Social Entrepreneurship is an area of entrepreneurship and economics in general that have become more and more popular in the last 30 years across the whole globe. However, the topics related to social entrepreneurship came in focus in Croatia during the past years due to developing and adopting the Strategy for the Development of Social Entrepreneurship in the Republic of Croatia for the period from 2015 to 2020. This paper will provide an overview of the relevant definitions of social entrepreneurship, social entrepreneur and social enterprise (with reference to the Strategy). The aim of this paper is to analyse the strategic framework for development of social entrepreneurship in Croatia and finally, to propose the direction of development of social entrepreneurship in Croatia in the future.
Abu-Saifan, S. (2012). Social Entrepreneurship: Definition and Boundaries. Technology Innovation Management Review, February 2012: Technology Entrepreneurship, 22-27. Retrieved from http://www.timreview.ca/sites/default/files/article_PDF/Saifan_TIMReview_February2012_2.pdf
Ashoka, Retrieved from https://www.ashoka.org/en/ashokas-history; https://www.ashoka.org/en/story/new-gam
Austin, J., Stevenson, H. & Wei-Skillern, J. (2006) Social and commercial entrepreneurship: Same, different, or both?, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 30(1), 1-22. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2006.00107.x
Bacq, S. & Janssen, F. (2011). The multiple faces of social entrepreneurship: A review of definitional issues based on geographical and thematic criteria,. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 23(5-6), 373-403. DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2011.577242
Bayulgen, O. (2008). Muhammad Yunus, Grameen Bank and the Nobel Peace Prize: What Political Science Can Contribute to and Learn From the Study of Microcredit, International Studies Review, 10, 525-547. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2486.2008.00803.x
Bornstein, D & Davis, S (2010). Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press.
Choi, N. & Majumdar, S. (2014). Social entrepreneurship as an essentially contested concept: Opening a new avenue for systematic future research. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(3), 363-376. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2013.05.001
Dees, J. G. (2001). The meaning of “Social Entrepreneurship”. Comments and suggestions contributed from the Social Entrepreneurship Founders Working Group. Durham: Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship, Fuqua School of Business, Duke University. Retrieved from http://www.caseatduke.org/documents/dees_sedef.pdf
Di Domenico, M., Haugh, H. & Tracey, P. (2010). Social Bricolage: Theorizing Social Value Creation in Social Enterprises. Entrepreneurship Theory And Practice, 34 (4), 681-703. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00370.x
European Commission. (2011). Social Business Initiative - Creating a favourable climate for social enterprises, key stakeholders in the social economy and innovation. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions COM(2011) 682 final. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/social_business/docs/COM2011_682_en.pdf
Fowler, A. (2000). NGDOs as a moment in history: Beyond aid to social entrepreneurship or civic innovation? Third World Quarterly, 21(4), 637-654. DOI: 10.1080/713701063
Government of the Republic of Croatia. (2012). National Strategy for the Creation of an Enabling Environment for Civil Society Development from 2012 to 2016. Retrieved from http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/AboutUs/CivilSociety/ReportHC/states/5_Croatia_National%20Strategy-Civil%20Society-Croatia-2012-2016-eng.pdf
Government of the Republic of Croatia. (2014). Strategy for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Republic Croatia from 2014 to 2020. Retrieved from https://vlada.gov.hr/User-DocsImages/ZPPI/Strategije/STRATEGY_COMBATING_POVERTY_SOCIAL_EXCLUSION_2014_2020.pdf
Government of the Republic of Croatia. (2015). Strategy for the Development of Social Entrepreneurship in the Republic of Croatia for the period from 2015 to 2020. Retrieved from http://www.esf.hr/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Strategija-razvoja-dru%C5%A1tvenog-poduzetni%C5%A1tva-u-RH-za-razdoblje-2015-2020.pdf
ICF Consulting Services (2014) A map of social enterprises and their eco-systems in Europe, Country Report: Croatia. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=12991&langId=en
Lasprogata, G. A. & Cotten, M. N. (2003). Contemplating enterprise: The business and legal challenges of social entrepreneurship. American Business Law Journal, 41(1), 67-113. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-1714.2003.tb00002.x
Leadbeater, C. (1997). The rise of the social entrepreneur. London: Demos.
