The Plasticity and Morphofunctional Organization of the Digestive System of Waders (Charadrii) as Migrants

Open access


The results of the macro-micromorphological structure of the digestive system of the waders and comparative analysis with the migrants of the Aves are presented. It was revealed that the digestive system of waders at the anatomical level has a universal structure typical for representatives of class Aves. As a result of histological studies of the structure of the digestive tract, it was found that the feature of the wall of the waders small intestine is the dense location of the crypt in its own plate of the mucous membrane throughout its length. High proliferative capacity of cambial crypt cells and their multilayered location provide high secretory and regenerative activity of enterocytes, which helps to restore the mucous membrane and intensify the digestive processes, especially during the active feeding of the waders at the migration stopover points. At this time, the length and mass of the intestine, the mass of the stomach and the liver increase, what is considered as a reaction to a large number of feeds in the intensive feeding of birds and indicates the plasticity of their digestive system. It is shown that the change in the morphometric parameters of the waders digestive system organs depending on the migration situation is an integral part of the adaptive mechanism of the migratory birds, which provides the basic need of the organism - fat accumulation. Th e content of general liver lipids, abdominal fat and thoracic muscles in 6 species of tundra warblers with varying degrees of fat accumulation at the migration stopover points in the Azov-Black Sea region was studied.

Alerstam, Th ., David, A. C. 2008. Bird Migration. Cambridge University Press, 1-432.

Atkinson, P. W., Baker, A. J., Bennett, K. A., Clark, N. A., Clark, J. A., Cole, K. B., Dekinga, A., Dey, A., Gillings, S., Gonzalez, P. M. 2007. Rates of mass gain and energy deposition in red knot on their final spring staging site is both time- and condition-dependent. Journal of Applied Biology, 44 (4), 885-895.

Blumental, T. I., Dolnik, V. R. 1962. Assessment of energy indicators of birds in the fi eld. Ornitologia, 4, 394-407 [In Russian].

Busse, P. 2000. Bird station manual. De Gruyter Open Ltd, Gdansk, 1-264.

Chernichko, I. I., Kirikova, T. A. 1999. Macrozoobenthos of Sivash and the associated placement of waders. Fauna, ecology and protection of birds of the Azov-Black Sea region: Collection of scientifi c works. Ecocenter “Synthesis of NT”, Reskomprirody of Crimea, Sonat, 52-65 [In Russian].

Chernichko, I. I. 2010. Characteristics of Sex and Age Composition of Calidris alpine (Aves, Charadriiformes) Migrating Across Sivash. Vestnik Zoologii, 44 (5), 433-444.

Davletova, L. V., Kapralova, L. T., Termeleva, A. G. 1986. Morphofunctional study of the digestive organs of ungulates: Methodological recommendations. Nauka, Moscow, 1-58 [In Russian].

Dekinga, A., Dietz, M. W., Koolhaas, A., Piersma, Th . 2001. Time course reversibility of changes in the gizzards of red knots alternately eating hard and soft food. Journal Experimental Biology, 204 (12), 2167-2173.

Dolnik, V. R. 2009. Comparison of energy costs for migration and wintering in birds. Russian Ornithological Journal, 18 (458), 82-84 [In Russian].

Gavrilov, V. M. 2012. Ecological, functional, and thermodynamic prerequisites and consequences of homoeothermy origin and development, with avian energetics as a case study. Journal of General Biology, 73 (2), 88-113 [In Russian].

Hobson, K. A., Jehl, J. R. 2010. Arctic waders and the capital-income continuum: Further tests using isotopic contrasts of egg components. Journal Avian Biology, 41, 565-572.

Kam, J., Ens, B., Piersma, Th ., Zwarts, L., 2004. Shorebirds. An illustrated behavioural ecology. KNNV Publishers, 1-367.

Kharchenko, L. P., Lykova, I. A. 2013. Lymphoid structures of the waders’ digestive tract (Charadrii). The Journal of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series: biology, 17 (1056), 130-137 [In Ukrainian].

Khomenko, S. V. 2003. Feeding ecology of curlew sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea, during spring stopover in the Sivash Bay (Ukraine). Vestnik Zoologii, 37 (2), 97-99.

Landys-Ciannelli, M., Piersma, Th ., Jukema, J. 2003. Strategic size changes of internal organs and muscle tissue in the Bar-tailed Godwit during fat storage on a spring stopover site. Functional Ecology, 17, 151-159.

Leninger, A. 1985. Fundamentals of Biochemistry. Mir, Moscow, 1-368, Vol. 2 [In Russian].

Lykova, I. O. 2014. Dynamics of digestive morphometric parameters of waders at migratory stopover sites. Biology and valeology, 16, 29-36 [In Ukrainian].

Lykova, I. A., Kharchenko, L. P. 2016. Anatomy-histological structure of intestine of waders (Charadrii) as migrants. Biology and valeology, 18, 44-56 [In Ukrainian].

Mail let, D., Weber, J-M. 2009. Relationship between n-3 PUFA content and energy metabolism in the flight muscles of a migrating shorebird: Evidence for natural doping. Anat. Rec.: Adv. Integr. Anat. and Evol. Biol., 292 (11), 413-420.

McWilliams, S. R., Karasov, W. H. 2001. Phenotypic flexibility in digestive system structure and function in migratory birds and its ecological significance Comp. Biochemical Physiology, 128A, 579-593.

McWilliam s, S. R., Karasov, W. H. 2005. Migration takes guts: digestive physiology of migratory birds and its ecological significance. In: Mara, P., Greenberg, R., eds. Birds of Two Worlds, 67-78.

Mitchell, P. I., Scott, I., Evans, P. R. 2000. Vulnerability to severe weather and regulation of body mass of Icelandic and British Redshank Tringa totanus. Journal Avian Biology. 31 (4). 511-521.

Piersma, Th ., Gill, R. E. 1998. Guts don’t fl y: Small digestive organs in obese Bar-tailed Godwits. Auk, 115 (1), 196-203.

Schmaltz, L. E., Loonstra, A. H. J., Wymenga, E., Hobson, K. A., Piersma, Th . 2018. Quantifying the nonbreeding provenance of staging Ruff s, Philomachus pugnax, using stable isotope analysis of different tissues. Journal of Ornithology, 159 (1): 191-203. DOI: 10.1007/s10336-017-1488-x

Stein, R. W., Place, A. R., Lacourse, T., Guglielmo, Ch. G., Williams, T. D. 2005. Digestive organ sizes and enzyme activities of refueling western sandpipers (Calidris mauri): Contrasting effects of season and age. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 78 (3), 434-446.

Weber, J-M. 2009. Th e physiology of long-distance migration: extending the limits of endurance metabolism. Journal Experimental Biology, 212, 593-597.

Yohannes, E., Valcu, M., Lee, R. W., Kempenaers, B. 2010. Resource use for reproduction depends on spring arrival time and wintering area in an arctic breeding shorebird. Journal Avian Biology, 41, 580-590.

Vestnik Zoologii

The Journal of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Schmalhauzen Institute of Zoology

Journal Information

Cite Score 2017: 0.39

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.268
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.485


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 72 72 21
PDF Downloads 104 104 27