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Control of Malfunctions and their Consequences in the Operation of the Heavy Artillery Weapons

Abstract

At essential components in the composition of artillery weapons, it is important that during the manufacturing and repair processes, to identify, at an early stage, possible non-homogeneities / structural and joining discrepancies, which may lead to major defects and finally the occurrence of some damages in these weapons. Such phenomena can be traced and prevented by non-destructive control methods available to the actors involved. Suggestive in this regard are the methods of control with penetrating, electromagnetic, ultrasound and pressurizing liquids. Ignoring the consequences of the malfunctions can lead to a worsening of the technical condition of the artillery weapons and, implicitly, to their decommissioning.

Open access
Correlation Between Human Development and Sustainable Development – Condition of Human Security

Abstract

For the sake of contemporaneity, the notion of sustainable development has become the key concept in developing new paradigms of human survival, in designing new ways of managing social systems. The current state of today’s humanity is looking for a new development model as well as new security objectives.

Considered as a process over time, human development means creating, through action at policy level, the conditions for facilitating sustainable human development, such as appropriate education, health, material wellbeing, participation, social empowerment and inclusion and establishment of a model of socially and geographically equitable economic growth.

Open access
Couple Villages from the Făgăraş Land, with their History and Ethnographic Peculiarities

Abstract

The Făgăraș Land is an old Romanian state formation on the territory of Transylvania. Geographically located between the Olt and the Meridional Carpathians, the Făgăraș Land is considered the starting point of the founders of Wallachia. It was caught between the interests and pride of the Hungarian Kingdom and those of the Romanian lords throughout the Middle Ages, and suffered invasions of the Tartars. The memory of the latter is preserved in the collective memory of the locals, especially in the legends about the rocks that girls chased by attackers have jumped off. Many of the villages of Fagaras are arranged in pairs, one in the Olt meadow and the other in the mountain. Over time, there have been differentiations in the folk garment and traditions between the couple villages, but also between neighbouring couple villages. These differences strenghten the community identity of the Făgăraș Land villagers and indicate the existence of significant intangible cultural heritage resources in the area.

Open access
Creating and Maintaining a Secure and Safe Environment on a Challenged Civilian University Campus in Papua New Guinea

Abstract

The article introduces the challenges of maintaining effective security (of both personnel and property) on a 220 hectare rural/suburban University campus, The Papua New Guinea University of Technology, located on the outskirts of Lae, the second-largest city in Papua New Guinea, serves as its main port and manufacturing hub. Since the Independence of Papua New Guinea in 1975, the city of Lae, the University (of approximately 3000 students, and 1500 academic, technical, and administrative and staff) and its surrounding communities have faced increasing pressing security issues, some caused by internal (on campus) and others by external (off campus) factors. After a long, politically motivated student boycott in 2016 (which ended up with destruction of varied University properties and the death of a student), the University has endeavoured to create a safe campus environment by employing quantitative modelling predictive techniques, cost-effective technologies and appropriate social-psychological insights aimed at transcending extant tribal mindsets (the country is noted for having over 800 tribes and languages across its widely space geography of 462,840 Km and approximately 7 million population). Tribal conflict is a constant concern for the police and governing authorities, an inhibitor of balanced social and economic development of the resource-rich country.

Open access
The Critical Space Infrastructure and its Importance to Military Operations

Abstract

Actual scientific approaches related to critical infrastructure reveal its importance within many of the society’s essential services that are necessary for day-to-day people’s life. Besides other critical infrastructure systems, the emerging development of the space system results in the embedment of it within the critical space infrastructure concept that is based on its description related to the importance of the services provided to population, public or governing institutions, and industry. This paper intends to present the manner in which the space system services influence population’s life and to emphasize the importance of the space infrastructure related to the process of planning and conducting military operations. The reliability and well functioning of the space system from the perspective as a critical infrastructure proves its paramount importance related to essential services provided to the population that results into social well-being. Nowadays, the majority of military operations depend on the development of space infrastructure and its reliability. Moreover, the military space operations are based on satellite control system architectures as well as the interconnected systems on surface and underground systems. From this side, the protection of critical space infrastructure and its resilience level should have a paramount value for all stakeholders that are using the space system services.

Open access
Culture as a Weapon in the Context of Current and Future Operational Environments

Abstract

The study of the cultural factor’s influence on military actions is not a recent issue, the main concerns being aimed at identifying some solutions for the improvement of the cooperation between different national contingents during stability and support operations. Instead, the use of culture as a weapon in the sense of military capability used to predict and influence the behavior of target groups is a completely new approach, currently being within reach of only few modern armies. From another perspective, the possibility of using engagement as a new war fighting function, assuming the development of skills and capabilities necessary to deal with the local population and regional security forces, determines the necessity to educate and develop a cultural capability for all military personnel. This can be identified as a real solution for the military forces in improving their missions’ accomplishment within the context of current and future operational environments.

Open access
Data-Aided Carrier Recovery with QPSK Modulation

Abstract

Digital communication has proven to be the most efficient method of data transmission especially where long distances are involved. This led to the invention of more sophisticated methods of communication ranging from mobile handset communication to more advanced satellite communication. The speeds of passing information have been improving over the years and real time video communication has been made possible with digital devices. Various methods of digital data transmission are employed based on the information to be transmitted. This paper focuses on carrier recovery in digital communication systems, especially those based on Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) modulation and demodulation scheme. The design being implemented is that of coherent demodulation for QPSK scheme using SIMULINK design tool. Performance of QPSK is also investigated to make a comparison and the suitability of the scheme to use in digital data transmission applications.

Open access
Determining the Remuneration of the Copyright Holder and Terminating the Assignment Contract

Abstract

Through this study we propose new visions of the legal norms establishing the social relations between the author and the assignee in the matter of determining the remuneration and judicial review of the assignment contract. In this respect, we propose a series of amendments lex ferenda of the Law no.8 / 1996 and formulate a series of doctrinal theories that we consider will contribute significantly to the science of rights resulting from intellectual creation.

Open access
Development and Improvement of Logistics in the Bulgarian Armed Forces: New Trends and Perspectives

Abstract

The paper reveals the opportunities for the development and improvement of logistics in the Bulgarian Armed Forces in the context of NATO transformation. In the context of the Readiness Action Plan (RAP) at the Warsaw Summit in 2016, package capabilities were adopted to define the framework for Bulgaria’s commitments to provide logistic support to NATO forces. Using multinational logistics approaches is a key factor in the development of logistic capabilities. The paper discusses focusing on the organization of Host Nation Support in NATO operations and exercises, the use of new technologies and information systems, as well as innovation and integrated logistics support.

Open access
The Development of Legal Regulation of the Combating Corruption – Main Criteria for the Confirmation of Democratic Values in the European Society

Abstract

Corruption poses a serious danger to the democratic foundations of each country. The need of an effective legal mechanism for combating corruption is increasingly being interpreted as key criteria for strengthening democratic institutions and introducing modern standards of transparency and democratic control into the governance of society. There are adopted a number of national, regional and international legal anticorruption acts which are particularly important, especially in the context of Bulgaria’s integration processes in the European area. In this connection, ensuring the democratic values in European society represents a big challenge for regulatory claims and capabilities of law with a view to the dynamic development of society. The current survey examines at the main type the development of anticorruption legal framework and aims to provide guidance for optimizing and improving the existing system of effective measures for the fighting against corruption and to clarify its place in the confirmation of democracy.

Open access