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Open access

Maria Szubert and Maria Respondek-Liberska

Abstract

Background: Inflammatory markers in prenatal ultrasound are a heterogeneous group of images that can evolve during pregnancy, due to regression or exacerbation of infection in pregnant women.

Objective:The assessment if effective rebalancing of the bacterial flora of the vagina can lead to withdrawal of the symptoms of inflammation in ultrasound examination (US).

Methods: A retrospective pilot study, among pregnant woman admitted to the Department of Prenatal Cardiology ICZMP in 2013-2014 in whom ultrasonographic signs of intrauterine infection were present. Electronic database were searched for key words ”infection, placentitis, tricuspid regurgitation, poly/oligohydramnion, IUGR, CRP, antibiotics, vaginal treatment”. The analysis included 238 patients, 30 received antibacterial vaginal treatment, from 27 patients a complete follow-up (control ultrasound after 10-14 days and data on labor) were obtained.

Results: The average age of patients was 29 years. In 22% of patients tricuspid regurgitation was observed and it was the most commonly recognized marker of infection. Regression of infection signs were observed in 21 patients (77.8%) after 2 weeks of vaginal treatment.

2 patients presented with ultrasound image stabilization, in 3 patients worsening of tricuspid regurgitation or cardiac hypertrophy were detected. Polyhydramnios, the second most common parameter (18.51% of patients) resolved after treatment in all studied patients. The delivery took place an average at 39th week of gestation (SD +/- 1.93).

Conclusions: Effective anti-inflammatory vaginal treatment improved ultrasound images in 21 out of 27 fetuses. These preliminary observations suggesting a beneficial role of the vaginal treatment on inflammatory markers in pregnancy ultrasound require further investigation.

Open access

Joanna Płużańska, Paweł Dryżek, Hanna Moczulska, Maciej Słodki, Michał Krekora, Ewa Gulczyńska, Tomasz Moszura, Jadwiga Moll and Maria Respondek-Liberska

Abstract

Pulmonary valve stenosis is a congenital heart defect that is possible to detect and diagnose during prenatal life. We present a retrospective analysis of ten cases with isolated critical pulmonary valve stenosis (IPVS) to establish echocardiographic criteria which could predict the possibility for postnatal balloon valvuloplasty performed shortly after delivery.

Open access

Hanna Moczulska and Maria Respondek-Liberska

Abstract

Holt-Oram syndrome is a rare genetic syndrome, characterized by upper limb anomalies and congenital heart defects. The overall prenatal detection rate is low. We report a case of fetus with Holt-Oram syndrome with the current review of the literature.

Open access

Małgorzata Sabatowska, Małgorzata Soroka and Maciej Słodki

Abstract

Congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries is a rare congenital heart defect. The clue of the abnormality is the inversion of the ventricles which caused abnormal atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial connections. This defect is seldom identified prenatally, much more seldom than the simple transposition of the great arteries, even though, we can observe it, on the image of 4 chambers of the heart. Prenatal diagnosis of this defect, at the 24th week of pregnancy and during the routine ultrasound scan, is being described below. The echocardiographical features of the congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries are being presented, with reference to the differences in the image of the 4 chamber view.

Open access

Paulina Kordjalik, Beata Radzymińska-Chruściel, Maciej Słodki, Agata Włoch, Joanna Szymkiewicz-Dangel, Maria Respondek-Liberska and Zdzisław Tobota

Abstract

As in every year since 2004, we analyzed data from the Polish National Registry for Fetal Cardiac Pathology to follow actual trends in types of congenital heart disease (CHD) and to assess the development of prenatal cardiology in Poland. Overall, the most frequent cardiac malformation detected prenatally in 2013 -2014, similar to the previous years, was hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). The average age of the examined fetuses was unchanged and remained above 20 weeks of gestation. An increased trend of detecting other cardiac malformations, such as transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) and aortic stenosis (AS), and the predominance of vaginal deliveries over cesarean deliveries suggested significant improvements in prenatal and perinatal care in Poland.

Open access

André Grotenhuis