The Advice Genre (1400-1599). Genre and Text Type Conventions
The aim of this paper is to characterize the advice text as a genre in the late medieval and early modern English periods. This genre is very popular during this time and is usually found within medical remedy books. For this reason, it has been generally studied within the scope of medieval recipes in historical discourse analysis. In this paper my intention is to show the independent status of the advice text as a genre. A first step for this lies in the characterization of the linguistic features pertaining to the sections that compound this genre and its comparison with the recipe genre. The corpus for this study has been collected from several sources, both edited and unedited. The description of the text type features will be illustrated with examples taken from this corpus. As I show in the conclusion, the advice text is an independent genre with a clear communicative purpose and addressed to an intended audience.
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco - Mercedes Cabrera Abreu 2002 "The formulation of promise in Medieval English medical recipes: A relevance-theoretic approach", Neophilologus 86: 137-154.
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco - Ruth Carroll 2004 "A new proposal for the classification of Middle English medical texts", in: Alicia Rodríguez-Álvarez - Francisco Alonso-Almeida (eds.), 21-34.
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco 1998-1999 "‘Gyf hyr this medycyn’: Analysing the Middle English medical recipe discourse", Revista de Lengua para Fines Específicos 5/6: 15-46.
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco 2000 Edition and study of a late Medieval English medical receptarium. G.U.L. MS Hunter 185 (T.8.17). [Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.]
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco 2005-2006 "Structure-signalling devices in Middle English manuscripts on the diseases of women", Boletín Millares Carlo: 327-342.
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco 2008a "The Middle English medical charm: Register, genre and text type variables", Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 109/1: 9-38.
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco 2008b "The pragmatics of and-conjunctives in Middle English medical recipes: A relevance theory description", Journal of Historical Pragmatics 9/2: 171-199.
Bex, Tony 1996 Variety in written English. London: Routledge.
Biber, Douglas 1988 Variation across speech and writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brinton, Laurel J. 1996 Pragmatic markers in English. Grammaticalization and discourse functions. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Carroll, Ruth 1999 "The Middle English recipes as a text-type", Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 100: 27-42.
Carroll, Ruth 2003 "Recipes for laces: An example of a Middle English discourse colony", in: Risto Hiltunen - Janne Skaffari (eds.), 137-165.
Carroll, Ruth 2004 "Middle English recipes: Vernacularisation of a text-type", in: Irma Taavitsainen - Päivi Pahta (eds.), 174-191.
Christie, Frances (ed.) 1984 Children writing: Reader. Geelong: Vic.
Culpeper, Jonathan 1996 "Towards an anatomy of impoliteness", Journal of Pragmatics 25: 349-367.
Devitt, Amy J. 1993 "Generalizing about genre: New conceptions of an old concept", College Composition and Communication 44/4: 573-586.
Devitt, Amy J. 2000 "Integrating rhetorical and literary theories of genre", College English 62/6: 696-718.
Voigts, Linda - Patricia Kurts 2000 Scientific and medical writings in Old and Middle English: An electronic reference [CDROM]. Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press.
Görlach, Manfred 1992 "Text-types and language history: The cookery recipe", in: Matti Rissanen - Ossi Ihalainen - Terttu Nevalainen - Irma Taavitsainen (eds.), 736-761.
Halliday, Michael - Ragib Hasan 1976 Cohesion in English. London: Longman.
Jones, Clair 1998 "Formula and formulation: ‘Efficacy phrases’ in Medieval English medical manuscripts", Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 99/2: 199-209.
Jucker, Andreas H. (ed.) 1995 Historical pragmatics. Pragmatic developments in the history of English. (Pragmatics - Beyond New Series 35). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Martin, James 1984 "Language, genre and register", in: Frances Christie (ed.), 21-29.
Moessner, Lilo 2001 "Genre, text type, style, register: A terminological maze?", European Journal of English Studies 5/2: 131-138.
Östman, Jan-Ola - Brita Wårvik 1994 "The Fight at Finnesburh: Pragmatic aspects of a narrative fragment", Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 95/2: 207-227.
Pahta, Päivi 1998 Medieval embryology in the vernacular: The case of De spermate. (Mémories de la Société Neophilologique de Helsinki 53.) Helsinki: Société Neophilologique.
Rissanen, Matti - Ossi Ihalainen - Terttu Nevalainen - Irma Taavitsainen (eds.) 1992 History of Englishes: New methods and interpretations in historical linguistics. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Rissanen, Matti - Merja Kytö - Kirsi Heikkonen (eds.) 1997 English in transition. Corpus-based studies in linguistic variation and genre styles. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter
Simpson, John A. - Edward S. C. Weiner (eds.) 1989 The Oxford English dictionary (OED). (2nd edition.) Oxford: Oxford University Press, available at http://dictionary.oed.com. http://dictionary.oed.com
Swales, John 1987 "Utilizing the literatures in teaching the research paper", TESOL Quarterly 21/1: 41-68.
Swales, John 1990 Genre analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Taavitsainen, Irma 1988 Middle English lunaries. A study of the genre. (Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique de Helsinki XLVII.) Helsinki: Société Néophilologique.
Taavitsainen, Irma 1997 "Genre conventions: Personal affect in fiction and non-fiction in Early Modern English", in: Matti Rissanen - Merja Kytö - Kirsi Heikkonen (eds.), 185-266.
Taavitsainen, Irma 2001a "Changing conventions of writing: The dynamics of genres, text types, and text traditions", European Journal of English Studies 5/2: 139-150.
Taavitsainen, Irma 2001b "Middle English recipes: Genre characteristics, text type features and underlying traditions of writing", Journal of Historical Pragmatics 2/1: 85-113.
Taavitsainen, Irma - Päivi Pahta (eds.) 2004 Medical and scientific writing in late Medieval English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Yw Lee, David 2001 "Genres, registers, text types, domains, and styles: Clarifying the concepts of navigating a path through the BNC jungle", Language Learning and Technology 5/3: 37-72.