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Risks of Industry 4.0 and Digitization

Abstract

Industry 4.0 is considered as the digital transformation of manufacturing. Changes due to digitalization are running at a continuously accelerating speed, developments change our whole world, and completely changing the production and labor markets. An overview of the labor market effect of overall digitalization is provided. Predictions and forecasts for labor market phenomena due to robotization are given in terms of overall changes in employment. Changes in employment structure are influenced by several factors of computerizability of the individual work activities of various jobs.

Open access
Safety Versus Modern Environmental Problems

Abstract

With the wide application of engineering technologies, environmental aspects increasingly focus attention on safety. Reducing environmental impacts also affects operational safety, and because of the adverse effect, there is a dual situation in the relationship of these two areas. On one hand, maintaining the acceptable environmental status is closely related to the secure operation of the technologies, on the other hand, by ensuring safety, the risks of the new environmental impacts shall be managed. Such risks prevent the development of a dynamically balanced environmental system. Based on the examination of both the environment uses and the operational conditions, we have reached the conclusion that we will analyse environmental risk management in the context of safety. In the first phase of the research we reviewed the relations between safety and the modern environmental problem.

Open access
Semi-Rigid Steel Frames Located in Seismic Areas

Abstract

The realistic response of the steel frames cannot always be investigated with idealized rigid or articulated joints. For sideways loads, significant calculation errors may occur if the modeling of the joints does not take into account their most realistic behaviour. The use of semi-rigid joints, both in design and construction, can result in favourable structural properties in the case of steel frames, especially in seismic areas.

Open access
A Short Review of The Latest Developments in The Science of Thermoelectric Materials

Abstract

This research work is still considered as a theoretical reference material for transmitting the important role that thermoelectric materials play in evolving reality of our world. In this update, a brief reminder of the basics behind thermoelectric materials is provided, followed by some of the most recent developments, whether successful or not, in the attempt to create new more efficient materials for heat recovery within the coming years. One of the approaches deals with an innovative way to produce an already existing base material for thermoelectric application, whilst the other approaches describe new possibilities that were attempts to reach a higher dimensional figure of merit zT.

Open access
Smart City

Abstract

The purpose of my research is to provide insight into the current state of smart cities. According to the everyday language, settlements use digital solutions for smart cities, which make life easier for people, who living there. The article demonstrates the impact on smart cities and how complex this concept is in practice. A smart city is constantly exploring and analysing the effects of the developments and innovations introduced.

Open access
Solution of The Inverse Kinematic Task of A Robot-Arm Based on A Quasi-Differential Fixed-Point Transformation Method

Abstract

While the forward kinematic task of robots can be solved easily through homogenous transformation matrices, the inverse kinematic task leads to difficulties as the construction of the system becomes more complex. In this paper, a solution has been worked out for a three Degree-of-Freedom (DOF) robot-arm based on recent research, by the use of a novel, fixed-point transformation based technique.

Open access
Technological and Theoretical Application of Finite Element Modeling of Deep Drawing

Abstract

For metal forming problems, even for a simple forming technology, finite element analysis can provide a solution for calculating deformations, determining stress and strain distributions. The aim of this study is to create a parametric finite element model for deep drawing technology, by which technological optimization as well as theoretical problems can be solved. By performing parameter studies, numerous cases can be analyzed.

Open access
Tools for Increasing Safety Awareness in Higher Education

Abstract

There comes a time in the life of every family when their child becomes an adult and sets out to put themselves to a great test: undertaking further studies in higher education institutions. But can we really use the word adult for these youngsters? Seen from a teacher’s point of view, we surely cannot: we see them every day, and it is obvious that they are still very much children. And if we think deeper, we can understand it, we too were once freshmen. When parents let their children go out into a world that is yet unknown to them, the most important concern is their safety. Security consciousness is appearing in many places in higher education. Getting to the school, living in hostels, the rent, the whole environment, the list is endless. But we should mention something that has become an integral part of the new world, which is freedom, and the lack of parental control. Many simply cannot handle this and get carried away, some people just can’t say no to a friend’s invitation. And there is yet another serious source of danger; the Internet. Social media pages, email accounts, video sharing channels, etc. that keep appearing and refreshing. All are potential sources of attack, and if we don’t have sufficient means of protection, youngsters can easily fall prey.

Open access
Transition Spaces

Abstract

In order to understand transitional spaces I would like to create an in-depth study that includeshow they evolve, reviews their evolution and hierarchy, and analyses their role and importance. There are several types of transition spaces that can be distinguished, in my study I examine more specifically the transitions between the natural and built environment. In my study I wanted to put emphasis on the relationship between man and nature, furthermore the relationship between nature and architecture, this knowledge is necessary to understand these spaces.

Open access
Turkish Bath Culture in Hungary

Abstract

Just like at the Romans, the bath was the main venue of everyday life for the Turkish people as well. Besides exchanging recipes, women gave advice to each other, the men disputed important issues and often kept pre arranged marriages here. You were only allowed to pray, when you were sufficiently cleaned. Of course, it is not insignificant that the construction of baths was in many cases intended to promote material well-being, as they were usually built by senior executives who influenced the satisfaction of their followers in a very positive direction. Generally speaking, these baths were free for the reasons mentioned above, indicating to everyone that the builder was a wealthy man.

Open access