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B.N.O. Irene

Abstract

Previous business research has highlighted the impact of government policy in the processes of formulating business strategies and in the decision-making process of organizations. In the South African context, a review of this impact on organizational strategy is for the most part important especially after the fall of apartheid as businesses have been saddled with widespread institutional change the purpose of which is to redress historic inequalities that characterized the apartheid regime. Specifically, the introduction of a far-reaching B-BBEE policy aimed at increasing participation of PIDs in economic activities. Previous researchers have been focused on the impact of B-BBEE policy on mergers and acquisitions, strategic decisions and value chain structures, as well as ROEs. The current report from STATS-SA indicates that the failure rate for women-owned businesses remains at a high rate despite the implementation of the B-BBEE policy. Therefore, research on the impact of BBBEE on business strategy and success of female SMMEs operators may provide an accurate and deep understanding that will be beneficial to policymakers because of the social pressures to emphasis more on a 'broad-based' BEE (B-BBEE) policy aimed at increasing the participation of the black population (and in particular women) in economic activities as well as increasing the number of black ownership in businesses or creating employment for the black population. This study used appropriate data tools and techniques to analyze the data drawn from a sample of female entrepreneurs in South Africa. The study applies culturally instantiated facets of the debate on gender entrepreneurship as part of a detailed and empirically sophisticated consideration of the status of female entrepreneurship within South Africa. This paper involves an in-depth survey using the ten dimensions of business performance as a basis to study small South African women-owned businesses given that the approach is useful in the development of a theory in fields where not much research has been undertaken. The businesses studied for this research are based on a setting where B-BBEE program is a principal factor in the strategic framework of the South African female business owner. This paper contributes to existing literature on the implications of the BBBEE program on SMEs by studying the relationship between business strategies, outcomes, and the B-BBEE program.

Open access

Svjetllana Kërënxhi and Pranvera Gjoci

Abstract

Many mathematical concepts and processes, besides the algebraic form of their presentation, can be modeled as well geometrically through diagrams and graphics. Both these aspects of concepts demonstration (algebraic and geometrical aspect) are present on mathematical textbooks of pre-university education. In this paper we consider algebraic and geometrical aspect on 6th grade math textbooks and in particular algebraic-geometrical duality, aiming that the fraction concept and the fraction calculation strategy to be assimilated better by the students. A study was made with 78 students to understand their abilities to express using algebraic symbols and to introduce mathematical situations with geometrical models for “Fractions” chapter. After the analysis of calculative strategies applied by students, in the article it is suggested that algebraic-geometrical duality must be included in teaching based on a complete framework. This will enable students to fully realize the deep understanding of concepts and the calculative strategies they are using.

Open access

Zamira Sinaj

Abstract

Poverty is a complex phenomenon involving various dimensions of not only the lack of goods and services. Being poor means being sick and not being able to see a doctor; all that it means to be unemployed and do not have a secure future; the poor rate it mean to be illiterate, not being able to attend school or abandon eaten; poverty rate means lack of many services and tools for everyday life. It 'hard to give a final definition of poverty because it varies from one period to another and from one country to another. Furthermore, poverty can be measured and evaluated in different ways. The evaluation of poverty based on a multidimensional definition of poverty and deprivation in income or consumption, seen from the flows, but also the non-monetary context poverty defined on my inadequacy of a series of welfare measures that have no income, as in education, health, empowerment, access to basic services and infrastructure.

Open access

Arbresha Beka

Abstract

The purpose of this action research is to examine the impact of Mathematics games on the understanding of concepts of numbers and numbering with preschool children. The research involved a total of 58 children from four groupings of “Naim Frashëri” school and their parents. Firstly, it was condacted pretest, with the aim of identifying the children who have difficulties and problems with adopting Mathematics concepts, followed by an action plan in class. The research was implemented during the first semester of 2014. During this period, three action plans on learning the number and numbering concepts were realized: in the first action plan - through Games with manipulativ tools; in the second action plan through Games in nature; whilst the third action plan involved Mathematics and Logic Games. The study involved data collection through observation lists, focus group, questionnaires with parents, working sheets, preparing the test before, during and after the action plan. Afterwards, we observed the data and analyzed it through statistical methods, thematic methods, coding the information extracted from questionnaires with parents and the observation list. The results of this research show that the uses of the mathematic games with preschool children’s have an impact in the development on understanding's the number and numbering concepts. The use of Mathematics games, also have a direct impact on effectiveness and quality during Mathematics classes.

Open access

Odeta Berberi

Abstract

The present paper addresses the following questions: In what way have the European Union (EU) political conditionality affect minority rights in the Western Balkan (WB) region? Did the EU political conditionality on minority issues succeed in addressing the stateness problems in Croatia? With the term “impact” I mean the absorption of formal and informal rules, procedures, norms and practices and I am going to analyze the relation European Union/Western Balkans as unidirectional i.e. the transposing of EU rules on accession countries. In the first part of this work I will analyse the EU standard of minority rights (internal dimension) and compare it with the norm ‘content’ in its external dimension. In the second part, the EU approach concerning minority rights toward the WB region, will be explored. In order to do so I will analyse the Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges produced by the European Commission (EC) from 2004. In the above document the EC emphasize the main challenges and set out the priorities for the whole region, considered as a single entity. In Western Balkans region we do have an example of recent accession. For this reason, the empirical analysis of this paper will focus on the pre-accession process of one of the new member states, Croatia. In the end I will draw some conclusions concerning the future prospects of the WB region concerning the EU conditionality and the real impact of minority right in the process.

