Neighbouring countries – an important segment in inbound tourism An example of the European Union member states

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the article is to present the significance of neighbouring countries in the structure of inbound tourism for the member countries of the European Union. In order to achieve this aim, some secondary materials presenting the volume and the structure of tourist traffic in the analysed countries have been referred to. The structure of the article allows the Author to provide a detailed analysis of the particular problems in the discussed field. Firstly, a review of scientific literature on tourist traffic and the significance of neighbouring countries for inbound tourism is provided. The next part of the text presents the countries adjacent to the European Union member states. Subsequently, the significance of these destinations is indicated, due to the data that present the structure of inbound tourism. It transpires that in most analysed countries, their neighbouring states come as a significant - and often even the most important - segment in inbound tourism. Furthermore, neighbouring countries often take the top positions on the list of the countries the citizens of which visit particular destinations most frequently. The analysis of the structure of inbound tourism in Poland in the years 2012-2016 also indicates that the neighbouring markets form the most important segment, regardless of some changes that took place during the analysed time period. Due to the review of some relevant documents, it is indicated (on the example of Poland) that neighbouring countries are often of priority significance in the assumptions and development plans for tourism, although the ranks of the particular countries can be different. On one hand, the considerations presented in the article allow the Author to evaluate the significance of neighbouring countries for inbound tourism in the particular countries; on the other hand, they indicate the necessity of including these countries into the tourism policy, along with promotion activities undertaken in the foreign markets.

82.6 million foreign tourists in France in 2016, Ministère de L’économie et des Finances, Paris 2017.

Annual Trend, VisitFinland, http://www.visitfinland.com/travel-trade/graph/vuositason-kehitystrendi.

Arrivals of visitors from abroad to Bulgaria by months and by country of origin, http://www.nsi.bg/en/content/7058/arrivals-visitors-abroad-bulgaria-months-and-country-origin.

Bański, J. (2010). Granica w badaniach geograficznych - definicja i próba klasyfikacji, Przegląd Geograficzny, 82(4), 489-508.

Bartosiewcz, W., & Skalska, T. (2013). Zagraniczna turystyka przyjazdowa do Polski w 2012 roku. Warszawa: Instytut Turystyki, Szkoła Główna Turystyki i Rekreacji.

Borzyszkowski, J. (2005). Polityka turystyczna państwa. Koszalin: Wydawnictwo Uczelniane Politechniki Koszalińskiej.

Borzyszkowski, J. (2012). Markowe produkty turystyczne i ich związek ze strukturą ruchu turystycznego - przykład Czech, Polski, Słowacji i Węgier. Popyt turystyczny. Zagadnienia podstawowe, Zeszyty Naukowe, 697, Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług no. 82, 343-355.

Brida, J.G., Lanzilotta, B., Lionetti, S., & Risso, W.A. (2010). The tourism-led-growth hypothesis for Uruguay. Tourism Economics, 16 (3), 765-771.

Brida, J.G., Pereyra Barreiro, J.S., & Scuderi, R., (2017). Repeat tourism in Uruguay: modelling truncated distributions of count data, http://ssrn.com/abstract=2017087.

Calatoriile Internationale Ĭnregistrate la Frontierele Romăniei in Anul 2016. Bucharest: Institutul National de Statistica, 2017.

Carvalho, P., Márquez, M.A., & Díaz, M. (2016). Do neighbouring countries encourage the demand of international business tourism? European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation, vol. 7(3), 156-167.

Charakterystyka przyjazdów cudzoziemców do Polski w 2014 roku. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Sportu i Turystyki, 2015.

Charakterystyka przyjazdów cudzoziemców do Polski w 2015 roku. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Sportu i Turystyki, 2016.

Charakterystyka przyjazdów nierezydentów do Polski w 2016 roku. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Sportu i Turystyki, 2017.

Croatia. Tourism in Figures 2016. Zagreb: Ministry of Tourism, 2017.

Deng, M., & Athanasopoulos, G. (2011). Modelling Australian Domestic and International Inbound Travel: A Spatial-temporal Approach. Tourism Management, 32, 1075-1084

Druvaskalne, I.D., & Slara, A. (2006). Tourism Challenges in the Baltic States Since EU Enlargement. ERSA conference papers ersa06p121, European Regional Science Association.

Duda-Gromada, K. (2009). Charakterystyka ruchu turystycznego wokół wybranych zbiorników retencyjnych w Polsce. Prace Geograficzne, vol. 121, 87-95.

Estatísticas do Turismo. Lisboa: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, 2017.

http:// www.pot.gov.pl.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_and_territories_by_land_borders#H.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourism_in_Belgium.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourism_in_Italy.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourism_in_Luxembourg#cite_note-36.