Mair, J. & Marti, I. (2006). Social entrepreneurship research: A source of explanation, prediction, and delight. Journal of World Business, 41(1), 36-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.jwb.2005.09.002
Nicholls, A. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: New models of sustainable social change. New York: Oxford University Press. Nobel Prize, The Official Web Site of the Nobel Prize. Retrieved from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/yunus-bio.html
OECD (2010). Social entrepreneurship and social innovation. In SMEs, entrepreneurship and innovation.
OECD studies on SMEs and entrepreneurship, 185-215, Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/social_business/docs/conference/oecd_en.pdf
Peredo, A. M. & McLean, M. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: A critical review of the concept. Journal of World Business, 41(1), 56-65. DOI: 10.1016/j.jwb.2005.10.007
Perić, J. & Delić, A. (2014). Social entrepreneurship in Croatia: Do regional disparities influence young people’s perception of social entrepreneurship as a potential career path? Ekonomski vjesnik/Econviews, XXVII (1), 81 - 92. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/file/188672
Schwab Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.schwabfound.org; http://www.schwabfound.org/content/what-social-entrepreneur
Slaper, T. F. & Hall, T. J. (2011). The Triple Bottom Line: What Is It and How Does It Work?, Indiana Business Review, 86 (1), 4-8. Retrieved from http://www.ibrc.indiana.edu/ibr/2011/spring/pdfs/article2.pdf
Smith, B. R. & Stevens C. E. (2010). Different types of social entrepreneurship: The role of geography and embeddedness on the measurement and scaling of social value, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 22 (6), 575-598. DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2010.488405
Sunley, S. & Pinch, S. (2012). Financing social enterprise: social bricolage or evolutionary entrepreneurialism?, Social Enterprise Journal, 8 (2), 108-122. DOI: 10.1108/17508611211252837
Šimleša, D., Bušljeta Tonković, A. & Puđak, J. (2016). Društveno poduzetništvo u Hrvatskoj: od prepoznavanja do primjene. Revija za sociologiju, 46 (3), 271-295. DOI: 10.5613/rzs.46.3.2
Šimleša, D., Puđak, J., Majetić, F. & Bušljeta Tonković, A. (2015). Mapping New Horizons - report on the state of social entrepreneurship in Croatia 2015. Zagreb: Institute of Social Science Ivo Pilar. Retrieved from http://www.pilar.hr/images/stories/dokumenti/razno/projekti/simlesa/mapping_new_horizons.pdf
Škrtić, M. & Mikić, M. (2006). Poduzetništvo. Zagreb: Sinergija.
Thompson, J. L. (2008). Social enterprise and social entrepreneurship: where have we reached? A summary of issues and discussion points, Social Enterprise Journal, 4 (2), 149-161. DOI: 10.1108/17508610810902039
Urbano, D., Ferri, E., Peris-Ortiz, M. & Aparicio S. (2017). Social Entrepreneurship and Institutional Factors: A Literature Review. In: M. Peris-Ortiz, F. Teulon and D. Bonet-Fernandez (Eds.), Social Entrepreneurship in Non-Profit and Profit Sectors - Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives, International Studies in Entrepreneurship 36, 1st ed. (1-29). Cham: Springer International Publishing AG,
Vidović, D. & Baturina, D. (2016). Social Enterprise in Croatia: Charting New Territories, ICSEM Working Papers, No. 32, Liege: The International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) Project. Retrieved from https://www.iap-socent.be/sites/default/files/Croatia%20-%20Vidovic%20%26%20Baturina_0.pdf
Weerawardena, J. & Mort, G. S. (2006). Investigating social entrepreneurship: A multidimensional model, Journal of World Business, 41(1), 21-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.jwb.2005.09.001
Wulleman, M. & Hudon, M. (2016). Models of Social Entrepreneurship: Empirical Evidence from Mexico, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 7 (2), 162-188. DOI: 10.1080/19420676.2015.1057207
Yunus, M., Moingeon, B. & Lehmann-Ortega, L. (2010). Building Social Business Models: Lessons from the Grameen Experience, Long Range Planning, 43 (2-3), 308-325. DOI: 10.1016/j.lrp.2009.12.005
Zahra, S., Gedajlovic, E., Neubaum, D. O. & Shulman, J. M. (2009). A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes and ethical challenges. Journal of Business Venturing, 24 (5), 519-532. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.04.007.