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Where, why, and how? Topophones in Ray Bradbury's science fiction

Abstract

The article highlights the category of literary space, connecting different topophones with the author's worldview. Topophones in the works by Ray Bradbury are used not only for identifying the place where the events unfold but they equally serve as the background to the expression of the author's evaluative characteristics of the modern world, his attitude to science, the latest technologies, and the human beings who are responsible for all the events, which take place not only on the Earth, but also far away from it.

Open access
American postmodern poetic texts: in search of rhythmicity

Abstract

This paper highlights the results of the experimental phonetic research on American postmodern poetic texts, voiced by their authors. The acoustic analysis of fundamental frequency, duration, and intensity of rhythmic groups proves their rhythm-creating ability. Arrhythmicity is seen as a means of creating the effect of defeated expectancy, emphasizing those speech fragments, which are crucial in the decoding of the author’s intention.

Open access
An American woman through the prism of the epithet: semasiological aspect in creating images

Abstract

The paper describes the use of epithets in creating female images in American folk songs. The results of the stylistic analysis show how different types of epithets intensify female images and testify to the connection between semantics and culture. Multifunctionality of the epithet tends to be of paramount importance in creating and interpreting images and backgrounds to them in folk song texts. This synergy provides valuable and handy clues, which help understand the evolution of a woman in America.

Open access
The anthroponymic world in the text of the Anglophone joke

Abstract

Being a complex study of the anthroponymic properties of modern British and American jokes this paper substantiates their specific comic functions as well as the means of comic effect creation. The analysis is underpinned with the methodological principle of anthropocentrism within the framework of which correlation between various groups of anthroponyms grounded on the basic cognitive mechanism of incongruity is ascertained.

Open access
The conceptual and semantic shift of “noble” and its synonyms as a case of semiosis

Abstract

The paper explores the interrelation between the socially biased phenomena, affecting the conceptual domain of “knighthood” in the XIII-XV centuries. Nobility and knighthood as interrelated conceptual entities became increasingly complicated, due to cultural semiosis, which brought about drastic conceptual and semantic changes in the adjectives under scrutiny: worthy, noble, gentle. The analysis of corpus and lexicographic material as well as romances of the period demonstrated that conceptual changes became the major triggers for the large-scale semantic changes within the category.

Open access
Conceptualization of motion in communicative space in English

Abstract

The study of space and motion in space as well as its further verbalization remains one of the topical issues of present-day linguistic research, though motion in personal space still needs a more detailed analysis. This paper analyzes English verbalization of movement in communicative space from a cognitive linguistic perspective. It aims at revealing specific features of the constructions under study by applying such a theoretical tool of cognitive linguistics as image schemas.

Open access
The diachronic development of combining forms in scientific writing

Abstract

This paper addresses the diachronic development of combining forms in English scientific texts over approximately 350 years, from the early stages of the first scholarly journals that were published in English to contemporary English scientific publications. In this paper a critical discussion of the category of combining forms is presented and a case study is produced to examine the role of selected combining forms in two diachronic English corpora.

Open access
From defamiliarization to foregrounding and defeated expectancy: Linguo-stylistic and cognitive sketch

Abstract

The article focuses on revealing the nature of defamiliarization, foregrounding, and defeated expectancy from a linguo-stylistic and cognitive perspective. It has been stated that defamiliarization, composed by different types of foregrounding and defeated expectancy as deviation, generated with a certain stylistic purpose are complex phenomena. The article highlights cognitive factors which ensure the creation of defamiliarization and defeated expectancy in the literary texts.

Open access
Media text energy as collective cultural memory reflection

Abstract

The research aims at discovering the basic elements of energy potential in a media text. On the basis of the analysis of journalistic and advertising texts internal and external factors of the text energy circulation are singled out. The authors argue that a media text, representing a national worldview, contributes to the author’s and addressees’ energy augmentation as well as supports sustainable cultural meanings, fixed in the text.

Open access
Mental gaze monitoring and form manipulation: distinct conceptions of language production and its management

Abstract

This study addresses the phenomenon called “spacing out” or “delay” to show that speaking and writing condition the language users to assume distinct conceptions of language production, thereby motivating significantly different (uses of) grammatical devices within as well as across languages. We demonstrate that mental gaze monitoring and linguistic form manipulation serve as language production management in the speech event and writing event conceptions, respectively.

Open access