The development of the real estate market contributes to the development of the national economy, thus creating a favourable investment climate for the investors. Increase in the level of the incomes of the inhabitants may increase the availability of housing in the country by fiscal and monetary policy instruments. The topicality of the paper is related to the need for analysis of the trends and prospects of the real estate market development of the Baltic States, as it has a high social meaning and has a high importance for market participants. The objective of the research is to analyse influencing factors and tendencies of real estate market development in Baltic States, and includes a comparative analysis of the residential property market in the Baltic States is conducted. The research methods used in the paper are statistical data analysis, historical and logical approach methods. The article focuses mainly on the housing market. It was concluded in the study that under the similar geographic and economic conditions in the Baltic States, the housing affordability index and real estate market development tendencies have many differences and success indicators are still varying.