The purpose of the article is – firstly – to get an answer to the question of what image of Polish patriotism is offered by the Internet fake, like and hate, and secondly – to reflect on its causes and consequences for the Polish community. The text presents the results of the author’s own research with comments and conclusions. The presented research relied, in turn, on the content analysis of the memory narratives constructed by users of Polish patriotic accounts functioning on Facebook. More importantly, the analyses focused on both formal issues (the number of sites and their popularity), as well as substantive ones (issues discussed within a given website, threads raised and users’ opinions).
The subject of the article is the issue of axiological diversity of political movements of the far right, understood on the basis of metapolitics, i.e. religious, philosophical or civilizational values. The far right considered on this ground allows us to define the so-called ideological core, i.e. the characteristics of this political trend. The fundamental features of the far right in this approach are the primacy of spiritual values over material ones and radical social and political anti-egalitarianism, expressed in opposition to subsequent ideologies referring to the egalitarian ideals of the Enlightenment. The opposition to modernity, in its real form, was common to all the factions of the far right. The difference is visible, however, between the supporters of the restoration of old socio-political institutions and those who, under the influence of nihilism, rejected the possibility of returning to the past institutions, postulating the creation of new forms expressing the eternal traditional principles. From this point of view, it is possible to indicate the fundamental paths of development of the far right, which began in the first half of the 20th century, yet still retain their cognitive value in relation to the contemporary movements of this trend.
This chapter discusses the continuities, changes and ruptures in Brazilian sport from the profiles of the Ministers of Sport and the budget of the Ministry of Sport from 2003 to 2018. For that, we identify the sport in a social panorama that includes President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s election, the choice of Brazil to host the 2014 World Cup and the Olympics 2016, the 2013 June Journeys and the 2016 coup. Data are presented on the profile of the Ministers and the resources of the Ministry of Sports in the period between 2003 and 2018 to assist a reflection on the different political and social moments the country went through in the period. The conclusions after the analysis indicated that such changes affected sport in Brazil and that more research is needed to clarify the extent of such modifications and its consequences.
Demographically, Siberia has been a remote and sparsely populated base of European Russia. The population of the Ural Federal District between 1989 and 2010 (within the borders of 2002) decreased by 0.45 million, Siberian Federal District by 4.90 million people and the Far Eastern Federal District by 1.65 million people. That is, the population of three federal districts decreased by 6.99 million people in just 21 years.
In the years 2010-2019, the number of inhabitants of the Ural Federal District increased slightly from 12.08 million to 12.35 million people, i.e. by 0.27 million people. The population of the Siberian Federal District (within the borders of 2019) in the years 2010-2019 decreased by 0.004 million people. The number of inhabitants of the Far Eastern Federal District (within the borders of 2019) in the period 2010-2019 decreased by 0.18 million people.
In total, in the years 2010-2019, the population of the three federal districts recorded a slight increase of 0.082 million people.
Sports diplomacy is a tool of foreign policy. Similarly to public diplomacy, for which sports diplomacy is a sub-category, it may also have a domestic dimension. The objective of the research was to overview key types of sports diplomacy activities pursued by governments from the perspective of their internal political significance and to answer the research question whether sports diplomacy may be used to influence the domestic public. The hypothesis to be verified within the research stated that sports diplomacy, despite being a foreign policy tool, is not separated from the internal policy.
The research allowed for confirmation of the hypothesis. It has been observed that both sports diplomacy directed at shaping relations with other countries and at influencing the international image of a state, apart from their external dimensions, also have an effect on the domestic public. It may be about testing the society’s willingness and readiness for a change in the state of relations with another country or might be connected with creating national unity.
The paper points to new difficulties and new expectations towards the Polish school. The presence of a greater number of immigrant students results in the school and teachers having to face new challenges. However, one often forgets that pupils too are put in a new school and in a new cultural situation. On top of that, pupils in a class that welcome new classmates should be prepared for the meeting with a different culture or tradition in order to understand their new friends better. One also needs to think how to support the child’s parents for whom it is also a very difficult time. Support from the school, teachers and other parents is very important. It will enable the child to step into new duties more quickly and it will allow the parents to understand requirements and expectations.
Tourism is a growing service economic sector that creates jobs for many communities in the world. Ethnic minority communities in many countries are also now taking part in tourism activities. Vietnam is a country with great potentials for natural landscapes, historical values, indigenous culture of ethnic groups with habits and lifestyles, rich culinary culture of regions. It is the basis for development of tourism. Through tourism, tourists will understand the daily life of indigenous peoples, but at the same time people in these ethnic minority communities will have the opportunity to access popular cultural phenomena. This thesis discusses the ethnic minority communities’ access to popular culture through tourism such as mass media, popular culinary culture or mass tourism. The case study was conducted in a village of ethnic minorities in Hoa Binh province, North Vietnam which has been undergoing changes under the impact of tourism in recent years.
This article deals with the emerging far right movements in Georgia, where the growing Europeanization process is taking place. Therefore, it aims to determine how relevant the European-experienced understanding of the far right with the similar movement political positions is. The article presents the stances of the members of far right movements (Georgian March, Anti-liberals, Georgian National Unity and Edelweiss) on foreign and identity policy and different socio-ethical issues, also assessed the neo-populist manner and belief in supremacy of the law. The conclusion summarizes the major characteristics of these far right movements in comparative way.
This is a common knowledge that demographic trends in the EU Member States does not ensure the substitutability of generations. Trying to explain the situation we usually point at cultural changes. Presuming that everyone looks for a meaningful life that brings satisfaction and sense we shall ask if contemporary European perceive parenthood as an important condition of that kind of life. The aim of the article is to test the correlation between the life satisfaction and a low fertility rate in the European Union countries, in general, and in Poland, in particular. The relevant data were provided by the Eurobarometer and CBOS.
The aim of this article is to discuss the ideological function of mountain landscape in the Basque nationalism and the importance of sport, especially mountain sports and activities, in the process of creating, reproducing and transmitting Basque identity. It includes an outline of the history of the Basque presence in the mountains, as well as the political dimension of hiking in the mountains and conquering mountain peaks. The question of the relationship between language, identity and the lifestyle of the individual and the family is analyzed, too. The text concludes that a mountain was an important space for celebration of Basque identity and even sometimes is considered the symbol of the Basque culture. The article is based on the author’s field research in the Basque Autonomous Community (observations, interviews, analysis of documents). This study advances our understanding of the nature of Basque nationalism and identity.