ektenial, the polyonymic and the chairetismic. As the typical stylistic figures and structural solutions occur in the poem, a conclusion can be drawn that “Bön till solen” is an example of preservation of litanic patterns in the Swedish literary tradition.
The article A narrative portrait of Marie Grubbe in Lone Hørslev’s novel Dyrets år (The Year of the Beast) discusses the latest biographical novel on the controversial Danish aristocrat from the 17th century. In order to address the issue in closer detail, a brief biography of Marie Grubbe is given in the article’s introduction which is followed by a presentation of all the Danish works of fiction on the person that have been published so far. The analysis shows that the authors’ approach to their protagonist varies from disgust to fascination, depending on the period that the work originates from. Lone Hørslev’s Dyrets år may not be a genuine masterpiece, but it definitely adds new, contemporary aspects to the overall understanding of Marie Grubbe’s conduct and enriches her portrait with some traits which have not yet been discussed.
Lyrikkens rolle hos Czesław Miłosz og i hans norske gjendiktning ved Paal Brekke
The purpose of the paper is to compare the original verse by Czesław Miłosz and its translated version by Paal Brekke. To discuss the images of the poetry and the poet in Campo di Fiori and Tilegnelse the comparative translation theory is applied and the poets' literary background brought into focus. In the next step such issues as the translator's figure and his influence on the target text are addressed. The paper presents that Brekke's literary work alters Miłosz's original poetics.
O recepcji debiutu Yahyi Hassana w Danii
Sylwia Izabela Schab
The article attempts to analyze the reaction to the debut of the Danish poet of Palestinian descent Yahya Hassan (Yahya Hassan. Digte, 2013) among literary reviewers as well as in the Danish society. The impulse to write on this topic came after the nomination of Yahya Hassan for the Polish literary prize European Poet of Freedom 2016. The main aim is to explain the extraordinary fame as a writer and as a public person he gained already in the month of his literary debut (100.000 sold books in two months). The analyze will be focused on two fields of interest: the reception of the poetry itself and the writer’s personae.
Das Eis-Schloss von Tarjei Vesaas
Critics have interpreted Tarjei Vesaas’s novel The Ice Palace (1963) in psychological terms as a kind of rite-of-passage fable of two eleven-year-old girls, Siss and Unn. The latter dies in a magic Ice Palace short after their first meeting in Unn’s house. The novel’s plot is about how Siss is dealing with the loss. Other scholars put the emphasis on the folkloristic elements or read the text as an allegorical one, as a piece of art dealing with art.
In the following article I would like to read The Ice Palace as a poetic treatise on the relationship between mourning, melancholy on the one hand and commemoration, memorialization on the other.
Moderne skandinavisk kortprosa over for Franz Kafkas roman processen
The novel The trial, telling the story of the groundless arrest and prosecution of the bank clerk Josef K., remains one of the bestknown and most influential works written by Franz Kafka. Depicting the pointless struggle of a man placed at the mercy of a remote, inaccessible authority, it gives a symbolic account of the human condition in the modern era, characterised by the lack of universal truth, estrangement, confusion and existential impotence. Grasping the very idea of existential modernity, the novel provides ongoing inspiration for a great number of modernist and postmodernist writers all over the world, including Scandinavia. In the article presented below, The trial is examined as an intertext within the genre of the Scandinavian short prose, as it unfolds at breakthrough of modernism and postmodernism. Starting with the literary and critical works of the Danish modernist Villy Sørensen, and moving forward throughout the Danish and Norwegian minimalism of the 1990's, the paper discusses a range of different aspects of The trial, as they reappear in the short stories written by some of the main representatives of the Scandinavian short story. In this way, the article elucidates the relevance of Kafka's novel as an intertext for contemporary Scandinavian short fiction, as well as draws attention to the dialogical dimension of the genre.
In the 1930s, one of several small anti-parliamentarian, more or less authoritarian movements in Denmark was “Dansk Samling” (Danish Unity, see note 3), by its critics labeled as fascist or even nazi, in its self-understanding above all Christian and national and thus strongly opposed to any import of German ideology. In 1938, some of its members attended a meeting in Lübeck, and later that same year the movement’s periodical published “greetings to Germany” - a rather naive attempt at reaching a dialogue, but still without giving in on crucial matters.