This study engages into a wider reflection about Paul Ricoeur. Undoubtedly, he is a remarkable personality of thought and spiritual life, being known as the “philosopher of obedience”. On the one hand, the novelty of his thinking lies in the narrative identity, in the dissociation between the same and the ipseity, diachronic and synchronic, between the socius and the neighbor. On the other hand, he reveals us a „modus vivendi”, between the rational-philosophical rigor and the Protestant religious beliefs, with regard to the depths of the confrontation between desire and choice, between understanding and explaining, between universal and singular. Nevertheless, his panoramic view of life departs from the complexity of life, from existentialism, as a radical opposition between the being itself and the being for itself or the self. As a conclusion, throughtout Paul Ricoeur’s domains-philosophy and religion-physical and psychological integrity implies by analogy a moral integrity.
The aim of this study is to analyze the structure of the Zamolxian myth and the implications that follow from the perspective of historian and philosopher Vasile Pârvan. Zamolxe, the god and the King of the Geto-Dacians, are in the center of his doctrine the thesis that man is a whole of two essential elements: sphere and soul. As Socrates also points out in the Charmide Dialogue, the great importance is the state in which the soul is found, which prevails in front of the body. Moreover, the state of the soul undoubtedly determines the state of the body after. The soul in relation to the body of the flesh, prone to suicide, is the very essence of the essence, because “everyone here starts from the soul.” The asprime of life does not prevent the Getae from believing in immortal eternity, in another world encountering Zalmoxe. For Eliade, Zamolxis is a “daimon or a theos,” which reveals a doctrine that “depends on the ontological regime of post mortem existence.” Zamolxis is not from the beginning a supernatural being, he appears in a “religious history of eschatological type “, the coordinates of which are occult and epiphany. In the center of this doctrine is placed the idea of the immortality of the soul.
The present study resonates with the primacy of the exemplary model of the inaugural lessons in the program/curriculum of critical school achievements, in the spirit of Alexandru Zub question about what the inaugural lessons should say? The answer calls for a return to the Xenopol model, but also for the reopening of the Kogălniceanu’s methodological laboratory, stating the need for any course to be inaugurated through a broad exposure of the field, by drawing attention to the theoretical and methodological horizon, by enumerating the boundaries and limitations of research; but also, by gaining the interest of the audience. Pârvanian historiosophy is decisive in the flow of the so-called method, attaching the teacher’s vocation to the prerogative of the philosopher, and relying on two conjugated attitudes: the first „evolutionary synthesizer of thought”, the second „cosmic valoriser of the world and of life.” Thus, we will insist on the ideo-historical ribbons/nervures of the four inaugural lessons of Vasile Pârvan, presenting them with the decisive remarks about the rethinking of philosophy and history. This approach is circumscribed to the atmosphere of the Centenary of the Romanian Great Union as a means of returning to exemplary models to counter the dysfunctions of functional illiteracy, the confusing and synchronous perspective of teaching history in school, and the program to eliminate the historical dimension of the culture study - exhibited at the anniversary moment of the Romanian culture by Academician Ioan-Aurel Pop.