Patterns of Pronunciation of English Interdental Fricatives by Some Yoruba Speakers of English in a Nigerian University

Open access

Abstract

This paper is an investigation of the pronunciation patterns of English interdental fricatives by some Yoruba speakers of English at Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile-Ife. This was with a view to finding out the extent to which gender, the level of education, and the position in words of the interdental fricatives (i.e., the (th) variable as in think, pathetic, and path on the one hand, and the (dh) variable as in then, father, and clothe on the other hand) could affect the realisations of these two fricatives, otherwise known as (th) and (dh) variables. Data eventually used for this study were drawn from the reading performance of thirty-three informants who were of Yoruba origin. The thirty-three informants comprised 20 male and 13 female subjects with different levels of education ranging from undergraduate to doctoral. Our findings indicated that the (dh) variable was significantly affected by gender while the (th) variable was not. It was also demonstrated that while the (th) was significantly affected by the level of education of informants, the (dh) variable had no statistically significant association with the speakers’ level of education. Finally, the results of the study revealed that the position in a word (whether initial, medial, or final) of each of the variables affected the realisations of the two variables significantly. It was therefore concluded that sociolinguistic variables such as gender and the level of education were capable of affecting the rendition of linguistic variables significantly.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Akande Akinmade T. 2004. The reinterpretation of the RP English monophthongs by Yoruba Speakers of English: An exploratory approach. M.A Research Report The University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg.

  • Akande Akinmade T. 2008. Investigating dialectal variation in the English of Nigerian university graduates: Methodology and pilot study. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 44. 431–456.

  • Akande Akinmade T. 2009. Some aspects of the pronunciation problems in the spoken English of some Nigerian undergraduates. Papers in English and Linguistics 10. 56–69.

  • Aladeyomi S. A. & A. K. Adetunde. 2007. Errors of segmental phonemes in the spoken English of Nigerian English newscasters. Medwell Journal: The Social Sciences 2(3). 302–306.

  • Awonusi Victor O. 1986. Regional accents and internal variability in Nigerian English: A historical analysis. English Studies 67(6). 555–560. DOI: 10.1080/00138388608598483

  • Bamgbose Ayo. 1971. The English language in Nigeria. In John W. Spencer (ed.) The English language in West Africa 35–48. London: Longman.

  • Banjo Ayo. 1971. Towards a definition of Standard Nigerian Spoken English. In M. Houis (ed.) Actes du 8e Congress de la Société Linguistique de L'Afrique Occidental 165–175. Abidjan: University of Abidjan.

  • Banjo Ayo. 1979. Beyond intelligibility in Nigerian English. In Ebo Ubahakwe (ed.) Varieties and function of English in Nigeria 7–13. Ibadan: African University Press.

  • Brosnahan L. F. 1958. English in southern Nigeria. English Studies 39: 97–110. DOI: 10.1080/00138385808597010

  • Cruz-Ferreira Madalena. 1987. Non-native interpretive strategies for intonational meaning: An experimental study. In Allan James & Jonathan Leather (eds.) Sound patterns in second language acquisition 103–120. Dordrecht: Foris Publications.

  • Eka David. 2000. Issues in Nigerian English usage. Uyo: Scholar Press Ltd.

  • Faleye James. 2008. Morpho-phonological problems of primary school teachers of English in Ibadan. Ife Studies in English Language 7. 14–24.

  • Gut Ulrike B. 2004. Nigerian English: Phonology. In Bernd Kortmann & Edgar W. Schneider (eds.) A handbook of varieties of English 813–830. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. DOI: 10.1515/9783110175325.1.813

  • Herat Manel. 2005. BE variation in Sri Lankan English. Language Variation and Change 17(2). 181–208. DOI: 10.1017/S0954394505050088

  • Jibril Mohammed. 1982. Phonological variation in Nigerian spoken English. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation University of Lancaster.

  • Josiah Ubong. 2009. A synchronic analysis of assimilatory processes in educated Nigerian spoken English. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation University of Ilorin.

  • Josiah Ubong. 2011. Aspiration in Nigerian English: Controversies and challenges. In Inyang Udofot & Juliet Udoudom (eds.) English usage in Nigeria since 1842: Patterns and change. A festschrift for Prof. David Eka 79–102. Uyo: Devconsort Services Ltd.

  • Josiah Ubong Helen Bodunde & Esther Robert. 2012. Patterns of English pronunciation among Nigerian undergraduates: Challenges and prospects. International Journal of Business Humanities and Technology 2(6). 109–117.

  • Jowitt David. 1991. Nigerian English usage: An introduction. Ibadan: Longman.

  • Labov William. 1963. The social motivation of a sound change. Word 19(3). 273–309. DOI: 10.1080/00437956.1963.11659799

  • Labov William. 1972. Sociolinguistic patterns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  • Labov William. 1994. Principles of linguistic change. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

  • Labov William. 2006. The social stratification of English in New York City (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Mesthrie Rajend. 1997. A sociolinguistic study of topicalisation phenomena in South African Black English. In Edgar W. Schneider (ed.) Englishes around the world: Studies in honour of Manfred Görlach. Vol. 2: Caribbean Africa Asia Australasia 119–140. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI: 10.1075/veaw.g19.12mes

  • Soneye Taiwo. 2008. CH digraph in English: Patterns and propositions for ESL pedagogy. Papers in English and Linguistics 9. 9–20.

  • Trudgill Peter. 1974. The social differentiation of English in Norwich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Udofot Inyang. 1997. The rhythm of spoken Nigerian English. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation University of Uyo.

  • Udofot Inyang. 2004. Varieties of spoken Nigerian English. In Segun Awonusi & E. A. Babalola (eds.) The domestication of English in Nigeria: A festschrift for Abiodun Adetugbo at 65 93–113. Lagos: University of Lagos Press.

  • Udofot Inyang. 2013. Features of spoken Nigerian English. In Akinmade T. Akande & Rotimi Taiwo (eds.) Contact linguistics in Africa and beyond 61–74. New York: Nova Publishers.

  • Wagner Suzanne E. 2008. Linguistic change and stabilization in the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation University of Pennsylvania. https://msu.edu/~wagnersu/Papers/Wagner-2008-front.pdf

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


Cite Score 2018: 0.08

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.1
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.095

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 36 36 12
PDF Downloads 25 25 5