Selected properties of organic soils under boreal mire spruce forest in the Romincka Forest, NE Poland

Open access

Abstract

The paper presents selected properties of the organic soils developed in boreal mire spruce forests (Sphagno girensohnii-Piceetum) in the Romincka Forest (NE Poland). Additionally, the relationship between soil fertility and forest stand productivity was investigated. Data from 12 soil profiles, differing in terms of peatland ecological type (raised bog, transitional bog and fen) was used. The significance of the differences in soil properties among peatland types was assessed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. Soil fertility was described using soil trophic index (SIGo), whereas stand productivity according to site index (SI) value. The properties of the analysed soils varied significantly in terms of peatland type. Soils from fens were more fertile (SIGo 25–31), less acidic (pH > 5.7), with lower total potential acidity (36–40 cmol(+)·kg−1), higher base saturation (77–79%), Ca2+ content (116–136 cmol(+)·kg−1) and base exchange capacity (123–145 cmol(+)·kg−1) than soils from transition or raised bogs. No significant effect of soil fertility on the site index of stands growing on analysed soils was observed (r = 0.385, p = 0.216).

Błońska E., Lasota J., Januszek K., 2013. Variability of enzymatic activity in forest Cambisols and Brunic Arenosols of Polish lowland areas. Soil Science Annual 64(2): 54–59.

Bošela M., Mališ F., Kulla L., Šeben V., Deckmyn G., 2013. Ecologically based height growth model and derived raster maps of Norway spruce site index in the Western Carpathians. European Journal of Forest Research 132: 691–705.

Brożek S., Zwydak M., Lasota J., Różański W., 2011. Założenia metodyczne badań związków między glebą a zespołami roślinnymi w lasach. Roczniki Gleboznawcze-Soil Science Annual 62(4): 16–38 (in Polish with English summary).

Charakterystyka gleb i siedlisk Nadleśnictwa Gołdap, 2003. Biuro Urządzania Lasu i Geodezji Leśnej, Oddział w Białymstoku (in Polish).

Gałka B., Podlaska M., Kabała C., 2013. Siedliskotwórcze właściwości gleb brunatnych kwaśnych wytworzonych z granitoidów w Górach Stołowych. Sylwan 157(5): 385–394 (in Polish with English summary).

Gałka B., Kabała C., Łabaz B., Bogacz A., 2014. Wpływ drzewostanów o zróżnicowanym udziale świerka na gleby róż-nych typów siedliskowych lasu w Górach Stołowych. Sylwan 158(9): 684–694 (in Polish with English summary).

Glina B., Bogacz, A., Gulyás M., Zawieja B., Gajewski P., Kaczmarek Z., 2016. The effect of long-term forestry drainage on the current state of peatland soils: A case study from the Central Sudetes (SW Poland). Mires and Peat 18(21): 1–11.

Gömöryova E., Gömöry D., 1995. Relationships between environmental factors and height growth and yield of Norway spruce stands: a factor-analytic approach. Forestry 68(2): 145–152.

Gruba P., Mulder J., Brożek S., 2013. Modelling the pH dependency of dissolved calcium and aluminium in O, A and B horizons of acid forest soils. Geoderma 206: 85–91.

Halvorsen Økland R., Rydgren K., Økland T., 2003. Plant species composition of boreal spruce swamp forests: closed doors and windows of opportunity. Ecology 84: 1909–1919.

Hammer Ø., Harper D.A.T., Ryan P.D., 2001. PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4 (1).

Instrukcja wyróżniania i kartowania siedlisk leśnych, 2003. Dyrekcja Generalna Lasów Państwowych, Warszawa (in Polish).

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2015. World reference base for soil resources 2014, update 2015. International Soil Classification System for Naming Soil and Creating Legends for Soil Maps. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. pp. 190.

Klasyfikacja gleb leśnych Polski (Classification of forest soils in Poland). 2000. CILP. pp. 122 (in Polish).

Kutnar L., 2000. Spruce mire types on the Pokljuka plateau, Slovenia. Phyton 40(4): 123–128.

Kuusinen M., 1996. Importance of spruce swamp-forests for epiphyte diversity and flora on Picea abies in southern and middle boreal Finland. Ecography 19: 41–51.

Laiho R., Penttilä T., Laine J., 2004. Variation in soil nutrient concentrations and bulk density within peatland forest sites. Silva Fennica 38(1): 29–41.

Lasota J., Zwydak M., Wanic T., Brożek S., 2011a. Różnorodność gleb zespołów borów mieszanych. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 62(4): 54–73 (in Polish with English summary).

Lasota J., Brożek S., Zwydak M., 2011b. Zastosowanie siedliskowego indeksu glebowego (SIG) w projektowaniu składu gatunkowego odnawianych lasów. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 62(4): 150–163 (in Polish with English summary).

Lasota J., Błońska E., Zwydak M., 2016. Relations between Site Characteristics and Spruce Stand Productivity. Baltic Forestry 22(1): 81–89.

Maanavilja L., Aapala K., Haapalehto T., Kotiaho J.S., Tuittila E., 2014. Impact of drainage and hydrological restoration on vegetation structure in boreal spruce swamp forests. Forest Ecology and Management 330: 115–125.

Mastný J., Urbanová Z., Kaštovská E., Straková P., Šantrůčková H., Edwards K.R., Picek T., 2016. Soil organic matter quality and microbial activities in spruce swamp forests affected by drainage and water regime restoration. Soil Use and Management 32: 200–209.

Matuszkiewicz J.M., 2005. Zespoły leśne Polski. Wyd. Naukowe PWN. p. 340 (in Polish).

Ostrowska A., Gawliński S., Szczubiałka Z., 1991. Metody analizy i oceny właściwości gleb i roślin. Katalog. Instytut Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa. p. 334 (in Polish).

Parzych A., 2015. Akumulacja makro-i mikroelementów w mchach Słowińskiego Parku Narodowego. Sylwan 159(4): 345–352 (in Polish with English summary).

Socha J., Ochał W., Grabczyński S., Maj M., 2015. Modele bonitacyjne dla gatunków lasotwórczych Polski opracowane na podstawie tablic zasobności. Sylwan 159(8): 639–649 (in Polish with English summary).

Szopka K., Kabała C., Karczewska A., Bogacz A., Jezierski P., 2010. Pools of available nutrients in soils from different altitudinal forest zones located in a monitoring system of the Karkonosze Mountains National Park, Poland. Polish Journal of Soil Science 43(2): 173–188.

Systematyka gleb Polski (Polish soil classification), 2011. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 62(3): 1–193 (in Polish).

Turetsky M.R., Mack M.C., Hollingsworth T.N., Harden J.W., 2010. The role of mosses in ecosystem succession and function in Alaska’s boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 1237–1264.

Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

Journal Information

Index Copernicus Value- 93.69 pkt

CiteScore 2017: 1.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.468
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.781

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 123 123 9
PDF Downloads 77 77 4