Transition to Virtual Microscopy in Medical Undergraduate Pathology Education: First Experience of Turkey in Dokuz Eylül University Hospital / Tıp Fakültesi Mezuniyet Öncesi Patoloji Eğitiminde Sanal Mikroskopiye Geçiş: Dokuz Eylül Üniversite Hastanesi’nde Türkiye’nin İlk Deneyimi

Open access

Abstract

Objective: Pathology education includes an important visual part supporting a wide range of theoretical knowledge. However, the use of traditional microscopes in pathology education has declined over the last decade and there is a lack of interest for microscopy. Virtual microscopy, which was first described in 1985 and has experienced a revolution since 2000, is an alternative technique to conventional microscopy, in which microscopic slides are scanned to form digital images and stored in the web. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of virtual microscopy in practical pathology sessions and its effects on our students and undergraduate education at our faculty.

Material and Method: Second and third year medical students who were used to conventional microscopes were included in the study. The practical sessions were carried out via virtual slides and the effect of the new technique was investigated by a scale at the end of each session. Academic staff from the pathology department joined sessions to promote discussion and respond to questions. Student ratings were analysed statistically.

Results: The evaluation of the ratings showed that the students were easily adapted to the use of virtual microscopy. They found it user-friendly and thought that the opportunity of viewing slides at home was advantageous. Collaboration between students and interactive discussions was also improved with this technique.

Conclusion: It was concluded that the use of virtual microscopy could contribute to the pathology education of our students.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Braun MW Kearns KD. Improved learning efficiency and increased student collaboration through use of virtual microscopy in the teaching of human pathology. Anat Sci Educ. 2008;1:240-6.

  • 2. Coleman R. Can histology and pathology be taught without microscopes? The advantages and disadvantages of virtual histology. Acta Histochemica. 2009;111:1-4.

  • 3. Merk M Knuechel R Perez-Bouza A. Web-based virtual microscopy at the RWTH Aachen University: Didactic concept methods and analysis of acceptance by the students. Ann Anat. 2010;192:383-7.

  • 4. Dee FR. Virtual microscopy in pathology education. Hum Pathol. 2009;40:1112-21.

  • 5. Foster K. Medical education in the digital age: Digital whole slide imaging as a learning tool. J Pathol Inform. 2010;1. pii: 14.

  • 6. Kumar KR Velan GM Korell SO Kandara M Dee FR Wake D. Virtual microscopy for learning and assessment in pathology. J Pathol. 2004;204:613-8.

  • 7. Heidger PM Dee FR Consoer D Leaven T Duncan J Kreiter C. Integrated approach to teaching and testing in histology with real and virtual imaging. Anat Rec. 2002;269:107-12.

  • 8. Blake C Lavoie HA Millette CF. Teaching medical histology at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine: Transition to virtual slides and virtual microscopes. Anat Rec B New Anat. 2003;275:196-206.

  • 9. Krippendorf BB Lough J. Complete and rapid switch from light microscopy to virtual microscopy for teaching medical histology. Anat Rec B New Anat. 2005;285:19-25.

  • 10. Kim MH Park Y Seo D Lim YJ Kim D Kim CW Kim WH. Virtual microscopy as a practical alternative to conventional microscopy in pathology education. Basic Appl Pathol. 2008;1: 46-8.

  • 11. McBride JM Prayson RA. Development of a synergistic casebased microanatomy curriculum. Anat Sci Educ. 2008;1:102-5.

  • 12. Weinstein RS. Innovations in medical imaging and virtual microscopy. Hum Pathol. 2005;36;317-9.

  • 13. Scoville SA Buskirk TD. Traditional and virtual microscopy compared experimentally in a classroom setting. Clin Anat. 2007;20:565-70.

  • 14. Kumar RK Freeman B Velan GM De Permentier PJ. Integrating histology and histopathology teaching in practical classes using virtual slides. Anat Rec B New Anat. 2006;289:128-33.

  • 15. Hamilton PW Wang Y McCullough SJ. Virtual microscopy and digital pathology in training and education. APMIS. 2012;120:305-15.

  • 16. Dee FR Meyerholz DK. Teaching medical pathology in the twenty-first century: Virtual microscopy applications. J Vet Med Educ. 2007;34:431-6.

  • 17. Bloodgood RA. Active learning: A small group histology laboratory exercise in a whole class setting utilizing virtual slides and peer education. Anat Sci Educ. 2012;5:367-73.

  • 18. Weinstein RS Graham AR Richter LC Barker GP Krupinski EA Lopez AM Erps KA Bhattacharyya AK Yagi Y Gilbertson JR. Overview of telepathology virtual microscopy and whole slide imaging: Prospects for the future. Hum Pathol. 2009;40:1057-69.

  • 19. Nelson D Ziv A Bandali KS. Going glass to digital: Virtual microscopy as a simulation-based revolution in pathology and laboratory science. J Clin Pathol. 2012;65:877-81.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


Cite Score 2018: 0.88

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.3
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.577

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 196 114 3
PDF Downloads 94 37 0