Results of operational satellite monitoring of oil pollution of the sea surface together with in-situ measurements of the oil products concentration in the water column for the first time allowed to establish relation between the surface pollution originated from ships, and the general characteristics of spatial and temporal distribution of oil products in the water column in the Southeastern Baltic Sea. Areas with heightened concentrations of oil products in the surface and bottom layers were determined for the study area. The main directions of the contamination propagation are agreed with the main direction of annual mean transport of substances in the Gdansk Basin.
1. Afanasyeva, N.A., Geydarov, F.A., Zatuchnaya, B.M., and Ivanova T.A. (1990) The role of suspended matter in the redistribution of petroleum hydrocarbons in the marine environment (on the example of the North Atlantic). In: Oceanographic aspects of the preservation of seas and oceans from chemical pollution. Moscow, Gidrometeoizdat, 216–219 (in Russian).
2. Bernikova, T.A., Dubravin, V.F., Nagornova, N.N., and Stont, Zh.I. (2007) The climatic seasons of the Southern Baltic. Proc. V International scientific conference “Innovations in science and education - 2007”. Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad State Technical University, Part 1, 53-55 (in Russian).
3. Bulycheva, E.V. and Kostianoy, A.G. (2011) Results of the satellite monitoring of oil pollution in the Southeastern Baltic Sea in 2006-2009. Modern problems of remote sensing of the Earth from space, V8, N 2, 74-83 (in Russian).
4. Bulycheva, E.V. and Kostianoy, A.G. (2014) Results of satellite monitoring of the sea surface oil pollution in the Southeastern Baltic Sea in 2004-2013. Modern problems of remote sensing of the Earth from space, V11, N 4, 111-126 (in Russian).
5. Bulycheva, E., Kuzmenko, I., and Sivkov, V. (2014) Annual sea surface oil pollution of the southeastern part of the Baltic Sea by satellite data for 2006-2013. Baltica, V27, Special Issue, 9–14.
6. Burger, J. (1997) Oil spills. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick. 262 pp.
7. Document (1998a) PND F 14.1:2:4.128-98 Quantitative chemical analysis of water. Methods of measurement of the mass concentration of oil in the samples of natural, drinking, waste waters by the fluorimetric method on the analyzer of a liquid “Fluorat-02.” (in Russian).
8. Document (1998b) PND F 16.1:2.21-98 Quantitative chemical analysis of soil. Methods of measurement of the mass fraction of oil in the samples of soil and ground by the fluorimetric method using the liquid analyzer “Fluorat-02.” (in Russian).
9. Emelyanov, E.M. (1998) The barrier zones in the ocean. Sedimentation and mineralization, geo-ecology. Kaliningrad, Yantarny skaz, 416 pp. (in Russian).
11. Kostianoy, A.G., Bulycheva, E.V., Semenov, A.V., and Krainyukov, A.V. (2015) Satellite monitoring systems for shipping, and offshore oil and gas industry in the Baltic Sea. Transport and Telecommunication, V16, N2, 117-126.
12. Kostianoy, A.G. and Lavrova, O.Yu. (Eds.) (2014) Oil pollution in the Baltic Sea. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. V27. 268 pp.
13. Kostianoy, A.G., Litovchenko, K.Ts., Lavrova, O.Yu., Mityagina, M.I., Bocharova, T.Yu., Lebedev, S.A., Stanichny, S.V., Soloviev, D.M., Sirota, A.M., and Pichuzhkina, O.E. (2006) Operational satellite monitoring of oil spill pollution in the southeastern Baltic Sea: 18 months experience. Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, N4(38), 70-77.
14. Lavrova, O.Yu., Mityagina, M.I., Kostianoy, A.G., and Semenov, A.V. (2014) Oil pollution in the southeastern Baltic Sea in 2009-2011. Transport and Telecommunication, V15, N4, 322-331.
15. Lobkovsky, L.I., Levchenko D.G., Leonov A.V., and Ambrosimov A.K. (2005) Geo-environmental monitoring of oil and gas marine areas. Moscow, Nauka, 326 pp. (in Russian).
16. Meier, H.E.M. (2007) Modelling the pathways and ages of inflowing salt- and freshwater in the Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, N74, 610-627.
17. Nelson-Smith, A. (1977) Oil and ecology of the sea. Moscow, Progress, 298 pp. (in Russian).
18. Nemirovskaya, I.A. (2004) The hydrocarbons in the ocean (the snow – ice – water - suspended matter - bottom sediments). Moscow, Nauchny mir, 328 pp. (in Russian).
19. Nemirovskaya, I.A. (2012) Petroleum hydrocarbons. In: Oil and the environment of the Kaliningrad Region. V2: The Sea (Eds.) V.V. Sivkov, Yu.S. Kadzhoyan, O.E. Pichuzhkina, V.N. Feldman. Kaliningrad, Terra Baltica, 152-173 (in Russian).
20. Nemirovskaya, I.A. (2013) Oil in the ocean. Pollution and natural flows. Moscow, Nauchny mir, 428 pp. (in Russian).
21. Order of the Federal Fisheries Agency (2010) “On approval of standards for water quality of fishery water bodies, including the maximum permissible concentrations of harmful substances in the waters of fishery water bodies» N20, 18.01.2010 (in Russian).
22. Patin, S.A. (2001) Oil and ecology of continental shelf. Moscow, VNIRO, 340 pp. (in Russian).
23. Patin, S.A. (2008) Oil spills and their impact on the marine environment and aquatic resources. Moscow, VNIRO, 507 pp. (in Russian).
24. Stont, Zh.I. (2014) Modern trends in variability of hydrometeorological parameters in the southeastern part of the Baltic Sea and their reflection in the coastal processes. Synopsis of the thesis on geography sciences. Kaliningrad, Atlantic Branch of P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, 23 pp. (in Russian).