Browse

You are looking at 31 - 40 of 71 items for :

  • Energy Industry x
Clear All
Open access

Iveta Stāmure, Jānis Kaminskis and Kamil Kowalczyk

Abstract

In Latvia, the issues of the Real Estate Cadastre are arranged; however, it should be noted that part of the issues affecting the Baltic Sea, i.e., the issues of the Marine Cadastre, are not covered by the Real Estate Cadastre. The status of the Baltic coastline is an essential element of infrastructure for all countries around the Baltic Sea. This baseline serves as the key element or reference for the Marine Cadastre. In place-to-place, this line is the dynamic element as it is possible to monitor location with advanced and progressive technologies. The issues of the Marine Cadastre are on the agenda in many EU countries, and several internаtional projects are being reаlized. Land parcels from the sea are registered and maintained in the Cadastre Information System in Latvia. Starting from 2017, the State Land Service of Latvia has started to register coastal areas two kilometres in width from the Baltic Sea baseline. Cadastral information about the Marine Cadastre is being used for spatial planning and taxation.

Open access

Leonora Haliti Rudhani, Hysen Ismajli and Albulena Mustafa

Abstract

Responding to globalization of the international business environment the companies need to draw and present reliable and comparable audited financial statements, and consequently there is a vital need to implement international financial reporting standards. Foreign investments in Kosovo as a new developing country are growing. The purpose of this paper is to consider the role of audited financial statements in encouraging foreign investment in the private sector in Kosovo. To examine this issue, we have analysed three determinant factors in presenting financial statements to the foreign investors: auditor’s report, auditor reputation and relevance of auditor’s findings. The results of this study indicate that these variables have a positive effect on promotion of foreign investment. These results also revealed that audited financial statements are very important for Kosovo companies in order to ensure an equal worldwide treatment.

Open access

Jānis Vanags, Ineta Geipele, Auseklis Sarkans and Didzis Usenieks

Abstract

Housing market participants constantly face the housing heterogeneity - the technical and socio-economic differences of dwellings in a certain populated area. Housing heterogeneity often complicates the managerial decision making related to housing transactions, identification and objective evaluation of the quantitative and qualitative aspects of transactions. Housing heterogeneity is an objective phenomenon that implies housing uniqueness - housing distinguishing characteristics divided into specific and interconnected groups within the framework of the research. Most of these differences can be noticed by each market participant, but some of them can be identified only by experienced and professionally trained market participants. Theory and practice have demonstrated that the constituent groups of heterogeneity influence each other and take part in the formation of market value and transaction price of housing units. The increased housing construction intensity, the continuous modernisation of construction technologies and the diversification of building materials used in housing construction, as well as restriction of the building plot of land change the quantitative and qualitative aspects of heterogeneity dimensions. This poses considerable challenges to market participants in the managerial decision making process related to housing transactions. Research results demonstrate that the socio-economic elements of housing heterogeneity are constantly changing under the influence of the dominating factors of the external and internal environment. Therefore, nowadays, housing heterogeneity has become a major cause of information asymmetry, which means that heterogeneity is inherent in the formation of socio-economic market barriers in the housing market.

Open access

Giedrius Kaveckis

Abstract

The meaning of the term “green city” today is more related to sustainability rather than to vegetation or greenery. Therefore, the aim of this research is not to develop another complex green index, but simply to calculate and compare a share of greenery among functional urban areas of three Baltic capitals. Comparison was done using GIS tools and analysing Urban Atlas, CORINE and degree of soil sealing datasets. Although the results of Urban Atlas and CORINE datasets showed slight disagreement, it has been discovered that Tallinn has the highest share of greenery, Vilnius is in the middle and Riga is the last. Analysis of 1990, 2000, 2006 and 2012 CORINE datasets showed the highest relative decrease of greenery in Riga (2.53 %) over time, Tallinn was the second (1.44 %) and the smallest decrease (0.53 %) was in Vilnius. The analysis of degree of soil sealing demonstrated the highest relative share of pervious surfaces in Tallinn (95.5 %) and the smallest share in Vilnius (92.1 %), therefore this research nominates Tallinn as the greenest (literally) capital of the Baltic States.

