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Halyna Stashko

Abstract

The paper describes the use of epithets in creating female images in American folk songs. The results of the stylistic analysis show how different types of epithets intensify female images and testify to the connection between semantics and culture. Multifunctionality of the epithet tends to be of paramount importance in creating and interpreting images and backgrounds to them in folk song texts. This synergy provides valuable and handy clues, which help understand the evolution of a woman in America.

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Inna Zabuzhanska

Abstract

This paper highlights the results of the experimental phonetic research on American postmodern poetic texts, voiced by their authors. The acoustic analysis of fundamental frequency, duration, and intensity of rhythmic groups proves their rhythm-creating ability. Arrhythmicity is seen as a means of creating the effect of defeated expectancy, emphasizing those speech fragments, which are crucial in the decoding of the author’s intention.

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Ting-Chi Wei

Abstract

This paper argues that you ‘have’ sluice is a variant of pseudosluicing, akin to shi ‘be’ sluice in Chinese. You sluice can be analyzed as a base-generated structure [pro you ‘have’ wh-phrase], consisting of a subject pro, a verb you ‘have’, and a wh-phrase, having nothing to do with movement and deletion. In this simple clause, the pro can either refer to a nominal antecedent or an event antecedent; you ‘have’ mainly denotes possessive or existential readings as well as extended attributive uses. This analysis further reveals how circum-phrase chule … yiwei ‘besides’ semantically and syntactically interacts with hai ‘still’ in you sluice to express else modification in English sluicing derived by movement and deletion.

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Jing Jin

Abstract

This paper investigates a special sub-type of measurement construction in Mandarin Chinese, namely the [Num-measure word-de-N] construction where the N is an abstract dimension-denoting noun. Evidence is presented to show that the abstract-type [Num-measure word-de-N] should be fundamentally distinguished from the quantifying-/modifying-type [Num-measure word-de-N], in which the [Num-measure word] sequence serves to quantize/modify a semantically concrete, entity-denoting N. At the interpretive level, this paper claims that the abstracttype [Num-measure word-de-N] is semantically definite. At the syntactic level, a clausal analysis within the framework of the Predicate Inversion theory is pursued to account for the derivation of the abstract-type measurement construction. Last, it is proposed that the word order distinction between the Chinese abstracttype measurement construction, which is N-final, and its English counterpart, where the N linearly precedes [Num-measure word], can be explained in terms of a parametric variation with respect to the (non-)application of N-raising after Predicate Inversion.

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XuPing Li

Abstract

This squib examines a special kind-referring expression in Mandarin Chinese, the N-leikind compound. We show that like Mandarin bare nouns, N-leikind compounds also denote kinds, but they can only be instantiated by sets of (sub) kind entities at type <k, t>, and not sets of individuals at type <e, t>. Specifically, those kind entities belong to basic-level categories in some folk taxonomy. We claim that N-lei is the nominalization counterpart of the classifier phrase lei-N, and it denotes superkinds, which are instantiated by sets of subkind entities. Accordingly, Mandarin bare nouns are comparable to bare plurals in English, whereas N-lei is comparable to definite singulars in English.

Open access

Halyna Stashko

Abstract

This paper presents a stylistic analysis of female images in American song folklore in order to examine how sound symbolic language elements contribute to the construction of verbal images. The results obtained show the link between sound and meaning and how such phonetic means of stylistics as assonance, alliteration, and onomatopoeia function to reinforce the meanings of words or to set the mood typical of the characters. Their synergy helps create and interpret female images and provides relevant atmosphere and background to them in folk song texts.

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Zoia Ihina

Abstract

The article explores how the meaning of the topos revenge is crystallised (accumulated and interpreted) in the gothic narrative “A legend of the Nightfort” at two planes: internal (the one concerning the narrator-narratee roles) and external (concerning the implied author-reader roles). Both planes are linked in the process of intranarrative transgression, where the first mode of crystallisation is regarded as an allegorical interpretation of revenge and the second one – as a symbolic interpretation.

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Oxana Alexiyevets

Abstract

The article reports on the study of the prosodic characteristics of the utterances expressing viewpoint in English political discourse. The paper draws on the findings made in the course of the auditory analysis of presentations delivered by politicians. The work contains an overview of political discourse and viewpoint studies. Special focus is given to prosodic variations of viewpoint in political public speech.

Open access

Iryna Pinich

Abstract

Employing the theory of Intentionality the paper argues ubiquity and continuity of the pragmatic category of emotional intentionality in generating and promulgating ideologies via the literary works of contemporaries. The paper offers explanations of the nature of emotionality in the structure of emotional ecosystems and highlights the correlation of dominant emotional communities and dissemination of ideologies.

Open access

Lidiya Volkova

Abstract

The article presents a study of dialogical discourse operators defined as pragmatic markers. The author introduces a list of special English pragmatic markers – words that are united by the same implicit semantics of contrast. Pragmatic markers of the selected group are used in dialogical discourse as a means of realization of the speaker's communicative intention and serve as illocutionary indicators of indirect speech acts. They are also important components of indirect communicative strategies and tactics.