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National Security and Critical Infrastructure Protection

Abstract

The link between national security and the protection of critical infrastructure is vital to the progress of any society and its proper social functioning. The term critical infrastructure was developed by the United States in the 1990s and it has evolved in time; nowadays, most of the current definitions include the security dimension in their content. Along with its many benefits, the technological advancement has brought with it the diversification of threats that could lead to the malfunctioning of critical infrastructures. The new weapons of the 21st century and the new asymmetric threats constitute real dangers to the good functioning of every critical infrastructure. Once they may be interrupted, the normal functioning of the whole society would be endangered because of the domino effects it causes. In this article we will look at how the link between critical infrastructure and national security is reflected in national regulations and crisis scenarios, highlighting the main strengths and the existing legislative gaps along with discussing their applicability.

Open access
The Need for Determining and Assessing Risk in Economic Activity

Abstract

In modern terms, risk management is a concept applicable to economic agents, which represent a factor that generates economic and financial performance. In this respect, I appreciate that it is obvious that risk management is a necessity in the activity of any organization regardless of the field of activity or its objectives. Additionally, observing the procedural elements specific to the identification, analysis, quantification and assessment of the economic risk will lead to the company being correctly diagnosed and facilitates the identification of solutions for its elimination, or mitigation within the parameters of a controllable area.

Open access
Numerical Models for the Analysis of the Acoustic Wave Propagation

Abstract

This paper presents some authors’ results regarding numerical modelling of the acoustic wave propagation, using the Ansys program. The acoustic wave propagation is studied under conditions of existence of acoustic absorbing panels. Different materials are taken into account (aluminium, foam, oak, polystyrene) for considered acoustic absorbing panels. Also, different dimensions and different cases for fixing the panels were considered. The acoustic wave propagation was studied in stationary conditions and in dynamic conditions at different values of sound frequencies. A comparative analysis is performed regarding the influence of different conditions upon acoustic wave propagation. Our studies presented in this paper are referring to the acoustic propagation in an open space, like on airports or around the acoustic sources placed in open space. The aim of this paper is to offer our experience in this field for a numerical analysis of the ways for sound level reduction. Also the facilities of the Ansys program for the solving of such problems are presented in a practical manner of use.

Open access
“Open” Category Unmanned Aerial Systems Harmonized Standards and Requirements Complex

Abstract

The steadily increasing use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) is an important factor for the military and civil aviation safety on a global scale. One of the critical conditions for the efficient functioning of the European aviation safety system is the establishment and implementation in practice of a comprehensive regulatory framework for the use of unmanned systems in the Common European Airspace. The aviation authorities and industry strive to introduce a set of rules and requirements that adequately and flexibly guarantee a high level of safety without limiting the development of the UAS market. This article proposes a set of standards that should be met by “Open” category UAS with the intention to execute operations in the European airspace.

Open access
Organizational Behavior in the Central Public Institutions

Abstract

Redefining recruitment systems and evaluating civil servants to take into account a number of general macroeconomic issues. Professionalization of the public function in order to identify future practical solutions to recruitment and evaluation processes is necessary to make a decision on several fundamental aspects of the public service system. Analysis of the relationship between the available human resources and the probable evolution of the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the existing resources as well as the design of future resources.

Open access
Particularities of the Educational Leadership in the Military Environment

Abstract

The military leader is the central pillar of all military structures, whose functionalism is sustained and enhanced by the exercise of an effective leadership. Explaining the role and place of the military leader in an organizational context creates prerequisites for the identification of his/her action situations from an educational perspective. In this context it becomes necessary and useful to investigate the issue of the educational leadership on delimiting the conceptual framework, identifying the exigencies and forms of exercising the educational leadership, as well as the particularities of the educational leadership at the tactical level. From this approach, implications of habit-forming arise.

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Peculiarities Regarding Satellite Navigation on the Territory of Romania

Abstract

This paper describes the particularities of satellite navigation on the territory of Romania in search of solutions to improve the accuracy of these systems. The performance of a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is influenced by many factors, including distortion of the signal, the influence of the ionosphere and the troposphere, multipath propagation. Some of these factors depend on the geographical position and the environment in which the navigation system is used. Moreover, Romania is located at the border of coverage of two Satellite Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS) – European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS) and System for Differential Corrections and Monitoring (SDCM) which leads to some peculiarities regarding satellite navigation.

Open access
Personal Online Identity-Branding or Impression Management

Abstract

It is said that western society is heading toward individuation, towards personalization. This, along with continuous technological progress, triggers the concept of Personal Identity Online (PIO) which highlights and tailors a specific characteristic of an individual’s behavior in an online network of similar ones, benefitting from a single opportunity to shape an individual’s identity differently from the one he has in reality. Looked at from the network of ties existent in a social online environment, identity is tailored by each individual representation in virtual encounters. This representation is provided by the users’ profiles while the posts used are enriched and shared account for the visual representation of alterity. The present paper looks at how impression management and personal branding are developed in the social network environment in a desire to complete personal characteristics that reality did not grant. Analysis on posted content, management of information and social manifestation are involved to this end.

Open access
Perspectives on the Risk in Military Capabilities Management

Abstract

The need for efficient management of defense-related resources has become a primary objective for every nation, regardless of whether it belongs to an alliance or not. Current societal challenges generate a series of redrafts of how these resources are managed. Only a quantitative approach to defense resources is no longer a solution, but an integrated medium and long-term approach is an appropriate solution to the new security environment. The risk, as a component of military capabilities management, should be carefully analyzed, localized and treated in order not to jeopardize the effectiveness of the use of defense resources.

Open access
The Position of NATO and Great Britain on the Crisis in Soviet-Romanian Relations During the Autumn 1968 As Reflected in British Documents

Abstract

During September-November 1968 there was a crisis situation in the Romanian-Soviet relations, generated by the criticism that the Romanian government formulated for the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia on August 23, 1968. This crisis came to the attention of decision-makers in the United Kingdom and Allied bodies within NATO. Both the British Cabinet and the representatives of the North Atlantic Alliance member countries held several meetings in which the issue of Romania and Yugoslavia was discussed in the context of Soviet threats. The Secretary of State of the Foreign Office visited Romania and discussed with Nicolae Ceauşescu, Ion Gheorghe Maurer and Corneliu Mănescu. This article aims to present debates within the NATO and the UK bodies on the political crisis in the Romanian-Soviet relations from the autumn of 1968 and the position adopted by them against a possible Soviet invasion in Romania and Yugoslavia.

Open access