Open access

Ana Letícia B. F. Lemos and Linda Kauškale

Abstract

In Recife, Brazil, population growth and development of buildings in the Central region generated an increase of almost 70% in the last 20 years due to the large number of companies that have been allocated in the city generating an increase in the local economy and the significant population increase, creating huge heat islands. Due to this, a new technology has been implemented in the real estate market: The green roofs, a technology of sustainable coverage that allows implantation of soil and vegetation in a waterproofed layer on the constructions. The benefits of this technology include the reduction of temperature by consumption of CO2, a good option for storing rainwater for nonpotable purposes and the possibility of growing organic vegetable gardens for own consumption or sale, generating a new form of income. The aim of the research is to evaluate the factors that interfere with the introduction of sustainable coverage technology of green roofs in the present siting of the city. In this article, the factors that interfere with the implementation of green roof technology in the present siting of the city will be evaluated, focusing on the analysis of internal and external influencing factor. Comparison, historical, statistical data analysis, induction, logical access methods and external and internal influencing factor analysis were used in the research besides the practical development of arguments and graphical representation of research results.

Open access

Linda Kauškale, Ineta Geipele, Jānis Vanags and Natalija Lepkova

Abstract

The importance of environmental aspects in construction is growing during the time. The aim of the research is to analyze environmental aspects of construction industry development and related regulations in Latvia, including the last green building certification development tendencies. The analysis, historical, document review and logical access methods have been used in the research. The article also includes overview of the international experience. The results of research show growing importance of environmental aspects in construction process and the necessity for market participants and industry development to consider them.

Open access

Arbana Sahiti, Arben Sahiti and Muhamet Aliu

Abstract

Today risk management plays a vital role in business. Each firm, whether big or small, makes an effort to manage risk more effectively. Risk management is very important in the financial system, especially in banks. Billions of Euros are spent each year on the financial reporting of banks. Banks should implement effective solutions in risk management to mitigate their risks. Great financial debate that originated in the 1990s is reportedly linked to errors that occurred in the banking sector due to poor risk management. It should be noted that today technology plays a key role in risk management and it has already had a positive effect on the financial industry. Analysis of risk and its management has become significant in the Kosovo economy since the post-war period. The nature of the banking business is threatened by risks because more financial products are becoming complicated. The main role of banks is intermediation between those who have resources and those seeking them. Banks face various risks at the corporate level, such as operational, liquidity, legal, credit, and market risks; thus, these risks should be converted into a composite measure. This research aims to determine practices and effects of risk management in the banking sector. Relevant data were collected from banks through questionnaires and telephone interviews; analysis has been conducted using statistical tools. This study will engage both the quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis. Dependent variables will be separated from independent variables, and regression analysis will be used to analyse the quantitative data.

Open access

Ņikita Kočanovs, Raja Kočanova and Olesja Bogodistaja

Abstract

The publication presents the results of the analysis of the issues related to lighting quality parameters and characteristics, its impact on human productivity, activities, safety, well-being, comfort, perception, behaviour and health in different visual environments (office, home, educational, industrial working place, urban environments). Studies show that lighting, its planning and qualitative settings, is a significant indoor environmental quality, energy efficiency and sustainability parameter, and plays an important role in the urban environment.

Open access

Iveta Puķīte and Sanda Geipele

Abstract

This article discusses the need to determine customer satisfaction and how to use it in non-mortgage asset management companies. The aim of the article is to discover the essential elements necessary for ensuring customer satisfaction in real estate management companies. A customer satisfaction survey, which enables the management company to gain information about customer needs and control the quality of provided services, is essential for successful operation of the companies in order to maintain a high standard in one of the fundamental values - quality of customer service. The present article analyses the results of the research obtained by interviewing the clients of the real estate management company. In the conclusion, proposals are made for methods in order to continue improving customer satisfaction.

Open access

Edmond Çera and Arta Sinamati

Abstract

In many aspects, Albania as a transition country has several weaknesses when compared to its neighbor countries. Even though the collapse of the communist regime was reached at almost the same time with other Balkan countries, Albania still remains outside the European Union and has to face an immature government and problematic progress in several areas. Corruption is one of the most problematic issues in Albania. This research paper is based on the data collected by IDRA Research & Consulting and in the course of empirical analysis. It studies the relation between corruption and the microeconomic factors, categorized as demographic and socio-economic factors. In other words, this study aims to examine why some individuals are more willing to accept corruption than other. Based on prominent previous studies in this field, which were discussed to a relatively limited degree, this paper aims to build an empirical model for Albania that helps to explain why some individuals are more tolerant with regard to corruption. As previous studies have shown, such factors as gender, the area of living, region, experience or wrong conception are expected to be listed among the indicators that determine perception of corruption. This study takes into account the findings of literature review when setting up the regression. The results argue that factors such as the area of living, political orientation, the level of trust in institutions, personal experience with corruption, and the right conception of corruption are important factors determining the level of corruption perception.