„Quality is not everything but everything is nothing without quality”. The famous quotation from K. Ishikawa brings to our attention the fact that nowadays quality is one of strategic concepts from the point of view of functioning of companies, especially production-oriented ones. The lack of quality often eliminates a product from the basket of potential further choices. That means that quality is a prerequisite in the contemporary, highly competitive and saturated market. In order to ensure quality, enterprises introduce various concepts and methods to support quality management. They include, among others, the kaizen philosophy, which allows to minimize unnecessary actions (losses). It is especially recommended to small firms as an inexpensive method assuring high quality of products because they are constantly improved, which, in turn, guarantees maintaining a high position among competitors. This article aims to introduce the concept of kaizen by describing how it works and considering whether it can be successful in Polish companies.
The aim of the article is to present cognitive challenges in the area of management. Researchers and reflective managers still work on the identity of management belonging to the social sciences. The paper depicts the connections between cognitive problems (from the epistemological point of view), management methodology and social practice. Management sciences are parts of historical discourse and because of that epistemological and methodological levels have an impact on social practice. The main concern of this paper is the role of the management scientist, consultant and teacher. The analysis suggests that academic teacher and researcher are social roles with a character that can be called universal. Practitioner is associated rather with pragmatic aspect of management science. Practitioners are often regarded as managers, but their roles in the organisation might as well be non-managerial.
Marketing and logistics management is now becoming an interesting concept for entrepreneurs, and thus perpetuates the belief that the skills of marketing and logistics of the company contributes to the improvement of the company’s competitive position in the market. The activity of businesses from the SME sector is based on a much more modest material resources than it is in large enterprises, thus building logistic and marketing advantages through innovation strategies is often the right direction of improving the competitiveness of the SME sector. The aim of the paper is to present the areas and potential use of new methods of management, with the application of integration of marketing management and logistics processes. Knowledge of the characteristics of both types of processes in the SME sector becomes necessary. Insufficient knowledge of marketing and logistics in SMEs, both in the field of logistics and marketing should be complemented by the development of educational offer by institutions of science.
The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors which have the greatest impact on the development of regional entrepreneurship in the border regions of Eastern Poland and in the Łódź region. An attempt was made to characterize these regions in terms of attractiveness and power of attracting development factors mainly due to the fact that in each of these regions entrepreneurs meet the specific micro- and macro-economic determinants.
“Small business is not a little big business” [Welsh, White 1981, p. 25]
Upon accession to the European Union, the SME sector in Poland found itself in a much more difficult situation than that of similar enterprises which had operated in the EU for years. New phenomena have occurred in this environment, including globalization, with not only its economic dimension, but also structural and functional ones, which comprehensively affects all fields of enterprises’ operations. Growth of competitiveness of SMEs, in particular of microenterprises, is a very interesting aspect and questions arise as to possible new methods of management which could help achieve this goal. This article presents the author's own research on SMEs in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship from the perspective of competitive factors in the management process. The factors of chief significance to growth and development are presented as exemplified by marketing and logistic management process in a microenterprise.
The article presents fragments of the author's own research, which was conducted among innovative managers. A thesis is advanced, that competencies and innovative behaviors of managers are also sources of formation of team and organizational spirit that fosters creativity and innovation of employees. The study focused on the factors influencing the innovation competence. The author pays particular attention to the subjective conditioning as well as to the educational and organizational factors, emphasizing their importance. Based on the results of the research, the article also presents a silhouette of an innovative manager. The author also highlights the need to develop innovative competencies, both in the executive and general education.
Collective investors play an extremely important role in the financial system of the state and in the economy. They operate in the financial market as institutions that enable households and businesses to convert savings into investments. Investment funds are the most conventional institutions which are dealing with financial intermediation.
The main purpose of the submitted paper is to characterise the essence of investment funds operation in the role as financial intermediaries, to present the investment strategies and to characterise the methodology for measuring the effectiveness of capital management entrusted by the clients.
The author has formulated a research hypothesis, according to which, the strategies of capital location policy used by the investment funds have an impact on the level of their performance, while funds holding higher risk portfolios perform better compared to the funds using passive investment strategies
The importance of professional training cannot be overemphasized. In any organization, it is conducive to a better implementation of the tasks, and through it – increasing efficiency. For those directly involved – employees – lifelong learning is the premise of job retention. The aim of this paper is to present the results of research study – both quantitative and qualitative – describing ways in which employers may support employees’ educational activity.
The article presents definitions on population aging, characterises the analysed group of population, and discusses selected aspects of its activity in the financial services market. Its purpose has been to determine the importance of the elderly as the users of financial services. As demonstrated, the activity of customers aged 60+ in the financial services market is of significance for various players in this market, as well as from the micro and macro perspective. The hypothesis that this subject area is neither sufficiently known nor recognized has been proved to be true. To improve the situation, financial institutions should analyse in detail the needs of elderly customers to develop targeted products and services, while older people should be more active and use them more often.
The goal of the paper was to describe the system of employment forecasting in Poland and to present forecasts results. The paper described the main assumptions and elements of the system of employment forecasting (the structure of econometric models and on-line forecasting tool). It also elaborated on employment forecasts at national, regional and occupational levels. The analysis of forecasts enabled drawing some conclusions, important from the point of view of the perspectives of the Polish labour market and the labour market policy.