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Application Features of Ultrasonic Welding

Abstract

The technological advantages of ultrasonic welding: (no requirement for filler metal; use of small electrical transient resistance contacts; ability to weld thin materials to thick materials) results in a helium-solid weld seam; the computer configuration of the welding parameters can easily be solved; clean and safe workflow (no sparks, flame or smoke); can be integrated into the production line. This article deals with some of the additional application features of this welding process.

Open access
Application of the HLD Value in the Petroleum Industry

Abstract

The efficiency of demulsification is a key process in terms of extracting the oil of O/V (oil-in-water type) emulsions of enhanced oil recovery. Consequently, the separation of emulsion systems and the recovery of the maximum amount of oil from the colloid system play an important role in the petroleum industry. The stability of the emulsions from oil recovery is influenced by numerous factors. J. L. Salager developed the HLD (Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Deviation) equation in order to examine the efficiency of demulsification. Our aim was to investigate whether the equation developed by Salager is suitable for monitoring the stability of petroleum industrial emulsions.

Open access
Arduino and Rapsberry Pi Based Hybrid RFID Access Control System with Mobile Platform

Abstract

Nowadays the ongoing trend of integrating everything into the cloud, connecting all sorts of gadgetry to the Internet (IoT) is omnipresent at this point, even in the industry, where small and medium sized companies alike can join this tendency. This is undoubtedly the result of the arrival of Industry 4.0, which caused an exponential growth in this field. This poses a new challenge for the IT field, since it needs in-depth knowledge of networking and routing, and formidable knowledge of the different devices and programming languages alike. Our project premises an RFID-based fully-fledged access control system, with a targeted market of small to large companies, and also individuals, as the result of ease of use, low price, and simplicity.

Open access
Bending-Testing of Arrows

Abstract

Archery is a tradition, a style of martial arts and a competitive sport, while at the same time being an art form. The equipment consists of a bow and arrows. The deflection of the arrow is a very important characteristic, one which has a decisive influence on how and if the arrow reaches the target. This has a tremendous impact on the performance of the archer in both competition and archery demonstrations. The quantification and measurement of arrow deflection is equally important to both manufacturers and archers. It is affected by the arrow’s static bending. In this paper the bend of the arrow shall be determined.

Open access
Chip Removal Specialities in Multi-Directional Turning

Abstract

For machining of increasingly complicated geometries, the longitudinal and transverse turning operations should be performed with a single tool. Leading manufacturing companies have developed a number of constructions. The world’s largest manufacturer has recently revolutionised turning by launching roughing and finishing tools. The roughing insert can work with “high feed turning” in four different directions of movement. This tool has a unique chip forming and removal, it forms a unique machined surface. This study gives an overview of the results achieved in this area.

Open access
Comparison of Defuzzification Methods in The Case of Air Conditioning Systems

Abstract

This paper provides the design for air conditioning system and two different defuzzification methods. The air conditioner intelligent system is the control of two control parameter: the temperature and the humidity of the area. The inputs received by the temperature and humidity sensors give the closest output values for the air conditioning system. The simulation result shows temperature and humidity of the heat exchange by using defuzzification methods of centroid and middle of maxima (MoM) in the Fuzzy Logic Toolbox of MATLAB package program.

Open access
Consolidating The Control of Previously Automated Homes

Abstract

Nowadays, the number of smart homes is increasing steadily. People tend to try anything for better comfort for their family, or simply for themselves. We spend roughly half of our lives at home, so it’s only logical to focus and pursue higher comfort levels for our homes. This phenomenon opens enormous potential for automation, whether it is automatic garage doors, motorized shutters, access control systems, HVAC systems, or anything else that serves our well-being. This project looks at the implementation of some automation tasks, using a PLC (Programmable Logic Controller). This approach is different from conventional automation, thanks to the ability of the PLC to control everything in a building thus condensing three, or even four floors into one central unit.

Open access
Design of a Horizontal Anaerobic Reactor

Abstract

Adequate security measures at schools are essential, not only in Vojvodina but in all secondary schools. This work outlines the opinion of secondary school teachers concerning the mechanical and electronic protection of secondary school institutions. The present research aims to shed light on the significance of school security, and problems caused by its lack, as well as to offer suggestions towards increased security and protection.

Open access
Design of a Horizontal Anaerobic Reactor

Abstract

The economics of biogas plants have an impact on the justification of the industrial unit. The conditions of high-yielding high-quality biogas production are estimated on the basis of laboratory fermentation studies. In designing the laboratory fermenters, working conditions must be modelled. However, the biggest problem with the biological model is its size, because the magnitude is less than in industrial applications and therefore extremely sensitive to environmental influences. During the design, an important aspect is that the periodic mixing of the raw material can be done in the reactors as in the industry. This article shows the equipment based on empirical research.

Open access
Designing Procedure of Led-Halogen Hybrid Solar Simulator to Small Size Solar Cell Testing

Abstract

During the experimental investigation of solar cells, the quality of the illumination is essential. In the case of solar simulators, the main goal is the accurate reproduction of sunlight. The designing procedure of a halogen LED hybrid solar simulator is described in this article. One of the main goals is the compliance with the relevant standard (ASTM E972).

Open access