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cypr.

Janczak, K., & Patelak, K. (2014). Zagraniczna turystyka przyjazdowa do Polski w 2013 roku. Łódź: Activ Group.

Kowalczyk, A. (2001). Geografia turyzmu. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Lamakinaite, M., Labanauskaite, D., & Baranskaite, E. (2015). The evaluation of Lithuania’s Touristic Image Changes. Regional Formation and Development Studies, no. 3 (17), 85-96.

Liszewski, S., & Włodarczyk, B. (2010). Badania regionalne ruchu turystycznego jako podstawa nowej regionalizacji turystycznej Polski. W: E. Dziedzic (ed.) Regionalne badania konsumentów usług turystycznych, Warszawa: Polska Organizacja Turystyczna.

Marketingowa Strategia Polski w sektorze turystyki na lata 2012-2020. Warszawa: Polska Organizacja Turystyczna, 2011.

Marrocu, E., & Paci, R. (2011). They Arrive with New Information. Tourism Flows and Production Efficiency in the European Regions. Tourism Management, 32, 750-758.

Michalkó, G., Rátz, T., Hinek, M., & Tömöri, M. (2014), Shopping tourism in Hungary during the period of the economic crisis. Tourism Economics, 20(6), 1319-1336.

Non-residental Arrivals from Abroad: January-December 2015. Athens: Hellenic Statistical Authority, 2016.

Number of guests and overnights in Lithuanian accommodation establishments. '000. All markets. 2016-2017. Vilnius: State Department of Tourism, Ministry of Economy, 2018.

Number of guests in collective accommodation establishments by country in the Czech Republic and regions. Prague: Czech Statistical Office, 2018.

Number of tourists by country of residence. Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, 2018.

Ostrowski, S. (1972). Ruch turystyczny w Polsce. Warszawa: SiT.

Overseas Residents Visits to the UK 2016. London: Office for National Statistics, 2017.

Panasiuk, A. (2006). Ekonomika turystyki. Warszawa: PWN.

Plan działania na rok 2018. Warszawa: Polska Organizacja Turystyczna, 2018.

Program rozwoju turystyki do 2020 roku. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Sportu i Turystyki, 2015.

Sikos, T.T., & Kovács, A. (2008). Új trendek a határ menti kiskereskedelemben Délnyugat-Szlovákiában’. Területi Statisztika, vol. 11, no 6, 724-733.

Solarin, S.A. (2014). Revisiting the Convergence Hypothesis of Tourism Markets: Evidence from South Africa, Margin. The Journal of Applied Economic Research, 8 (1), 77-92.

Status på turisternes overnatninger i Danmark 2016. København: VisitDenmark, 2017.

Székely, A. (2014). Towards a Typology of cross-border tourism regions. Folia Pomeranae Universitatis Technologiae Stetinensis, Oeconomica, 314(77)4, 117-130

Szwichtenberg A. (ed.), 2000. Podstawy turystyki. Koszalin: Wydawnictwo Uczelniane Politechniki Koszalińskiej.

Tarasova, I. (2013). The tourism sector and business tourism activities in Russia. Universidad Politecnica de Cartagena.

Toerisme in perspectief. NBTC Holland Marketing, 2018.

Tourism Facts 2017 Preliminary. Dublin: Fáilte Ireland, 2018.

Tourism in Estonia in 2017. Tallin: VisitEstonia, 2018.

Tourism in Hungary 2016 with Preliminary Data. Budapest: Hungarian Tourism Agency, 2017.

Tourism in numbers 2016. Lublana: Slovenian Tourist Board, 2017.

Tourism in Sweden 2015. Stockholm: The Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth, 2016.

Tourismus in Österreich. Wien: Statistik Austria, 2016.

Tourismus in Zahlen 2016. Berlin: Das Statistische Bundesamt, 2017.

Tūrisms Latvijā. Rīga: Centrālā Statistikas Pārvalde, 2017.

Ubytovacia Štatistika Cr Na Slovensku, Návštevníci 2017. Bratislava: Ministerstvo dopravy a výstavby SR, 2018.

Więckowski, M. (2010). Turystyka na obszarach przygranicznych Polski. Warszawa: Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania im. Stanisława Leszczyckiego, Polska Akademia Nauk.

Zhang, Y., Xu, J.-H., & Zhuang, P.-J. (2011). The Spatial Relationship of Tourist Distribution in Chinese Cities. Tourism Geographies, 13(1), 75-90.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 43 43 15
PDF Downloads 47 47 13