Open access

Elona Cera and Nevila Furxhiu

Abstract

The entrepreneur aim is a very important factor, which is considered as a key element in youth employment and the development of the country's welfare. Literature suggests that same of factors which influence enterpreneurship intention are educatin programs, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control. This study was conducted based on an intentional sample, which consisted of master's student, respectively the first year Business Administration and Public Administration, in Economic Faculty of Tirana University. The sample is composed with 63 people. The empirical analysis is based in the main two elements: first, the use of a standardized instrument and secondly, statistical analysis, factor analysis, correlation and linear regression. The study shows that education programs and subjective norms don’t relate positively with the entrepreneur aim. On the other hand, it emerges that perceived behavioral control has a positive impact on the development of entrepreneurial goal.

Open access

Ariola Kaza

Abstract

The idea of the functional area was extremely important to the territorial reform which was implemented in Albania during the year 2014. Through this reform new and bigger local units were determined and high expectations were set toward a more consistent development and more efficient use of the public sector resources as well as utilization of the private sector energies. This study was conducted in the period of March - September 2015. Data is extracted from existing sources. The main data are retrieved by local government units which constitute Lezha’s functional area as well as Lezha District. Tourism and Agriculture are regarded as the most important sectors from all development strategies of local units. There are other growing sectors in Lezha which are making progress, albeit a bit slowly. They are worthy of attention due to the number of businesses and their employees. The most pronounced industries here are timber, fish processing industry, agriculture and livestock products. Another industry of considerable significance in this area is that of extracting and processing construction materials and nonmetallic mineral reserves. The territorial reform implemented in Albania aimed at efficient use of the public sector resources, as well as toward utilization of the private sector energies.

Open access

Eko Harry Susanto and Silviana Dharma Zhang

Abstract

In Indonesia, there are three preconditions for a successful marriage: being of legal age for marriage; parental approval, especially from the father; and religious and ethnic compatibility. The Indonesian Marriage Law provides that “a marriage is legitimate, if it has been performed according to the laws of the respective religions and beliefs of the parties concerned”. This clause indirectly prohibits inter-religious or interfaith marriage. Therefore, every religion in Indonesia encourages it followers to marry someone of the same religious faith. This research examines the issue of interfaith marriage as reported by Indonesia’s cyber media. Case studies are presented to explain why different media institutions have differing stances on the issue. Using a qualitative approach, the research uses the analytical data technique of Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis. The authors analyzed three cyber media, Republika Online, Kompas.com, and Sinarharapan.co from September to December 2014. One key aim was to discover which media have the tendency to support diversity, discourse practice, and sociocultural practice. Results indicated that Islam-oriented media, such as Republika Online, tend to reject the movement for the legalization of interfaith marriage, as interfaith marriage is banned by Islamic shari’ law. Secular online media, such as Kompas.com with an independent ethos of transcendental humanism, lean toward support for rights and legal certainty for interfaith spouses. Meanwhile, Christian-oriented Sinarharapan.co tended to neglect the issue, as if deeming it irrelevant to its readership.

Open access

Noureddine Azmi

Abstract

Research has shown that the use of Info-Tech in the EFL classroom can improve and enhance students′ language acquisition and substantially motivate them to continue their learning and stimulate their creativity and passion. However, the challenges and barriers that many EFL teachers and professors encounter while attempting to incorporate ICT in their teaching have triggered debates and growing concerns about the real utility of ICT use in the language classroom. So, do these benefits provide tangible evidence for the improvement of English language teaching and learning or are they just knickknacks that are beautiful rather than useful? Does the use of ICT in the EFL classroom boost learning and provide an environment for a more productive and varied learning? Research findings show that the use of information technology in the language classroom boosts autonomous learning, maximises targeted outcomes, motivates learners and helps them improve their performance in the EFL classroom. However, using ICT without careful planning and well-defined objectives will more likely be a waste of time and effort.

Open access

Ogutu Tobias Adera, Kochung Edwards Joash, Adoyo Peter Oracha and Matu Peter Maina

Abstract

Learners in different countries are currently being taught language at their functioning level irrespective of grade levels. District Evaluation Tests in Kenya indicate that Class Three prelingually deaf learners are not being taught English at their functioning level. During the period 2010 - 2012, the learners obtained mean scores of 19.1-29.9%. However, the results did not show their functioning level in grammar to facilitate suitable intervention The purpose of the study was to assess the leaners′ functioning level in English grammar.. Theory of Syntax by Noam Chomsky was adapted and used. The study employed qualitative and evaluative research designs Study population consisted of 337 prelingually deaf learners and 65 English teachers. Multi-Stage and purposive sampling techniques were used to select 178 learners and 16 teachers respectively for the study Data was collected using a questionnaire and a test. The instruments were verified for validity. and tested for reliability. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and error analysis. None (0.0%) of the 178 learners obtained the criterion pass mark of 50%. The learners′ functioning level in English grammar was found to be at Class One level at the beginning of the school year. It was recommended that the learners be taught English grammar from Class One level at the beginning of the school year. The findings may be used by schools and the Ministry of Education for intervention.