Structure of Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) Communities in Different, Anthropically Disturbed Beech Ecosystems (Western Carpathians, Slovakia)

Open access

Abstract

The authors evaluate the impact of different types of forestry management, and other anthropic disturbances, on harvestmen (Opiliones) communities in sub-mountain beech stands in the Western Carpathians. Harvestmen were studied in three main localities, consisting of nine partial plots (Žiar nad Hronom - (1) control closed canopy stand; Jalná - (2) control stand, (3) thinning stand, (4) 11-year old forest clearing, and (5) 2-year old forest clearing; Kováčová - (6) control stand, (7) coppice, (8) 10-year old forest clearing, and (9) 3-year old forest clearing). In total, 16 harvestmen species were found, representing 45.7 % of the 35 harvestmen species range known in Slovakia to date. Th e most abundant species, i. e., those with the highest dominance values (D), were Lophopilio palpinalis (D = 22.8%), Trogulus nepaeformis (D = 17.9%), Lacinius ephippiatus (D = 12.2%), Trogulus tricarinatus (D = 11.3%), Oligolophus tridens (D = 10.5%), and Nemastoma lugubre (D = 6.7%). At the partial plot of the 3-year old forest clearing, we found eight harvestmen species and noticed a high number of specimens (5.49) caught in one individual trap, and this was also the highest number among all the nine sites.

Astaloš, B., Jarab, M. 2005. To the knowledge of harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) of the Lúčanská Malá Fatra Mts. Entomofauna Carpathica, 17, 3-39 [In Slovak].

Barna, M. 2000. Beech stand development aft er cutting intervention. Folia oecologica, 27, 47-54.

Barna, M. 2008. Th e eff ect of cutting regimes on natural regeneration in submountain beech forests: species diversity and abundance. Journal of Forest Science, 54, 533-544.

Barna, M., Schieber, B., Cicák, A. 2009. Eff ects of post-cutting changes in site conditions on the morphology and phenology of naturally regenerated beech seedlings (Fagus sylvatica L.). Polish Journal of Ecology, 57 (3), 461-472.

Bartoš, E. 1939. Die Weberknechte (Opiliones) des ostlichen Carpaticums. Folia Zoologica et Hydrobiologica, 9 (2), 308-310.

Blick, T., Komposch, C. 2004. Checkliste der Weberknechte Mittel- und Nordeuropas. Verzion 27. Dezember 2004; Available: www.AraGes.de/checklist.html#2004_Opiliones

Chevrizov, B. P. 1979. On the fauna of Opiliones of western regions of the European part of the USSR. Entomologicheskoje obozrenie, 68, 426-430 [In Russian].

Cicák, A., Kellerová, D., Kulfan, J., Mihál, I. 2011. Air pollution - harmful factor. In: Barna, M., Kulfan, J., Bublinec, E., eds. Beech and Beech Ecosystems in Slovakia. Veda, Bratislava, 555-574 [In Slovak].

Dubová, M., Bublinec, E. 1994. Acid deposition and its chemistry. In: Cicák, A., ed. Framework projects of remedial measures in selected areas - Žiar nad Hronom. Reference Report. ÚEL SAV, Zvolen, 1-200 [In Slovak].

Franc, V., Mlejnek, R. 1999. First record of Holoscotolemon jaqueti (Opiliones, Erebomastidae) from Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava, 54 (2), 134.

Greguš, C. 1968. Growth stages and the time of their transfer. Vedecke prace VULH, Zvolen, 10, 167-199 [In Slovak].

Izaskun, M. S., Araceli, A. 2015. Local distribution patterns of harvestmen (Arachnida: Opiliones) in a Northern temperate Biosphere Reserve landscape: infl uence of orientation and soil richness. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 145, 3-16.

Jarab, M., Kubovčík, V. 2002. Analysis of ecological structure of harvestmen communities (Opiliones) of the Blatnická valley (the Veľká Fatra Mts, Slovakia). Sbornik Přirodovědeckeho Klubu v Uherskem Hradišti, 7, 113-122 [In Slovak].

Jennings, D. T., Houseweart, M. W., Cokendolpher, J. C. 1984. Phalangids (Arachnida: Opiliones) associated with strip clearcut and dense spruce-fi r forest of Maine. Environmental Entomology, 13, 1306-1311.

