Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 22 items for :

  • Safety and Risk Management x
Clear All
Open access

Miriama Piňosová and Ervin Lumnitzer

Abstract

In the working and outside environment a single factor is never found by itself, rather there are always a number of factors the effects of which can be combined, multiplied and thus adversely affect the human body. Evaluating and assessing health risks at work due to exposure to harmful work factors and the working environment is a challenging and long-term process. Limit values are defined for the categorization of types of work in such a way that it is not foreseeable that, according to current scientific knowledge, they will be detrimental to the health of employees. However, these limit values are set for each factor alone and do not take into account the effect of the combined action of individual factors on the human body. The research aimed at assessing the combined effects of risk factors on human health. The experimental proposal of the assessment focuses on the workplace featuring metalworking machinery and technological equipment. The author paid a significant attention to the risk assessment process and synergistic effects of factors.

Open access

Beata Hricová and Ervin Lumnitzer

Abstract

Environmental performance of each product is defined already at the stage of its design - in its pre-production stage. Environmental quality of the product is one of the most important factors of environmental performance of a product. Environmental quality includes a range of criteria that indicate the nature of the product and its environmental impact throughout its life cycle. The comparative analysis method is one of the ways to assess the environmental quality of the product. The article gives a specific example of the assessments carried out on the impact drills (of one specific brand) with different technical parameters.

Open access

Marianna Kizeková, Viera Rusňáková and Ľubomír Legáth

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) may have toxic effects at concentrations much lower than the concentration at which its stifling effect of asphyxiant is reflected. In the workplace, the maximum permissible exposure limit of 5000 ppm is permitted on the average. However, there are certain places where the concentration of CO2 in an enclosed room or area may potentially reach extreme and life-threatening levels. Extreme levels of CO2 may lead to death, especially in enclosed spaces, such as in fermentation rooms or in the process of wine production or in breweries. CO2 may have negative effects on health and safety at the workplace. Monitoring and control of CO2 in the working environment is important for the safety and health of employees and is one of the approaches to a healthier environment in the workplace. The use of CO2 sensors to control the ventilation can be an effective measure.

Open access

Dana Procházková and Miroslav Rusko

Abstract

Security situation in the world, in each territory and generally in each asset, continuously changes with time, and therefore, there is formed new safety culture that takes into account actual knowledge and experiences with interdependences among the public assets leading to extreme social crises. With regard to the historical development at present there are lots of management types that differ by aims and by assets that they respect. Consecutively in present human society there are groups that shielded by individual management type aims fight against each other, and at the same time all of them goes on good human existence. The paper deals with the relation between human system safety management and environmental management.

Open access

Lubica Feriancova and Gabriel Kuczman

Abstract

This paper describes the present state of historical gardens and parks which were founded around domiciles of the gentry in the area of Turiec valley, Slovakia. Almost forty of these manor houses are located in the area. In the past, the park or the ornamental garden was created in the immediate vicinity of these buildings. The current state of their attached historical greenery described in this contribution is based on field investigation. Natural landscape parks have been preserved to the best degree by nobility in Mosovce and Turcianska Stiavnicka which used to belong to the Revay family. The park in the village Zaturcie is partially well preserved. The other parks and gardens were destroyed to a large degree and their existence can be accounted for only by occasional older trees. Some difficulties in conservation or reconstruction of these historical landscapes are described in the presented work as well.

Open access

Tomáš Kertis and Dana Procházková

Abstract

The work deals with analysis of different transportation domains in horizontal and vertical meaning. It looks for conformity in approaches and terms. It loans to concept of integral safety, i.e. a tool for ensuring the human security; it covers next engineering areas, for instance dependability management, functional safety, security of cyber-physical systems, technical and physical security, surveillance, occupational safety, safe place, human safety etc. Recent professional approaches of safety management and risk engineering are compared with current trends in transportation. It is clear that advanced professional procedures are needed for planned Smart Cities and Industry 4.0 in transportation domain practice; this work contribute to building the unified experts´ language from various transportation domains.

Open access

Roman Zinko and Oksana Bilyk

Abstract

Human society is more and more negatively influencing the environment. Besides caused damage, there is inefficient use of resources. An efficient approach to reducing the negative influence on environment at constant development of society has to be complex. It is relevant to consider possible variants of saving approach towards resources that the human takes from the environment and, at that, to take into account the possibility of recycling them and using sources of renewable energy. At that point, active social mind towards ecological problems and ways of solving them in different areas of technocratic society’s activity is important.

Open access

René Arvola, Kaja Lutsoja, Ülo Kristjuhan and Piia Tint

Abstract

Developed countries are concerned about financial problems that are caused by people’s continuously extending life span. Telework can be seen as a tool of influencing the senior employees to postpone their retirement. Current research uses empirical data from a survey with 127 respondents that work for real estate companies in Estonia. Results show that a great number of older people who are currently working with information communication technology (ICT) agree to work longer if they can use telework. It is necessary to educate employees and employers about the disadvantages and risks concerning telework as well as introducing the potential of telework.

Open access

Aleksandrs Politika, Māris Ziemelis, Inese Vilcāne, Vladimirs Jemeļjanovs and Valentīna Urbāne

Abstract

The article contains a study on technical resources of the State Fire and Rescue Service (hereinafter referred to as SFRS) for the provision of rescue works at height, its technical capabilities and problems in performance of particular tasks. Since most of ladder trucks and lift trucks used by SFRS are obsolete both physically and morally as well as in view of problems with provision of rescue works arising with changing specificity of urban infrastructure, it is necessary to renew SFRS motor fleet with a modern machinery, more efficient in firefighting and rescue works. The study aims to review the variety of SFRS lift trucks and ladder trucks, reflect the problems with operation of SFRS lift trucks and ladder trucks and propose to SFRS possible solutions for operation of SFRS lift trucks and ladder trucks and other problems.

Open access

Natālija Cudečka-Puriņa

Abstract

Waste management is often recognised in the society as an activity sector possessing an extensive potential harm on technogenic safety. As most of the European Union countries have experienced at least theoretical shift from waste management to resource management, it is now extremely important to implement this shift in practice, moving from disposing waste or by-products to developing a cooperation network that allows different industries to use each other’s waste as resources. This shift will lead to saving of primary resources and raw materials and develop recycling and reuse, bringing them to a higher level.