Korpeľ, Š., Peňáz, J., Saniga, M., Tesař, V. 1991. Silviculture. Príroda, Bratislava, 1-472 [In Slovak].

Kromp, B., Steinberger, K. H. 1992. Grassy fi eld margins and Arthropod diversity: a case study on ground beetles and spiders in eastern Austria (Coleoptera: Carabidae; Arachnida: Aranei, Opiliones). Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 40, 71-93.

Losos, B., Gulička, J., Lellák, J., Pelikán, J. 1984. Animal Ecology. SPN, Praha, 1-320 [In Czech].

Martens, J. 1978. Weberknechte, Opiliones - Spinnen tiere, Arachnida. In: Senglaub, K., Hannemann, H. J., Schumann, H., eds. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands, 64. Teil, Jena, Fischer Verlag, 1-464.

Mašán, P. 1998. First record of Siro carpaticus (Opiliones, Cyphophtalmi) from Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava, 53, 650.

Mihál, I. 1997. Harvestmen (Opilionida) in a brush stand and fi r-beech forest of the Kremnické vrchy mountains. Biologia, Bratislava, 52 (2), 191-194.

Mihál, I., Černecká, Ľ. 2014. Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) of the Boky National Natural Reserve and the Rohy Natural Reserve and their vicinity (Central Slovakia). Folia faunistica Slovaca, 19, 49-55 [In Slovak].

Mihál, I., Gajdoš, P. 2010. Harvestmen (Opiliones) of the research area Báb near Nitra aft er forest block cutting operation. Rosalia (Nitra), 21, 75-86 [In Slovak].

Mihál, I., Korenko, S., Gajdoš, P. 2010. Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) of the Tatra Mountains (Slovakia). Acta Rerum Naturalium, 8, 31-36 [In Slovak].

Mitov, P. 2007. Spatial niches of Opiliones (Arachnida) from Vitosha Mountains, Bulgaria. In: Fet, V., Popov, A., eds. Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria. Monographiae Biologiae, 82. Dardrecht, Th e Netherlands, Springer, 423-446.

Snegovaya, N. Yu., Staręga, W. 2009. Taurolaeana, a new genus of Phalangiidae (Opiliones). Revista Iberica de Aracnologia, 17, 33-44.

Stašiov, S. 2001. Selected groups of epigeic macrofauna (Opilionida, Diplopoda and Chilopoda) as the indicators of top soil layer in submountain beech stand. Vedecke študie TU Zvolen, 8/2001A, 1-88 [In Slovak].

Stašiov, S., Maršalek, P. 2015. Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opilionida) of the Čergov Mts. Folia faunistica Slovaca, 20, 131-134.

Stašiov, S., Uhorskaiová, L., Svitok, M., Hazuchová, L., Vician, V., Kočík, K. 2011. Infl uence of agricultural management form on the species structure of harvestman (Opiliones) communities. Biologia, Bratislava, 66, 149-155.

Šilhavý, V. 1956. Opilionidea. Fauna ČSR, sv. 7. ČSAV, Praha, 1-274 [In Czech].

Šilhavý, V. 1971. Opilionidea. In: Daniel, M., Černý, V., eds. Th e Keys of Animals of the ČSSR, 4. Academia, Praha, 33-49 [ In Czech].

Štefančík, L. 1974. Th e thinning of beech pole stages. Príroda, Bratislava, 1-141 [In Slovak].

Štefančík, I., Mihál, I. 1991. Infl uence of emissions on the forest stands of Žiarska kotlina basin. Čistota ovzdušia, 23 (1), 7-16 [In Slovak].

Tischler, W. 1976. Einfurung in die Okologie. Stuttgart, Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1-307.

Urbaničová, V., Miklisová, D., Mock, A., Kováč, Ľ. 2014. Activity of epigeic arthropods in diff erently managed windthrown forest stands in the High Tatra Mts. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 10, 337-345.

Vestnik Zoologii

The Journal of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Schmalhauzen Institute of Zoology

Journal Information


Cite Score 2017: 0.39

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.268
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.485

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 102 102 13
PDF Downloads 67 67 17